June
06
23:01
Gynecology

Breast disease treatment and prevention

Mastopatia treatment and prevention

Mastopatia - (fibroadenomatosis, or fibrocystic breast disease) today perhaps one of the most common women's diseases.Breast disease is characterized by abnormal proliferative processes in tissues of the prostate.
the disease mainly affects women of childbearing age, according to the statistics it suffers from about fifty percent of the female population between 18 and 46 years

Causes

One of the main factors that lead to the development of mastitis is the so-called hormoneimbalance, which is associated with changes in the level of progesterone in the blood.In consequence of the lack of this hormone occurs proliferation of breast tissue and breast occurs.
Sometimes breast may develop due to an overabundance of the hormone prolactin, which is produced in large quantities during pregnancy and lactation for the formation of mother's milk.But there are cases where prolactin is secreted excessively beginning of pregnancy, which in itself is a disease and

therefore there is breast.
To develop mastitis may also cause these triggers :
- Hereditary predisposition
- Drinking alcohol and smoking
- inflammation and swelling of the ovaries
- Lack of iodine in the body
- Diseases of the adrenal and thyroid
- irregular sexual life
- Frequentabortion
- lack of delivery to thirty years
- W abolevaniya liver
- neuroses, stress and depression
- Mechanical injury breast

Diagnostics

- If your breasts become painful when touched
- There were seals, pellets under the skin and nipple discharge
- Palpation of lymph nodes in the armpit
- Palpation of the thyroid gland
- If necessary, appoint a mammogram.This x-ray of mammary glands, which takes 7-10 days after the onset of menstruation
- breast ultrasound, which allows to identify different education chest (cysts, fibroadenomas)
- If you suspect an oncology - appoint a biopsy
- Spend hormonal studies (check the level of estrogen and progesterone)

Treatment

mastitis is treated by surgery or medication.If in time to see a doctor, the disease can be stopped at an early stage

Medication

Hormone therapy is prescribed for the settlement cyclical changes in women.To that end recommend:

-Estrogen-progestin oral contraceptives (Jeanine, Marvelon) -Antiestrogeny (Tamoxifen, FARESTON)
-Gestageny (Duphaston, Utrozhestan)
-Ingibitory prolactin (Parlodel)
-Androgeny (methyltestosterone)

for non-hormonal treatment prescribed : immunomodulatory, antioxidant herbal drugs (Mastodinon), rich in iodine (Jodomarin, Iodine-asset) and vitamins A, E, C

Surgery

- When nodal mastopathy (fibroadenomas, cysts)

- In severe cases, resorted to a complete removal of the breast, replacing them with implants

Prevention disease of the breast

- self-breast
- regular sex life
- Pregnancy
- Childbirth
- Breast durable feeding
- Balanceddiet with iodine
- to choose the right size bra.

service physician recruitment is relevant only for the citizens of the Russian Federation