cystoma ovary - mucinous or serous epithelial benign tumor, is a capsule, the cavity is filled with liquid.Cystoma in origin divided into primary (developed directly from the tissues of the ovary) and secondary (formed as a result of metastasis).Adrift cystoma to distinguish: benign and malignant proliferating
Originally cystoma must be differentiated from ovarian cysts.Their differences lie in the fact that the shell cystoma epithelial, producing its own secret (which is its contents) and are able to grow;and cysts connective, whereby it does not increase but simply stretched out - of the accumulated liquid therein, so very slowly (unlike cystoma) becomes large.
teratoma or dermoid ovarian cyst (a cyst filled with one-fat and hair) is formed as a result of defects or genetic disorders of embryonic tissue.Complaints patients (aged 20 to 40 years) begin to appear only after the tumor large enough
In most cases, small cystoma asymptoma
main methods of detection of cysts is pelvic ultrasound and regular gynecological examination.In the case of the need to clarify the nature of tumor formation and its differentiation from malignant ovarian tumors - is cystoma puncture.In cases where there is reasonable clinical doubt that the tumor is benign - held diagnostic laparoscopy, which gives 100% correct result.As additional methods of diagnosis used magnetic - resonance therapy and computed tomography.Malignant process as determined by the presence in the blood of tumor marker CA - 125
Regardless of the type of tumor - treating only operative, as there is a danger of transition cystoma from benign to malignant (statistically in eight out of tencases).At the moment, in most cases, surgery is performed laparoscopically .Operation is also important to avoid twisting the legs of the tumor, which can occur during physical stress, heavy lifting, or as a result of sudden movements.
addition to surgical treatment at the border and malignant tumors of the applied chemotherapy drugs: BenzoTEF, Thiotepa, and so on. When you select a particular drug for chemotherapy criteria: weight of the patient, the state of his circulatory system, overall health, type cystoma and so forth.
Moreone treatment for ovarian cystoma is radiation therapy, used in preventive purposes, and for the elimination of residual tumor after surgery.Also, in the first days after surgery with the use of hormone therapy is used androgen drugs, which lasts long enough.
forecast future life in a timely manner of the operation is quite favorable.