Seborrheic dermatitis is a disease of the sebaceous glands, and the term itself means salotechenie seborrhea.Dermatitis is manifested in the form of inflammation of the skin on exposure to the various stimuli, mechanical, chemical, thermal, vegetable, light, animal origin.The disease is characterized by redness, swelling, swelling, and fever with burning and itching of the skin.
Further reddened skin appear as fine and expressed large blisters filled with clear liquid.With the opening of the bubble skin get wet.The sensitivity of the skin with dermatitis in humans is different.It depends on the pathogenic microbes and fungi, from the state of the organism, and the nervous system at the time of disease.
sebaceous glands consist of cholesterol, fatty acids and polyols, carbohydrates, hormones, salts, bactericides.During the week the surface of healthy human skin allocates up to 5 grams of sebum.This skin layer is then combined with the water creates a very thin fat layer
's why wash your hair and skin with soap and water should be only once in 5-7 days.Recovery of grease is carried out for 4 hours after washing.
Sebum in its composition contains fatty acids and free nucleotides, proteins, which in turn provide a favorable environment for the development of microbes, comedones.Forming as a result of excess sebum, blackheads clog pores.The hormones of the pituitary gland, gonads, adrenals, endocrine and nervous system regulates the function of the sebaceous glands.
Seborrheic dermatitis - Causes
One reason for the development of seborrheic dermatitis is given streptococcus, staphylococcus and other bacteria in the sebaceous glands.If the state of the human body is normal, then the mushrooms are in a spore waiting.For the growth of fungal microflora its development uses sebum, which leads to seborrheic dermatitis.
seborrheic dermatitis are often strong in the scalp of the head because of the concentration on the site of a large number of hair follicles and sebaceous glands.However, symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis can manifest itself wherever there is sebaceous glands.Himself fungus Malassezia furfur is focused on the hairy part and Pityrosporum orbicuiare affects smooth skin.
The human body is sensitive to adverse conditions and losing control of further growth of fungi pitirosporovyh.Then the following occurs: impaired functioning of the skin, changing its structure and increasing separation of sebum, which in turn acts as a trigger the development of seborrheic dermatitis.
especially hard for seborrheic dermatitis is observed in diseases of the digestive tract, as well as chronic infections (otitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, dental caries).
Seborrheic dermatitis of the skin causing more acne.
seborrheic dermatitis often begins after stress, physical stress, and climate change.If a history of the patients had spinal disease, paralysis and paresis, the probability is higher incidence.For example, Parkinson's disease is always accompanied by seborrheic dermatitis.Genetic predisposition state are the main risk factors for the disease.Higher incidence occurs where relatives were ill with eczema and / or seborrhea.
Types of seborrheic dermatitis
semi-liquid (oily), thick (dry), as well as mixed seborrhea.The liquid (oily) seborrhea occurs in puberty.Widely known dangers of electromagnetic radiation on the skin, as well as stresses which abruptly change the consistency of the chemical composition, the secretion of lipids.
When liquid (oily) oily hair visually seem glued even after washing, they stick together, often drop out, which often leads to baldness.
thick (dry) seborrhea is characterized by a decrease in the secretion of sebum, which in turn makes it difficult to exit on the surface of fat and promotes inflammation of the sebaceous glands.This leads to complications in the form of dandruff, atheroma, acne, comedo.
mixed form of seborrhea combines features of dense and liquid seborrhea.
Seborrheic dermatitis - Symptoms
Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis is that skin lesions carries a slow, gradual, but progressive nature.Patients concerned about itching, often intense.Skin has red spots, which appear on the plaques with distinct borders, covered with greasy scales.The skin lesion is symmetrical, and the form becomes girlyandopodobnye or annular images.The process itself is often accompanied by mokneniem further appear sticky peel and crack.
Seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp
themselves signs of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp are: uneven peeling, as well as the formation of dense scabs.Frequently, when viewed from dandruff can be observed, as well as white or yellowish scales firmly fixed to the hair shaft.This hair is thinning, thinning in the future leads to baldness (diffuse alopecia).
If seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp tightened, the disease is able to progress.Needless peeling becomes more frequent, and flakes thicken.Able to join secondary infection in appearance resembles a honey-yellow crusts.Redness of the skin and flaking grows in size with erythroderma.In such a case requires obligatory medical control, and target additional inspections.
Seborrheic dermatitis on the face
for diseases characterized by skin rashes in the eyebrows, nasolabial folds.If in the process of skin age is added, then the facial seborrheic dermatitis flowing type blepharitis accession white scales, crusts and yellowish.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis on the face of a problem, not only aesthetic.Often, he is able to go in seborrheic eczema, and later in erythroderma with subsequent complications pyoderma.
Seborrheic dermatitis in children
often seborrheic dermatitis in children begins to show up to 6 months, and at the time of termination breastfeeds symptoms fade.Adult age has nothing to do with the appearance of seborrheic dermatitis in early childhood.The leading cause of illness in infants acts as a high content of hormones in breast milk.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis in children is clinically manifested in the form of a red rash with clear boundaries and diffuse lesions of the skin, expressed in cortical flakes.Vesicular rash erythematous-shelled kids, but they do not bother them itch, and sleep is maintained unchanged.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis in children have a favorable prognosis of treatment.Correction of power allows children to recover after a few months.However, if the rash does not disappear, it is necessary to differentiate the disease atopic dermatitis, which is expressed in a strong itch and recurrences.
Seborrheic dermatitis - treatment
How to get rid of seborrheic dermatitis?Local use causal treatment that includes anti-fungal drugs, which include miconazole and Nizoral.Noticed that thick flakes of antifungal drugs are not fully.So first use the application with vegetable oil or keratolytic ointments and then start therapy.
Throughout the period of treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of the skin, recommended shampoos, which is composed of zinc and keratolytic components.In case of failure of antifungal drugs used gormonosoderzhaschie ointment, but in complicated cases - antibacterial agents.You need to know that the use of medications without a doctor's prescription is not allowed.Since antibiotics, acting on all microflora, able to provoke pitirosporovyh fungi colonization, and prolonged use of hormones lead to atrophy of the epidermis.
incidence of seborrheic dermatitis tends to a constant growth and at the wrong treatment leads to baldness.Therefore, it is important to conduct a correct way of life and in a timely manner to carry out the correction of dandruff, seborrhea leading to as the beginning of the disease.
treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of the skin is focused primarily on eliminating the causes of the disease.It is important to normalize the digestive tract, liver, eliminate chronic diseases.Patients with cholecystitis recommended to drink water Essentuki number 4, 17, and from medications allohol after eating a duration of one month.Patients with a liquid (in bold) seborrheic dermatitis are recommended for the treatment of drugs calcium chloride, bromine, vitamins B, B2, tincture of Leonurus, valerian.
adult patients with dry seborrheic dermatitis with hormonal dysfunction prescribed for hormonal treatments.Effectively drink 3 month course of vitamin A to 20 drops three times a day.
Diet for seborrheic dermatitis
Proper nutrition when seborrheic dermatitis bail recovery.It is recommended in the diet systematically introduce boiled meat, vegetables, dairy products, fruits and foods rich in vitamins A, B, C, zinc and selenium.
Diet for seborrheic dermatitis excludes food chocolate, honey, sweets, sugar, candy, jam, spicy, and spicy food.
If the patient worried about constipation, the prescribed laxatives.Once it is recommended for use of anthelmintic drugs - levamisole, which has immunological action.
Diet for seborrheic dermatitis should be low-fat and exclude drinks that increase the secretion of sebum.
treatment of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp
the topical treatment of patients with seborrheic dermatitis bold rekomendovanoy wiping spirituous solutions with sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid.
well proven anti-seborrhoeic therapeutic mixture talker.For its preparation is necessary: Water - 100 ml, resorcinol - 0.5 grams, vinegar 9% - 3 ml of alcohol camphor - 10 ml 2.5% solution of potassium permanganate - a 50 ml Trichopolum - 3.0 grams of alcohol salicylic2% - 30 ml, Sodium tetraborate - 4 grams Dimexid - 20 ml alcohol camphor - 10 ml.
All mix and rub (with gloves) slowly into the hair roots.We hold 20 minutes, then wash off with water.This prevents the batter from clogging the pores and voids favorable sebum.
When attenuation of acute inflammatory processes with seborrheic dermatitis prescribe physiotherapy: darsonvalization and cryomassage.
Darsonvalization using high-frequency currents exposure dries the skin.With this fade quickly flakes and fresh epidermis acquires resistance to mechanical damage.On top of the high frequency currents are able to give a calming effect the nervous system, and this in turn will lead to normal levels of adrenaline and testosterone in the blood.
Cryomassage - a procedure in which the region of the head cools and calms inflamed skin, improves microcirculation and strengthens blood vessels of the scalp.
Seborrheic dermatitis - treatment of folk remedies
To alleviate the scalp is necessary to wet hair and skin cause the following composition: Distilled water - 100 ml olive oil - 5 grams, a pinch of citric acid, aloe juice - 20 ml, calendula tincture- 10 ml, beeswax - 5 grams, geranium oil - 0.3 grams balm "asterisk" 1 gram.
components together, melt and apply to damp hair.A mixture of color hold 40 minutes and to wash using baby soap and rinse alternately warm and cool water.
Often, treatment of folk remedies include the use of tea tree oil, which has an antifungal effect, however, limited to this tool is not necessary.Well proven herbal teas (knautia Field, oak bark, St. John's wort), giving the drying effect.They are used as lotions inflamed locations.With strong itching can use diluted lemon juice as rubdowns.We should not forget about the constant hygienic and very necessary skin care, however, not to use with the soap and other skin irritating agents.Aggravation of seborrheic dermatitis occurs due to lack of hygienic skin care, and growing a beard and mustache aggravating factors in favor of the pathological process.
Ultraviolet irradiation in small doses helps to achieve long-term effect of remission.Should pay attention to the clothes worn by the patient.Is it important to wear cotton clothing that reduce skin irritation.