Periostitis jaw (inflammation of the periosteum) - an inflammatory process that develops as a complication of diseases of periodontal tissues and teeth, the center of inflammation in the periosteum.Danger periodontitis is that the inflammatory process can evolve almost imperceptibly and hit first, inner, and after, and the outer layer of the periosteum
causes of periostitis jaw
most common source of infection in the jaw are bad teeth, so untimely treatment of inflammatorydental diseases, in most cases leads to a shift of infection on the jaw.Much less pathogens fall into the jaws of the wounds (infected with the extensive wounds of soft tissues or in open fractures of the jaws).And very rarely gets an infection in the jaw through the lymphatic and blood vessels from other inflammatory lesions (with tonsillitis and other infectious diseases).
In most cases, abscess jaw develops as a complication after tooth removal, or as a complication of periodontitis, especially if it
Symptoms of periodontitis jaw
Some sick tooth there is rapidly increasing swelling of the gums, which is accompanied by a sufficiently strong constant pain.Under the periosteum, the affected area is gradually formed an abscess (abscess).Develops swelling of the lips, cheeks, suborbital or submandibular region (depending on the location of the patient's tooth).Increased total body temperature to 38 * C, the pain starts to spread into the ear, eye, head.In some cases, because of an abscess pus comes out very quickly, worked his fistulous course through the gum.At the same time inflammation subsides, but is not fully reversible and after a certain period of time to be reactivated.In the case of an unfavorable course of periodontitis, pus apply to soft admaxillary tissue, thereby causing them to diffuse inflammation (cellulitis);or affects the bone of the jaw, leading to osteomyelitis (purulent inflammation of bone)
to treat periodontitis jaw complex therapy, which includes the medication and physical therapy combined with surgery.For successful tissue anesthesia when performing, used infiltration and regional anesthesia.Surgical incision is made in the periostitis length from 1.5 to 2.5 cm, while dissecting the mucosa and periosteum the entire depth of tissue to the bone.For a free outflow of pus, and to prevent the bonding edges of the wound, the cut by one - two days introduced a thin drainage made of polyethylene film or surgical gloves.Simultaneously with the opening of the hearth festering, causal tooth removal is carried out, as its continued existence is considered inappropriate.
after surgery, the patient is prescribed oral rinse with warm p - rum baking soda (1 ch. L. 200 ml of water), or a weak p - rum potassium permanganate (1: 3000).
To reduce pain recommend taking pain medication (prescribed by a doctor) and the bubble attachment with cold water or ice.Meals should be nutritious and very soft food or liquid.It is also recommended to drink plenty of liquids and vitamins (especially vitamin C).