Hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism) - a syndrome caused by hyperthyroidism, resulting in increased levels of thyroid hormone (thyroxine, triiodothyronine).According to statistics, women suffer from this disease more often than men.
In most cases, the disease is caused by the presence of a person of any - or thyroid disease (nodular / multinodular goiter, Graves' disease, acute thyroiditis).Excessive intake of thyroid hormones may also cause the development of hyperthyroidism.In exceptional cases, the cause of this disease may be diseases of other organs (ovarian teratoma, a tumor of the pituitary gland)
Regardless of the cause of hyperthyroidism, all the processes taking place in the human body are accelerated.The main symptoms of the disease include:
- Frequent headaches
- Increased total body temperature
- increased blood pressure
- quickens the heartbeat (may develop arrhythmias)
- Due to sweating skin becomes wet
- There is a weakness and fatig
- There is a fine hand tremor
- Hyperpigmentation and swelling of the eyelids
- Bulging eyeballs (exophthalmos)
- Despite increased appetite, there is weight loss
- Tendency to diarrhea
- Sleep disorders
respiratory system, under the influence of this disease is also beginning to falter (reduced vital capacity, there is shortness of breath).In patients experiencing frequent copious.In men, reduced potency and increases the breasts in women often disrupted menstrual cycle.
These characteristic symptoms of hyperthyroidism, the elderly may not be (disguised hyperthyroidism).In patients experiencing drowsiness, weakness, they become inhibited, may cause depression.However, cardiac disorders in the elderly are much more likely than younger ones.
diagnosis of hyperthyroidism is set based on a visual inspection and results of a blood test by which you can determine how much is actually thyroid hormone produces thyroid
Today, there are three methods of treatment of hyperthyroidism: conservative treatment, surgical treatment, andradioactive iodine treatment.Selecting a specific type of treatment depends on the cause of the disease, the patient's age, the amount of thyroid hormone produced and some other factors.Sometimes you need a combination of treatments.
the basis of conservative treatment is the use of antithyroid drugs that reduce the excess production of thyroid hormones.
Surgical treatment of hyperthyroidism is used in a certain area sprawl cancer, or when a single node, and involves the removal with the help of the operation of the thyroid gland.
radioactive iodine treatment is to receive an aqueous solution or capsule containing radioactive iodine (take medication only once).After entering the patient's body, the medicine together with the blood fairly rapidly reaches only those thyroid cells that developed the highest activity.Thereafter, for several weeks, drug damages the cells, causing the accumulation of the drug.Through this method decreases the size of the gland and reduces the production of hormones.
Radioactive iodine should not be used: in pregnancy (or wish to get pregnant for six months after the end of treatment), during breast-feeding, as well as under the age of 20 years.