May
13
23:01
Infectious diseases

Whooping cough

Pertussis

whooping cough Whooping cough - one of the most common childhood infectious diseases, which is characterized by bouts of whooping cough and moderate general intoxication.Pertussis bacterium Bordetella is, or as it is called - pertussis bacillus. This bacterium is quite unstable to the external environment, which quickly dies.The spread of infection occurs through airborne - drop by.

source of infection is a sick man throughout the course of the disease (especially the first week).Because whooping cough is one of the most contagious diseases - likely to get in contact with the sick person is 100%.In most cases, the disease are children of preschool age, they account for about 95% and 5% accounted for by adults

Symptoms of pertussis

development of the disease begins with general malaise, runny nose, a marked deterioration of appetite, and a slight increasebody temperature.It appears slightly pronounced cough that lasts for one to two weeks, after which the intensity and frequency are signific

antly enhanced.In young children, at the end of coughing may be a prolonged breathing difficulties, can be released glassy viscous sputum, and sometimes vomiting.Throughout the coughing child is very excited, a person becomes a bluish tint to the language protruding from the mouth, neck veins dilate;It can also occur nosebleeds, coughing up blood, and sometimes stop breathing.The intensity of attacks - from five to fifty times a day for two to three weeks.In older children and adults, the disease occurs in a mild form and resembles the symptoms of pronounced bronchitis

Treatment of pertussis

In most cases, the treatment of this disease is carried out at home, but infantschildren, and older children are not vaccinated against pertussis must be hospitalized because they need skilled nursing care.

Very serious attention should be paid to quality nutrition.Meals should be frequent and small meals.

Breast seriously ill children should be in a quiet darkened room, as the impact of any external stimuli can cause severe paroxysm.Also, infants must be timely suctioning mucus from the throat.

In the early days of the disease is quite effective reception of erythromycin (in some cases, can completely interrupt the disease), can also be used and other antibiotics, giving effect on abjection.

An important value in the treatment of whooping cough is staying in the open air (for sick children is virtually nonexistent indoor cough).

indicated for sedation and cold preparations.In case of temporary cessation of breathing (apnea) - to carry out artificial respiration and chest compressions

Preventive measures

children up to seven years, exposed to the sick, uncouple fourteen days from the date of isolation of the patient.In cases where the patient was not isolated - the duration of the quarantine should be increased to twenty-five days after the occurrence of cough in the first infected.

Adults and children older than seven years can not be divisive, and behind them is established a permanent medical observation for fourteen days, and in cases where the communication continues - for twenty-five days after the occurrence of cough in the first infected.

To date, the only active preventive measure is vaccination.All children who have reached three months of age, there is a compulsory course of vaccination against whooping cough, which consists of three injections of DTP vaccine, which takes place at an interval of six weeks.After two years, after a course of vaccination revaccination.

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