May
07
23:00
Neuroscience

Migraine.

Migraine.Migraine pain

migraine Migraine - a disease characterized by episodic acute throbbing pain that usually covers one side of the head.Migraine affects women more often, due to their susceptibility to low blood pressure and hormonal patterns. Equally important in the development of the disease is hereditary.

Migraine can be of two types: simple and classic

simple (common migraine)

This type of migraine in most cases is localized in the area of ​​the crown, temple, or the eyeball and from there spread throughout the polovine head.The facial skin turns pale, appears on the temple continuously pulsing artery.Pain may be accompanied by ghosting, a temporary immobilization of the eyeballs, violation of the sensitivity of the question, dizziness.In addition, there are bouts of abdominal pain, which may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting

Classical (ophthalmic) migraine

are rare, accounting for about 10% of all reported cases.This kind of disease is accompanied by visual disorders: decrea

sed visual perception, smudged, various nebulae, and in very rare cases temporary blindness.Increases pain following factors: sharp movements, sneezing and coughing, mental stress, bright lights, loud noises

Causes

In most cases, the basis of migraine is a violation of the nervous regulation of vascular tone, which is often combined with family and inheritancepredisposition to cardiovascular diseases.Often, the trigger of the disease appears during puberty (out - of hormonal adjustment).Migraine attacks can be repeated after the stress of heavy experiences, overwork, before menstruation (by releasing hormones).Strong migraine pain can arise from harmful substances contained in tobacco smoke, as well as alcohol.

Children's migraines can occur as a result of overvoltage (overreliance on the computer or watching TV), due to the impact of negative emotions (home and school).If migraine attacks in children are observed daily after a meal, it can be assumed that the reason for their occurrence is in the intolerance of any - any food (dyes sugary carbonated products, canned food, sweets, etc.).

triggers an factors:

- Smoking and alcohol (especially red wine)

- Eating foods containing tyramine (spices, beans, cheese, chocolate and so on.)

- Fatigue, stress, lack of sleep

- Inhalation household chemicals, paints, solvents

- Prolonged exposure in an unventilated room

- hypothermia or hyperthermia

- Reception vasodilators (nitroglycerin and so forth.)

Symptoms

often twingepreceded by a variety of unique visual sensations (flashing in the eyes of zigzags, dots, etc..).Visual displays are not always accompanied by pain, but definitely are its harbingers.Then the outlines of objects begin to blur considerably (possibly narrowing of the visual field), and after that there is an unbearable throbbing pain in what - either side of the head.In most cases, migraine pain is accompanied by general malaise, dizziness, nausea and sometimes vomiting (after which the patient's condition improved significantly).

necessary to differentiate migraine with trigeminal neuralgia and tension-type headache

Treatment Treatment of the disease should be carried out under the supervision of a qualified doctor - neurologist.For the interruption or attenuation of attack, as well as the appearance of symptoms precede it is necessary to take paracetamol, ibuprofen, aspirin, aminopyrine or analgin;be sure to avoid harsh irritants (bright lights, loud noises, etc.).For prevention and relief of pain and decongestants used vasoconstrictor drugs (Imigran, Zomig).

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