deprivation - this particular mental state achieved by denying or limiting, in which acute lack of satisfaction of personal needs.In sociology, applied the concept of absolute and relative deprivation, and social psychology, applied the concept of relative deprivation and frustration.
absolute deprivation - it is impossible for a person as well as for the social group meet their basic needs due to lack of access to material goods and social resources.For example, to housing, food, education, medicine.
By relative deprivation refers to the perceived and painfully mismatch value expected (living conditions and benefits that, according to the people they put in all fairness), and valuable opportunities (living conditions and benefits that can be obtained in reality).
Deprivation of frustration characterized in that the earlier a person possessed by what is now deprived.For example, wealth, communication, travel.When frustration man was well familiar presence in his life, respect,
deprivation directly affects aggression.Himself vector aggression may be directed to the object that generates relative deprivation (the rich), or else on random objects (slaves, animals, objects).It is possible that the vector and aggression will be directed inwards, at the person experiencing deprivation.
Externally, this is expressed or suicide or in self-harm in the form of damage (cuts veins, injury of other parts of the body), but without a specific purpose of suicide.Chance and a form of aggression, which is expressed in a latent form autoaggression manifested as endogenous depression or neurotic depression, somatic diseases, smoking, alcoholism and stay in hangovers, addiction.
If we consider the problem of deprivation in terms of medicine and psychology, then the person in the first place is often out aggression turns into somatic illness.
If a person is deprived or limited opportunities to vent their aggression on the offender - kill him or break if you can not drink alcohol and smoke a plenty, or moral inner taboo prevents so defiant message, the aggression will change the vector and the rush to the personinside.Causing changes in the autonomic nervous system, thereby provoking psychosomatic illnesses.Initially, there is irritability, conflict, insomnia, chronic fatigue, hypotension, subdepression, depression, hypertension, neurosis, psychosis, heart attack, stroke, asthma, miscarriage, premature birth, lethargy and so on.In ill affects smooth bodies with parasympathetic innervation.
When connecting external factors such as sports, tempering with cold water, the appearance of life stress - wars, earthquakes, include coping mechanisms and are disabled as a consequence of deprivation mechanisms, as well as aggression.
Despite the diversity of deprivations they are very similar to each other psychologically.This is manifested in increased anxiety, a deep sense of dissatisfaction with themselves, their lives, people who fear increased.These conditions are expressed in the loss of vitality, sustained depressed mood, outbursts of unwarranted aggression.
However, we must remember that in every case the degree of damage varies deprivation.Everything depends on the correlation of the following factors:
• stability of a particular individual, the experience out of deprivation, the ability to withstand the situation - the degree of psychological tempered
• capacity, stiffness, a measure of deprivation impacts
partial restrictions meet one of the requirements at the time of deprivation, is notterrible in its consequences than when a person falls into a prolonged or complete impossibility of satisfying their needs.
And yet, even with the unidirectional impact of deprivation tight, it is possible to weaken by a person other needs
Psychology distinguishes these types of deprivation: motor, sensory, and social parent.
for motor deprivation characterized by severely restricting the movements caused by, for example, illness, personal injury, or forced conditions that lead to chronic inactivity.
Motor deprivation leads to psychological strain and its often and hardly inferior and superior physiological abnormalities caused by disease or injury.
Sensory deprivation occurs because sensory deprivation and is the inability to satisfy the demand for experiences related to the restriction of visual, tactile, auditory, olfactory and other incentives.
Deprivation arises on the one hand individual physical disabilities, and the other circumstances of extreme life of the subject, which prevent sensory saturation.Particular importance should be given to maternal deprivation - hospitalism.This syndrome of backwardness of physical and mental that occurs in the early years of baby's life due to the lack of communication with adults, in this case the mother.
are the following types of insulation: forced, forced, voluntary and forced, voluntary.
When forced isolation happening isolation from the social environment due to unfortunate circumstances (the collapse of the ship - a desert island, lost in the forest expedition).If seclusion society deliberately contrary to the will of the people puts them in a closed group (convicts in prisons, remand in custody, patients undergoing compulsory treatment for drug addiction, alcoholism, drug abuse, STI diseases).But there are private groups, where membership does not include infringement of rights.For example, conscripts, boarding schools, orphanages, children's homes.When voluntary-forced or voluntary-compulsory isolation sharply limited contacts with the outside world (professional institutionalization elite areas - sports boarding schools, Suvorov and Nakhimov schools).For voluntary isolation characteristic own desire to join the closed group and it is not directly caused by the demands of society.These include monks, sectarians, hermits, to move to the most remote places.For such people, alienation from society and break all bonds is seen as a necessary condition to maintain their identity.At the same time social exclusion still does not mean fatal social deprivation.It happens that the voluntary-voluntary or involuntary and voluntary-compulsory isolation is formed internally rich, mature, persistent person and there are no manifestations of deprivation.
consequences of motor and sensory deprivation can be successfully compensated through sublimation in the works, the development of medicine, distribution of Internet technologies, but maternal deprivation is a psycho-social problem: there is an infringement of personality formation in the mental and intellectual development.
noticed that the earlier age came deprivation, the more severe its pathology.
for young children characterized by the predominance of disorders in the emotional-volitional sphere inherent lag in mental development in violation of expressive speech.Very often, unlike the children of the families, revealed signs of depression and deprivation deprivation phenomenon of false autism.
maternal deprivation significantly increases the probability of the risk of social deprivation in the future.This is due to a pronounced tendency to self-isolation and the inability to establish full social contacts.
As part of the professional activity of the practical psychologist is necessary to diagnose the nature and extent of deprivation;continue to try to determine the effects of such a situation for the group and personal development, and then build a correctional program, and a program of support out of the deprivation of the person or group
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