May
01
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ENT disease

Eustachian

Eustace

evstahiit Eustace - acute or chronic inflammation of the auditory (eustachian) tube, in which the result of violation of the ventilation of the middle ear there is a significant hearing loss.In most cases the disease is viewed as the initial step catarrhalis otitis. Eustace is closely linked to the pathology of the tympanic cavity of the - of what the terms are often used, combining both of these diseases: tubo-otitis / salpingootit.

evstahiit In most cases, is caused by movement of the inflammatory process from the throat or nasal cavity (with tonsillitis, pharyngitis and chronic rhinitis) in the lining of the auditory tube.Eustace distinguish both chronic and acute.

Acute evstahiit

characterized by a feeling of heaviness in the head, tinnitus, nasal one / both ears.When tilting / head movements the feeling of iridescent fluid in the ear.As the disease may be accompanied by syringmus (resonance of his own voice in the ear).Typically, this form of the disease is an infectious cause (pneumoco

cci, staphylococci, streptococci, etc..), Emerged against the background of reduced immunity of upper respiratory tract.Another important cause of evstahiita may become impaired nasal breathing, which arose as a result of diseases and tumors of the paranasal sinuses, polyps and adenoids.In the absence of adequate treatment, an acute form becomes chronic

Chronic evstahiit

In this form there is a steady narrowing of the Eustachian tube, which is accompanied by a change in (retraction) of the eardrum and significant short ridge protruding hammer.Seriously disturbed patency of the Eustachian tube, the walls of her narrow, and symptoms begin be permanent.As the progression of chronic evstahiita, the formation of such complications as otitis media (adhesive otitis media)

Symptoms

acute form:

- Nasal one or simultaneously both ears

- The feeling of heaviness in the head

- syringmus,noise in the ear / ears

- When pan / tilt head in the ear there is a sense of shimmering liquid

Chronic:

- Persistent violation of the auditory activity

- narrowing of the eustachian tube

- in limited areas of redness

- Deformation (retraction) of the eardrum

Treatment

order to reduce the swelling of the mucous membrane appointed antihistamines (Claritin, gismanal, suprastin) and vasoconstrictor nasal drops (tizin, Sanorin, Naphthyzinum etc.).To prevent casting infected mucus on the auditory tube from the nasopharynx to the tympanic cavity - the patient is warned against too vigorous blowing your nose.Elimination of the inflammatory process, the normalization of hearing and restoration of patency of the Eustachian tube is achieved most successfully in the acute form evstahiita, while the chronic form requires a more complex and long-term treatment, in which the addition of immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory therapy, you must use special procedures such as the pneumomassage and blowing ear.

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