Bacterial vaginosis (bacterial vaginosis) - infectious non-inflammatory disease associated with vaginal dizbiozom biotype, to put it simply - a dysbacteriosis vagina (a condition in which the ratio of impaired living microorganisms in the vagina). lactic acid bacteria (and there should be greater) becomes smaller and, conversely, those bacteria (gardnerella etc.) Which are in the normal ratio should be few, begin to actively proliferate
Bacterial vaginosis causes of
Bacterial vaginosis is characterized by failure of the normalvaginal microflora population of the vaginal mucosa bacteria such as the pervotella, mobiluncus, gardnerella and so forth. At the time, it was shown that bacterial vaginosis is a polymicrobial disease, so in itself gardnerella unable to cause the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis
predisposing factors for bacterial vaginosis:
- Prolonged use of intrauterine and tablets contraceptives
- Reception antimicrobials
- previously transferred infla
- Change the state of local immunity
- hormonal status that accompanies menstrual disorders
- stress onbody
- Exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation
have about 60% of women who suffer from bacterial vaginosis, there intestinal dysbiosis (violation mikroekologii colon)
Bacterial vaginosis symptoms
are two types of clinical course ofdisease: asymptomatic and symptomatic.If asymptomatic, despite the positive results of laboratory studies, clinical signs of bacterial vaginosis completely absent.
second type of flow is characterized by a uniform, thick, long in duration (2 - 3 years) gray or milky white discharge, having specific smell "rotten fish" (unpleasant smell is caused by the collapse of the amines produced by anaerobic bacteria).Signs of inflammation are observed in about half of patients.Also, 50% of women present in the form of vulvovaginal irritation burning and itching;there may be unpleasant / pain during intercourse.
Bacterial vaginosis can develop the following complications: recurrent inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract and reproductive organs;horionamnionit;at birth is possible premature rupture of membranes;postpartum endometritis;development of pneumonia and weight loss newborn
Bacterial vaginosis treatment
good therapeutic effect in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis is achieved by taking drugs from the group of nitroimidazoles (metrogil, metronidazole, Trichopolum and so forth.), are assigned to the inside of the vagina and have the form of candles,tampons or tablets.
Currently there are various complex treatment regimen for bacterial vaginosis, which consist in the use of nitroimidazoles (tableted), while topical treatment in the form of irrigation of the vagina (chlorine compounds benzalkonium antiseptic solution "tomitsid" 1% solution of hydrogen peroxide and so forth.).
tableted nitroimidazole treatment of bacterial vaginosis, can in some cases serve as an impetus to the development of side effects such as headaches , dizziness, gastrointestinal dysfunction - intestinal tract.
In severe cases of bacterial vaginosis basic principle of treatment is the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics (cephalosporins, oleandomycin, clindamycin) for a total reorganization of the vaginal mucosa.The application of these antimicrobials may result in a large number of side effects.
Today, one of the most effective drugs used to treat bacterial vaginosis is a vaginal cream Dalatsin (use one full applicator once a day for three days).
addition to medical treatment is a mandatory diet containing sauerkraut, yogurt and biokefir and supplementation and topical drugs into lactic bacteria (appointed only in the absence of vaginal candidiasis).
during treatment and subsequent control monitoring (4 - 6 weeks) during sexual intercourse is recommended that the use of condoms.
In conclusion I would like to add that even though bacterial vaginosis is not a sexually transmitted disease, unprotected sex play an important role in the development of this disease, as many sexual partners or frequent change contributes to changing the vaginal microflora.
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