June
04
23:01
Gynecology

Oophoritis (inflammation of the ovaries)

Oophoritis (inflammation of the ovaries)

oophoritis Oophoritis - inflammation of the pair of female reproductive glands (ovaries), which in most cases reported to run concurrently with salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes) may be one / two-way and flowacute / chronic forms.

inflammation of the ovaries can be both non-specific nature (called conditional - pathogenic microorganisms: Candida, E. coli, streptococci, staphylococci, etc..) And specific (cause is the causative agent of tuberculosis, mycoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea andchlamydia).Also can provoke oophoritis: childbirth, menstruation, abortion, surgical or diagnostic manipulations on the genitals and hypothermia.

most often develops inflammation of the ovaries and is triggered by the second ascent of infection of the fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix.Much less pathogens triggers this inflammation penetrate the sex glands via the lymph (eg, tuberculosis) and blood.

When Oophoritis infectious process gradually extends

from the uterus to the fallopian tubes, first affecting the mucous membrane, and then the serous and muscular layers.Fallopian tubes lengthened, thickened, inflammation leads to the formation of adhesions inside and pus.Then, ovarian tissue, pus under the influence of the fallopian tubes are melted and the soldering occurs inflammatory - modified ovary and fallopian tube.Cases of possible spread of pathological changes in the ovaries of the surrounding peritoneum.The inflammatory process in the ovaries can develop acute, subacute and chronic

Symptoms oophoritis

main symptoms indicating the possibility of the occurrence of the initial stage of the disease are: the emergence of pain in the abdomen, urinary disorders, pain during intercourse, the appearance of abundant purulent cablesbleeding between periods, fever and malaise.If sexual stalls in the past has been gonococcal infection - it is mandatory to be examined as gonorrhea in the female body a sufficiently long period of time may be asymptomatic, quietly leading to very serious complications

Treatment

Tactics of treatmentoophoritis depends on the etiology of the inflammatory stage of the process and the patient's individual tolerance to different medicines.In acute diseases during treatment is carried out in the hospital: appointed reception sulfonamides, antibiotics, analgesics, calcium chloride;in the first few days of ice is applied on the lower abdomen.In subacute stage appointed physiotherapy (local quartz, etc.).In the chronic stage of the disease shows almost all kinds of spa treatment and physiotherapy.

parallel appointed complex vitamins and fortifying medication.If necessary, the appointed procedures and remedies to eliminate toxicity.In the case of abscess, medical treatment does not always produce the desired results, then resort to surgical removal of the ovaries.

In conclusion I would like to add that self-oophoritis - inadmissible, since in most cases this leads to a transition of the disease into a chronic condition, as well as to the emergence of a variety of complications and irreversible processes, leading eventually to the inevitable surgery.

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