August
12
20:06
ENT disease

Symptoms and treatment of sinusitis

symptoms and treatment of sinusitis

free nasal breathing is a natural process of human life.The air passes through the nose is enriched by nitrogen oxide, through which light is better to saturate the blood with oxygen.With the loss of opportunity to breathe through the nose, a man instinctively begins to breathe through the mouth, which leads to the development of inflammation of the respiratory mucosa, pharynx and larynx overdrying. This leads to the development of diseases such as pharyngitis, bronchitis and laryngitis.Perhaps the most frequent disease that causes inability to nasal breathing - it

sinusitis Sinusitis - is acute inflammation of the nasal sinuses, requiring professional quality treatment.As a result of swelling of the mucous membrane overlaps the exhaust opening of the sinuses, it is the accumulation of mucus which begins the development of bacteria causing the disease.In addition to mucus in the sinuses is formed pus and they collectively put pressure on the walls of the n

ose, causing severe pain.Produced by microbial toxins enter the body of the sick person, causing the typical symptoms of intoxication - temperature, headache and malaise

Symptoms

The main symptom of this disease is constantly stuffy nose, leading to a partial change of voice and loss of smell.It is also possible purulent discharge yellow or green color, which have persistent bad breath.
Headache has no clear localization in a certain place, and is often perceived as an ordinary headache, though sometimes with a dedication in the area of ​​the upper jaw.Also, quite often the patient is swelling of the cheeks and centuries arose from inflammation.Sinusitis leading to distraction, insomnia and weakness.It is also possible to raise the body temperature to 38 - 40 degrees in the acute course of the disease

Causes

of inflammation sinus nasal cavity contribute to the following factors:
- Adverse environmental conditions
- Anatomical changes in the nasal cavities (usually congenital)
- Various allergies
- The growth in the nasal passages of foreign entities (polyps, tumors, etc.)
- The weakening of the immune system, usually in acute infections

complications and consequences

Perhaps the most dangerous complication that can becaused by chronic purulent sinusitis - a meningitis (inflammation of the cerebral cortex).It is also quite likely to develop diseases such as - hypertension, renal and myocarditis, there are a variety of neurological disorders and other serious diseases.Therefore it is necessary to remember that failure to appeal to a qualified doctor can cause serious complications of sufficient

Treatment

Since the causes of sinusitis highly individual, the rate and direction of treatment are caused in relation to each particular case.
But above all, the treatment of sinusitis is aimed at ensuring the outflow of mucus from the sinuses and the removal of edema nasal mucosa
Treatment of sinusitis:
Medication - which is based on the mandatory use of sprays, inhalers, nasal drops and so forth. The passage of physiotherapyprocedures and reception antihistamines and antibiotics.
Nasal lavage - aimed at removing accumulated mucus in the nasal cavity with germs and allergens and dust.Thanks to a special technique washes, not only decreases inflammation and concomitant swelling, but also increases the protective properties of the membranes of the nasal cavity.
Surgical treatment of sinusitis - so-called puncture (puncture of maxillary sinuses) is used in very advanced cases.Puncture is done for pumping from the axils of pus and then entering them drugs, stop inflammation.This method though is quite painful, but the treatment with it is considered very effective

main thing you need to understand that a timely appeal to the otolaryngologist at the first suspicion of sinusitis can help avoid surgery and procedures are limited to washing and medication.

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1. nasal septal hematoma

2. atresia and nasal synechia

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