ENT disease



adenoidy1 adenoids (adenoid vegetations) - pathological hyperplasia (razraschenie) lymphoid tissue, which forms the basis of nasopharyngeal tonsils.These formations are both alone and combined with increased palatine tonsils.Most often, the adenoids are found in children between the ages of three to ten years (and perhaps their appearance at an early age, and at the end of puberty). of the disease contribute to repetitive microbial and viral inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, as well as those children's infectious diseases as diphtheria, measles and scarlet fever .Also causes of the adenoids may become immunodeficiency states, tendency to allergic reactions and hereditary factor

flow and symptoms

Starts abundantly stand mucous secretion which fills nasal passages and drains into the nasopharynx, disturbed nasal respiration, inflamed and swollen nasal mucosa.Due to the difficulty of nasal breathing in children is disrupted normal sleep (may be accompanied by loud snoring), br

eathing is performed through the mouth, it is observed in the behavior of apathy and lethargy.Weakened memory, attention, distorted speech (voice appears nasal tone).Because - because the adenoids cover the pharyngeal opening of the auditory (Eustachian) tubes - interferes with the normal ventilation of the middle ear, leading to hearing loss (sometimes quite substantial).Due to the difficulty of outflow from the brain of blood and lymph arise frequent headaches.

At the advanced stage of the disease

nasolabial folds are smoothed out, the mouth is always open, lower jaw droops, facial expression becomes maloosmyslennym, from the corners of the mouth follows the saliva.The baby's face takes specific expression that has received such titles as "adenoidism" or "adenoid face".From - the constant breathing through the mouth is deformed facial skull (high palate, malocclusion), possible chest deformity (becomes sunken and flattened).The reduced blood hemoglobin and red blood cell count, impaired ventilation.adenoids develops anemia, bedwetting occurs, violated the adequacy of the digestive tract, there are asthma attacks and coughing fits.Along with a constant runny nose and nasal congestion, there is laying and pain in the ears, a feeling of burning and dryness in the nose and throat.Cervical, occipital and submandibular lymph nodes are enlarged and painful on palpation.

The magnitude of the adenoids are divided into three levels:

first degree - small, close 1/3 opener
second degree - medium size, close 2/3 opener
third degree - large, cover almost all (or all) opener


Today in the arsenal of doctors is only one fairly effective treatment for adenoids - is adenotomy (surgical removal of the adenoids).Surgery should be performed as soon as possible, but only when indicated to him (not so much the value of the formations, encountered many changes in the body).

Children who are prone to allergic reactions and possibly the adenoids recurrence after surgical treatment.In such cases adenotomija spent against desensitizing therapy.

More articles on the topic:

1. Labyrinthitis 2. Eustace

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