June
04
23:01
Gynecology

Cystoma ovary

cystoma ovarian

cystoma ovary cystoma ovary - mucinous or serous epithelial benign tumor, is a capsule, the cavity is filled with liquid.Cystoma in origin divided into primary (developed directly from the tissues of the ovary) and secondary (formed as a result of metastasis).Adrift cystoma to distinguish: benign and malignant proliferating

Causes

Originally cystoma must be differentiated from ovarian cysts.Their differences lie in the fact that the shell cystoma epithelial, producing its own secret (which is its contents) and are able to grow;and cysts connective, whereby it does not increase but simply stretched out - of the accumulated liquid therein, so very slowly (unlike cystoma) becomes large.

teratoma or dermoid ovarian cyst (a cyst filled with one-fat and hair) is formed as a result of defects or genetic disorders of embryonic tissue.Complaints patients (aged 20 to 40 years) begin to appear only after the tumor large enough

Clinical manifestations

In most cases, small cystoma asymptoma

tic and are often discovered by chance during a planned gynecological examination or pelvic ultrasound.Very rarely bother small dull pain in the lower abdomen.As the cystoma in size, begin to experience pain in the abdomen, constipation and there are scant / frequent urination, which is directly related to tumor compression of adjacent organs.Common symptoms cystadenoma is ascites (from - the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is observed symmetrical increase in the abdomen).If cystoma reached a very large size - there is an asymmetry of the abdomen.Infrequently there may be irregular menstruation or uterine bleeding

Diagnostics

main methods of detection of cysts is pelvic ultrasound and regular gynecological examination.In the case of the need to clarify the nature of tumor formation and its differentiation from malignant ovarian tumors - is cystoma puncture.In cases where there is reasonable clinical doubt that the tumor is benign - held diagnostic laparoscopy, which gives 100% correct result.As additional methods of diagnosis used magnetic - resonance therapy and computed tomography.Malignant process as determined by the presence in the blood of tumor marker CA - 125

Treatment cystoma

Regardless of the type of tumor - treating only operative, as there is a danger of transition cystoma from benign to malignant (statistically in eight out of tencases).At the moment, in most cases, surgery is performed laparoscopically cystoma ovary.Operation is also important to avoid twisting the legs of the tumor, which can occur during physical stress, heavy lifting, or as a result of sudden movements.

addition to surgical treatment at the border and malignant tumors of the applied chemotherapy drugs: BenzoTEF, Thiotepa, and so on. When you select a particular drug for chemotherapy criteria: weight of the patient, the state of his circulatory system, overall health, type cystoma and so forth.

Moreone treatment for ovarian cystoma is radiation therapy, used in preventive purposes, and for the elimination of residual tumor after surgery.Also, in the first days after surgery with the use of hormone therapy is used androgen drugs, which lasts long enough.

forecast future life in a timely manner of the operation is quite favorable.

service physician recruitment is relevant only for the citizens of the Russian Federation

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