April
27
23:00
Paediatrics

Allergic diathesis

allergic diathesis

Allergic diathesis allergic diathesis - one of the most common diseases of children aged three - six months, which is caused by the body's susceptibility to allergic and inflammatory diseases.In most cases, this disease kept for one - two years, and then the majority of children disappear on their own.An important role in the development of allergic diathesis play genetic predisposition and exposure to a variety of adverse environmental factors

Causes

catalyst of allergic diathesis may be: toxicosis during pregnancy, infectious diseases , use of various drugs duringpregnancy, systematic violations of nutrition as during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.

main source of allergens in infants (children's first years of life) is the food, but they can also enter the body through the air during a large number of vaccinations.

In connection with the development of allergic reactions in the blood increased content of some biologically active substances (leukotrienes, serotonin, histamine,

etc.).Also, children with allergic diathesis prone to the appearance of abnormal liver function, to the hormonal metabolism, to violations of the proper functioning of the central nervous system and other developmental abnormalities

Symptoms

Symptoms of the disease are summarized from symptoms suggestive of mucous membranes (keratitis, vulvovaginitises , conjunctivitis , blepharitis , rhinopharyngitis, "geographic tongue", laryngitis, unstable chair, etc.), the lymphatic system (hypertrophy of the tonsils, adenoids , swollen lymph nodes), the skin (atopic dermatitis, cradle cap, eczema, seborrhea, etc.).Children may experience hay fever (hay fever) and asthma.In infants sometimes found gneiss: brown / dirty - gray scales of seborrhea on the scalp (the crown and the crown) as a shell or cap.Current gneiss in most cases beneficial, however in some children it can be transformed into seborrheic eczema which may spread to the forehead, cheeks and ears.Cradle cap is also quite common symptom of allergic diathesis in children first year of life: near the ears and the skin of the cheeks formed sharply circumscribed redness and swelling with signs of flaking.Cradle cap is often accompanied by itching and eczema often becomes.One of the distinguishing symptoms of allergic diathesis is a persistent form of diaper rash, which can be both dry and weeping.

Baby eczema is considered the most severe form of allergic diathesis, because the older children, it can easily be transformed into atopic

Treatment

First child with this disease must be translated into a balanced diet.Although the standard diet for all children did not exist, there are general guidelines on proper nutrition.Breast feeding is not stopped, but the maternal diet must reduce the use of salt, fat, carbohydrates, and various allergens.For the older children it is recommended to exclude from the diet of pork, fish, eggs, beef broth, mousses, jelly, assorted condiments and spices, nuts and legumes.It is also necessary to limit the use of a liquid, proteins and fats.

Drug treatment is aimed at reducing the itching and vascular permeability.Attributed to complex vitamins (A, B5, B6, B12, B15, C) in individual therapeutic dosage rate of three - four weeks.Local treatment therapy in the form of ointment and lotion also significantly affects the improvement of the general condition.In addition, prescribed a warm bath with celandine, succession, oak bark or potassium permanganate.

forecast in strict compliance with all of the positive therapeutic measures.

More articles on the topic:

1. subfebrile condition in children 2. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

service physician recruitment is relevant only for the citizens of the Russian Federation

Related Posts