May
11
23:01
Psychiatry

Psychoorganic syndrome

Psychoorganic syndrome

Psychoorganic syndrome Psychoorganic syndrome (organic psychosyndrome) - a mental disorder caused by organic brain damage, which is accompanied by a decrease in intellectual abilities, memory impairment and affective disorders.In all clinical, psycho-organic syndrome has its own specifics, it's a violation of emotional - volitional sphere of human rights.This syndrome occurs at any age, but most commonly it affects persons elderly

Causes

The disease occurs when vascular disease and atrophic processes of the brain, as a result of various lesions of the central nervous system, head - brain injuries, syphilis, encephalitis, due to chronic metabolic disorders and various intoxications, abscesses and tumors of the brain

Manifestations

First of all, breach of patient intelligence manifested in the reduction of criticism in the evaluation of others and self-esteem.For example, the patient quite correctly assesses the good and bad, but in relation to others is often wrongly expressed, mak

es tactless actions without realizing it.To varying degrees, it begins to deteriorate the ability to acquire new knowledge;the quality and amount of knowledge obtained in the past greatly reduced;limited range of interests.Deteriorating speech (simplified structure of sentences reduced vocabulary), the patient begins to increasingly use auxiliary words and word patterns;in conversation it becomes unable to identify the most important and easily distracted by minor details, getting stuck on them.Thinking becomes one-sided, conservative, which together with a modified environmental assessment leading to a violation of the patient's ability to cover the whole situation.Deteriorating storing current events, reduced ability to save the perceived.

disorders affect in most cases appear blithely - benign or low mood, often there is a change of that depends on external circumstances, but can be spontaneous.In cases where a change of mood occurs abruptly, the patient at short intervals appear tearful, resentment;depressive statements easily exchangeable carefree high spirits;unfounded optimism and "Tenderness", which are accompanied by the appropriate facial expressions;enhancement - foolish mood.In all of this, a person can be as raising compliant and suggestible and extremely stubborn.

Psychoorganic syndrome can occur gradually (chronic form) or acute (after undergoing head - brain injury, acute asphyxia, stroke).

Mild manifestations of the disease include: exhaustion, irritability, fatigue, memory impairment, and a minor criticism, slight narrowing of the range of interests.

to severe manifestations include: the decay of memory, lack of individual character traits and emotional, gross violations of intelligence.

Due to the influence of other harmful effects (toxicity of various origins, infectious and somatic diseases) in most patients with a distinct syndrome may occur psychoorganic state stupefaction (in the form of delirium or stun).After the trauma may experience reactive depression

Treatment Treatment of the syndrome complex, and is aimed at the underlying disease.Recommended therapeutic measures: anti inflammatory, Dehydration, and absorbable psychopharmacological therapy, in combination with psychotherapy.To remove the symptoms of neurosis, to improve sleep and appetite, to enhance focus and mental performance used hypnotherapy (or other types of suggestive psychotherapy).Also, have a positive effect of vitamin therapy courses and nootropics.

More articles on the topic:

1. manic - depressive psychosis

2. catatonic syndromes

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