Tourette's syndrome - a neurological condition usually begins in early childhood and manifests itself multiple vocal and motor tics and complex behavioral problems, often dominant in the overall clinical picture.Today, Tourette's syndrome is no longer as they used a rare disease, since diagnosed approximately every hundredth child
Tourette's syndrome causes of
What exactly causes the development of a child of the state on the date until the end andnot clear, however, most experts focus on the genetic origin of the syndrome.In addition it was noticed that of a high-drug therapy (especially neurostimulators) neuroses in children often leads to the development of lightning-Tourette's syndrome.It also causes increased risk of developing this syndrome include increased psycho - emotional load, environmental degradation;smoking and alcohol consumption by the mother during breastfeeding and during pregnancy;lack of blood flow and oxygen during birth;autoimmune diseases, low b
So, we can summarize that Tourette's syndrome - is unclear etiology neurological disease, provoke which can all internal and external factors
Tourette's syndrome symptoms
In most cases, the disease begins to show itself in 5-6-year-old withthe emergence of voice (puffing, whistling, coughing, grunting, outcries) or motor (twitches, grimaces) ticks.Tiki can both rotate and appear at the same time.According to statistics, from around 10% of children with Tourette's syndrome develop different speech disorders: palilalia (painful need to repeat certain sentences or single words), echolalia (the obsessive repetition of sounds, syllables or words), coprolalia (vocal tics accompanied by indecent swear words).
characteristic of ticks is the sudden emergence and rapid implementation.Trying to keep ticks at will usually have no success.All movements in the displays of the same type (intermittent, rapid and sharp).Due to the absence from the patient control over these sudden movements, possible to apply yourself enough serious injuries.From - due to the fact that patients are well aware of the inadequacy and unacceptability of his conduct, quite often they occur secondary mental disorders lead to depressive states, in the avoidance of contact with people and low self-esteem.Especially uncomfortable people with Tourette's syndrome feel in public places, as in emotional stress tics are enhanced, and the people around them do not know the whole background to what is happening and not knowing about their illness, treat them fairly hostile
Tourette's syndrome diagnosis
SinceChildren with this syndrome develop according to their age and their emotional, mental and intellectual development is no different from normal - a survey which is based only on the characteristics of the existing disorders and on the basis of history does not bring the desired results.
All of the above suggests that the diagnosis of Tourette's syndrome requires from the child's parents and doctor rigorous tracking the full picture of what is happening, so that after collecting maximum of facts and data, neuropsychiatrist could refute or confirm this diagnosis
Tourette's syndrome treatment
psychological help and emotional support are the main elements in the treatment of Tourette's syndrome.Beginning in childhood, the disease can manifest itself throughout his life, however, with age somewhat mitigated symptoms as patients learn to avoid unpleasant situations, which become a catalyst for relapse.In most cases (except generalized tics) Tourette active medical intervention is not required.
In case of severe complications in the form of permanent hyperkinesis, generalized tics difficulties or complete inability to control tics - Tourette syndrome requires drug and psychotherapy.Treatment of medical drugs (neuroleptics often and / or a-adrenergic receptors) reduces emotional tension and irritability, as well as allowing some extent ease the severity of tics.
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