Circulatory system diseases

Alopecia (Hair Loss)

Alopecia (Hair Loss)

alopecia alopecia - a pathological increased loss or significant thinning of hair on the human head.Today there are several types of alopecia: diffuse (rather drastic thinning hair), traumatic, alopecia (hair missing on certain limited area), hereditary, scar, and total androgen.

Androgenic alopecia is the most common form of baldness.It occurs in both sexes, and it accounts for about 95% of balding men.The second largest is considered alopecia areata, it accounts for less than 4%.All other forms of this disease is very rare, and their share (combined) accounted for less than one percent

causes of alopecia

Significant causes of the many forms of the disease has not been fully established, in connection with what alopecia refers to the so-called multifactorial diseases.

factors provoke:

- Prolonged intoxication

- Stress

- physiological malfunction of the body

- Bad ecology

- Chemotherapy cancer patients

- Genetic predisposition

Androgenic alopecia develops as

a result of the fact that androgensaffect the hair follicles.This is due to an imbalance between estrogen and androgen hormones in the direction of increasing the latter.Men have mild forms of the disease are not usually regarded as pathological, but in women it is a pathology, as the ovaries and / or adrenal glands produce increased amounts of androgens.

Traumatic alopecia develops as a result of mechanical plucking hairs (alone or during games, fights and so forth.).Also, its causes can serve as a contraction, tension or traction hair in certain types of hairstyles.So-called cosmetic alopecia arise due to frequent hair dyeing, blow drying with hot air, hot packing.

Scar alopecia is caused by traumatic influences (radiation damage to the skin, thermal burns and so on.), And as a result of being in the body of specific infections (leishmaniasis, syphilis, tuberculosis ) and neoplasms.

diffuse alopecia most often symptomatic and occurs as a consequence of serious infectious diseases, intoxication and chronic poisoning.There are cases where this form of baldness occurs on the background of pregnancy.

hereditary alopecia - a genetically caused disease.The most commonly characterized by an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, sometimes autosomal dominant.

total alopecia is a form of alopecia areata, which leads to a complete loss of hair on the head itself, and in some cases, other areas of skin.It can occur in both adults and children.

Seborrheic alopecia is diffuse and cause complications seborrhea.In this form there is thinning of hair all over the head (the hairy part of it).This is due to increased greasiness of hair, skin exfoliation, breach of sebum, etc.

Treatment of alopecia

In all forms of the disease are deficient in iron, so prescribers iron (Maltofer, gemofer and so forth.) Course at least one month,and zinc preparations (tsinkteral etc.) - 200 mg three times a day for three months.

Meals should be sufficient nutritious and full of proteins.Assigned to receive trace elements and vitamins.

for topical treatment of most forms of alopecia prescribers based dinitrochlorobenzene, red pepper, burdock oil and so forth. It is used physical therapy, vacuum massage, phonophoresis, diathermy, darsonvalization, laser therapy, magnetic therapy.In lesions appointed electrophoresis with hydrocortisone.It is also considered to be quite an effective method of complex application reflexology and acupuncture.

to surgical methods of treatment of alopecia is hair transplantation, but the need for mandatory pre-treatment of opportunistic diseases.

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