ovarian cyst - a benign pathological formation that occurs in the tissues of the ovary and is a cavity filled with liquid.The most common cyst is formed in women of childbearing age (30% of women experience this gynecological problems). Types of ovarian cysts : dermoid cyst of the corpus luteum, follicular, endometroidnaya and mucinous.And endometroidnaya mucinous and may eventually develop into a malignant tumor and spread to quite extensive areas.The most common so-called functional ovarian cysts that grow from the structure produced by the ovaries during ovulation.Such formations are in most cases do not require treatment, as are formed, and subsequently resorbed (two - three menstrual cycles) asymptomatic
brush - causes of
main causes of ovarian cysts: genetic and hormonal disruptions, abortion, hypothyroidism, follikulogeneznyeand endocrine disorders.Girls and young women may develop a cyst due to the influence of both external factors (heavy professional and living c
Symptoms of ovarian cysts
appear discomfort in the abdomen, manifested aching dull pain radiating to the lower back and rectum.Lengthened or shortened intermenstrual interval, due to malfunctioning of the ovaries occurs inability to become pregnant.In the case of rupture the capsule cysts, a strong cutting pain in the lower abdomen, and at its festering body temperature rises to 39 * C.In cases where a leg twisted cyst (happens quite often), there is a painful pressure on the intestines accompanied by violation of the chair and nausea.In cases of a significant increase in tumor puts pressure on the bladder, resulting in impaired urination.
also need to know that in some cases the disease develops without symptoms, so it is important to regularly set aside time to visit the gynecologist and do ultrasound examination of small pelvis
diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cysts
- visual gynecological examinationincluding probing and superficial examination of the genital organs
- Computed tomography and ultrasonography
- Pregnancy test
- Puncture vagina
- The general analysis of blood and urine
- Assaydetecting the presence of tumor markers - antibodies
Treatment of ovarian cysts appointed strictly individually, based on the results obtained after the diagnosis, and is held as the surgically and medically.
In case of small asymptomatic cysts, treatment is delayed for 2 - 3 menstrual cycle, thereby allowing neoplastic yourself disappear.
When the corpus luteum cyst or follicular cyst is assigned to drug treatment, including the use of hormonal drugs (contraceptives), promotes the resorption of these tumors.If necessary, the use of combination therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs added to the reception.If within 2 - 3 menstrual cycles resorption of tumors did not happen - is assigned to surgical treatment
Laparoscopy is the most common method of surgical treatment of ovarian cysts, which allows you to save the genitals (achieved through the use of unique surgical instruments: the capsule of the tumor is removed with minimal trauma to healthyovarian tissue).Because of this a woman can still get pregnant and have a baby in the latter
Prevention Early treatment of any inflammatory processes developing in the pelvic organs.Maintaining a regular menstrual cycle.If possible, avoid poisoning, trauma, nicotine and alcohol.