Microbial eczema is an inflammatory skin disease is not contagious, prone to chronic course.The term eczema has long been known to people for a long time but the disease itself confused and refer to various acute dermatoses.The pathogenesis of the disease and its etiology is currently being studied.Microbial eczema in humans might arise due to weakening of the immune system and penetration into the body of microorganisms (streptococci, staphylococci). often referred to as its piokokovoy infection.
Microbial eczema causes
flow of microbial eczema can be caused by allergic or hereditary factors as well as the ability to develop as a result of exogenous or endogenous causes.The basis of genetic predisposition and allergic immune chromosomal factor is set, which is responsible for hereditary branch of the future generation.The presence of chronic purulent lesions on the skin and provokes microbial eczema and it appears around the wounds, scratches, trophic ulcers, fistulas an
Often patients with microbial eczema has a reduced number of T-cells and T-lymphocytes, has a pronounced disgammaglobulineniya, means the excess blood content of IgE, IgG elements and IgM deficiency.
If patients are infectious stimuli accumulated allergens, the microbial eczema becomes chronic flow.The skin then becomes susceptible to recurrent inflammation in the epidermis and dermis.
Microbial eczema symptoms
Clinical manifestations of the disease are as follows: large, pronounced foci, which are covered with thick yellow-green peel.These centers are marked clearly and sharply limited.For papulovezikul tend Moisture and suppuration.The location of these foci surrounded by epidermal whisk with vibrant scalloped outlines and pink rim.
Outbreaks have a feature asymmetrically to grow without visible layers in a continuous area of healthy skin.Rash accompanied by the annoying itching and frequent exacerbations.
Dry microbial eczema affects the skin krupnoplastinchatymi scales, having the ability to be easily removed and leaves the skin shiny and dry, with a slight reddening.A wrongly imposed gypsum or irrationally treated the wound with iodine can lead to eczema paratravmaticheskoy.
One variety of microbial eczema appears patchy or coin-like eczema, which is characterized by the formation of limited lesions on the skin, reaching up to 3 cm. This species is characterized by swelling, Moisture, layering seropurulent crusts.Microbial eczema often affects the hands and sometimes is able to spread to large areas of skin.
Improper treatment of the disease is accompanied by a secondary reaction, which manifests itself in the form of allergic rashes and vesicles, erythematous spots seropapul.Merging, they form a huge number of sites that get wet and become erosion.
Microbial eczema types
are the following types of microbial eczema: mycotic, varicose, paratravmaticheskaya.
Mycotic microbial eczema is a result of problems encountered in the presence of fungal infection of the nails and skin.
Varicose microbial eczema occurs due to varicose veins in the lower extremities.Paratravmaticheskaya form develops at the site of the old and long-term healing wounds.
Microbial eczema on his legs occurs in areas of burns, healing wounds, calluses, and in contact with bacteria or fungi.The disease is able to complicate the flow of another embodiment eczema.For microbial eczema on his legs characterized by the appearance of purulent vesicles, leaving after opening itchy, and painful erosion.
Eczema on the feet include the following treatment: folk remedies, the use of antibacterial, antiseptic, antifungal drugs.Means in the form of a lotion is applied to the damaged areas, ointments used to soften the skin, and intravenous or intramuscular injection is used to reduce inflammation legs.
Folk medicine recommends eczema on his legs to anesthetize gruel of leaves mother and stepmother, or lubricate the p-rum creolin;egg with water, vinegar;Kalanchoe juice;sour cream with copper sulfate.Effective warm baths with p-rum sea salt and broth into taking hawthorn, motherwort, valerian.
diagnosis of microbial eczema involves special techniques (histological and bacteriological examination) can diagnose the presence of microbial eczema mycotic cells.
exact diagnosis is a doctor, after having studied the clinical manifestations of mycotic eczema, as well as the presence of a history of fungal infections, non-healing of abrasions, scratches, expanding from the veins in the lower extremities.
Microbial eczema treatment
number of microbial eczema ill every year is growing rapidly.After the diagnosis, it is important to eliminate possible triggers, which include psychological stress, nervous stress, use of drugs, and the impact of allergic factors.
How to treat eczema microbial?
Your doctor will apply the allergen therapy, which includes antihistamines and sedatives.
intake of various vitamins will solve the problem with the activation of cell regeneration.Hemodialysis and similar methods of cleaning the body have an important role in treatment.Severe disease is treated by conventional therapy with drugs and glucocorticoid hydrocortisone ointment.These funds are good enough cropped relapse.In certain cases, a maintenance vitamin C and intramuscularly.After removal of the acute phase and relief process should be applied to the exposure of the affected skin with ultraviolet light treatment.To consolidate the success of the treatment applied mud.Protect your skin from the effects of frost, snow, sun, rain, and cover them with aseptic dressings.
For topical treatment prescribed retinoic ointment keratolytic properties that also have antiseptic, antipruritic and anti-inflammatory effect.Well proven different powder, neutral ointments and talkers.
Favorable effect has undiluted fish oil used as a lotion for three days.Good antiseptic lotions reduce inflammation with a solution of silver nitrate, boric acid or resorcinol.In some cases, the doctor recommends an antibiotic ointment until the infection subsides.It is very important at this time to comply with milk-vegetable diet and hypoallergenic.Preference is given to boiled, young and lean meat, vegetables, porridge, fruit, juice.Eliminate alcohol, sweets, canned food, citrus, pickles.Eat slowly and do not overeat.From clothes to give preference to natural fabrics, but of wool and synthetics should be avoided.It is very important at the first signs of microbial eczema seek timely help from professionals.