May
28
23:01
Circulatory system diseases

Hypertrichosis

hypertrichosis

hypertrichosis photo hypertrichosis - a disease that manifests itself in excessive growth of hair is unusual for this area of ​​the skin and inappropriate for that age and / or gender.Clinically, congenital hypertrichosis differs by (general and limited) and acquired.The disease mainly affects women - on the face and other unusual areas of the body for it, there is body hair of male type.The most common is a form of hypertrichosis, which occurs in women who have reached puberty.

Distinguish lumbar - sacral (in spinal dystrophy), congenital limitations inherent vellus purchased vellus, nevoid, symptomatic (anorexia nervosa, after a head injury, with epidermolysis bullosa, with insufficient food and so on.), Iatrogenic hypertrichosis, congenitalmalformations (fetal alcohol syndrome and so forth.) and acquired a limited hypertrichosis

hypertrichosis - Causes

most common causes of acquired hypertrichosis are: hormonal changes during menopause and during pregnancy, a violation of the secretory fu

nction of the endocrine glands (pituitary, adrenal glandsovaries), polycystic ovary syndrome, prolonged use of various hormones (androgens, corticosteroids, etc.).Also unusual for excess hair growth can be directly linked to certain pathologies of the pineal gland and the thyroid gland.

In addition, the causes Acquired hypertrichosis include: a variety of infectious diseases (particularly when held by long-term treatment steptomitsinom) breast tumors, metabolic disorders, diseases of the nervous system (epilepsy, severe psycho-emotional and stress, loss of nerve trunks, brain tumorand so forth.).

also often excess hair growth is observed in areas subject to prolonged exposure to the factors that contribute to an increase in blood supply to the skin, traumatic and irritating the skin: the local thermal treatments (paraffin, ozokeritotherapy, hot baths, compresses), some external means (corticosteroid ointments, plasters, mustard, Antipsoriatikum, psoriasin etc.), a physical effect on the skin and hair (massage, cryotherapy, systematic waxing, shaving and so forth.), chronic inflammatory diseases of the skin.

There is a large group of congenital hypertrichosis manifested almost immediately after the birth of children whose parents suffer from general or local hypertrichosis.Number of vellus hair in these children a little bit more than the norm, and themselves more intensely pigmented hair and considerably thicker.This phenomenon is most pronounced on the skin of the trunk, neck and forehead, and likely to develop.The disease may be accompanied by malformations of the nervous system (mental retardation, microcephaly), as well as disorders of the teeth

hypertrichosis - signs

Women in this disease there is increased growth of hair in axillary hollows, nasolabial folds, chin, on the legs, chest,and in the area of ​​the genitals.Pubic hair distribution observed expansion of the zone of male type.Local hypertrichosis in the sternum often can be combined with the depressed sternum and be one of the many symptoms of neurofibromatosis.Local lumbar hypertrichosis is often accompanied by cleft of the spinal column (spinal dizrafiey).In this case, hypertrichosis is presented in the affected area of ​​soft beam of long silky hair.

In most cases, the disease is accompanied by severe neurological symptoms (sphincter insufficiency, loss of sensation, weakness of the legs), which can be removed by surgery.Excessive body hair on the face often captures the eyebrows (glued eyebrows) that often occurs once a few people from the same family.

Hair birthmarks (nevi) are congenital malformations, refer to the local hypertrichosis.Nevi may be covered as a dark-colored and bleached hair vellus.There is a giant pigmented nevus (Becker melanosis), which is characterized by a pronounced hypertrichosis exclusively in the area of ​​pigmentation

hypertrichosis - treatment

Treatment of the disease is most effective if you can identify the root cause, which occurs due to abnormal growth of hair.If it was found that this is due to violation of the proper functioning of the endocrine glands - Treatment of hypertrichosis performed by an endocrinologist.As possible causes of hypertrichosis explore functional disorders of the endocrine system, and neuropsychiatric factors.If necessary, show the cessation of all ongoing local procedures that could serve as a catalyst for increased hair growth.With limited hypertrichosis shown holding physiotherapy methods of action (hair removal using electrocoagulation), and for hair removal using various depilatories (unfortunately the effect of short-term, and after the application of various depilating composition hair can start to grow even more intense; in addition, often a side effect is the development ofdermatitis).Side effects with the hair shaving with a safety razor or electric no.

Congenital hypertrichosis treatment can not be.

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