Infectious diseases



pyoderma photo Pyoderma - a contagious disease, which has a long-term nature of treatment, depending on the depth of penetration of bacteria into the skin.If you run a disease, the pyoderma may develop into a chronic disease, which is fraught with disability.

pyoderma Pathogens are most often streptococcal and staphylococcal bacteria.Staphylococcal are more common, but strep appear on the oral mucosa.These pathogens are present in the skin of any person permanently, but manifest themselves in the period of reduced immunity, extreme temperatures, the doldrums.Also present microorganisms psevdodifteriynoy coli, yeasts, which, under favorable conditions for their development cause purulent skin lesions.Pyoderma often exposed to children and people associated with the carriage of passengers, work in agriculture or mining.

Pyoderma reasons

root cause of the appearance of the disease pyoderma are staphylococci, sometimes in combination with enterococci, aerobic diphtheroids, Pseudomonas aeruginosa

and other viruses.

A dirty skin and other infections, weakening of the body, general fatigue, human skin pustules appear.When pyoderma primarily sweat glands are affected to a lesser extent, sebaceous hair follicles.Diabetes also contributes to the development of pyoderma, as the level of blood sugar is a fertile breeding ground for pathogens.

pyoderma disease may occur initially with injuries or other circumstances, and perhaps secondarily, if a person already has some dermatosis.When pyoderma infection gets into the skin by scratching, itching.People who suffer from excessive sweating, especially prone to infection pyoderma.Chemical irritation of the hair follicle and its pollution - good breeding ground for staph bacteria.Under production conditions pyoderma may occur in the form of irritation when exposed to chemical contaminants, and oils.

Other causes of pyoderma - is overheating and overcooling, high humidity, stress conditions.If overheating of the body there is a loss of water and chlorides (mineral salts).This leads to complications of the disease of the kidneys and cardiovascular system.When pyoderma in the case of hypothermia blood circulation, reduces sweating.The skin peels off, it becomes dry and susceptible to infection and injury.When particularly deep penetration of pyoderma infections, diseases of the vital internal organs, obesity, developed boils with purulent core, carbuncles sometimes with two or three bars.

atypical pyoderma photo

photo atypical pyoderma

Pyoderma symptoms

pyoderma first symptoms are manifested in the appearance of small yellow purulent congestion point in the center.It starts itching, pain is felt.Body temperature is not increased.

pyoderma With the defeat of the deeper layers is being developed boil, which refers to the staphylococcus epidermis, as well as folliculitis, carbuncle, sycosis.Temperature rises.Furuncle occurs on the body in the form of purulent ledge, then gradually deepened his follicles, which helps hair follicles.New formation becomes thick, red skin, swelling begins with the absorption of healthy tissue.The pain intensified rapidly, especially during movement.Formed rod education focus.Through time there is a breakthrough, with pus released blood, then only the pus.The body temperature is lowered.When the rod is removed naturally pyoderma (or surgical) by and goes along with the pus, the wound gradually tightened.

When hair follicles pyoderma pustules much larger, very painful.Unlike boils in the follicles no purulent rod.

carbuncle - an inflammation, which is produced in concentrated near the hair follicles.The skin is formed by extensive necrosis.When withdrawal necrotic masses carbuncle is very deep ulcer.The general health of the patient deteriorates, there is an increase in body temperature to 40 degrees, headache, nausea, malaise.The movement causes great pain.

Carbuncles pyoderma at first appear on the head and back, sometimes sink to the chest and abdomen.In rare cases the skin is affected limb.A carbuncle is a small amount of dense tubercles-infiltration.They proliferate, connected to each other and create a semispherical infiltration, elevated above the surface of the skin.In the center of the formation of color sinyaya.Maturation carbuncle varies between 7-11 days.In ripened carbuncle there are several bars.Older people, especially with the syndrome of diabetes, the disease can pass pyoderma followed by sepsis or hemorrhage.After removal of the rods, mainly by surgery, at the place of rough scar remains.

ostiofollikulit - a small pustules with the hair in the center, which has a dense cover.When festering pass deep into the follicle turns into ostiofollikulit folliculitis.These tumors are formed by groups of pyoderma and can centrally on any area of ​​skin with hair.Then, covered with purulent crusts.Through time crusts fall away, are blue and pink spots disappear after treatment.

Another type of pyoderma - staphylococcal sycosis face.It is expressed in numerous folliculitis and sycosis with the surrounding inflammatory infiltrate.Usually focus around the chin and above the upper lip, can appear on the inside of the nose wings.The skin in this area becomes thick and gets bluish color.When the blisters burst, they dry up, forming a massive purulent crusts.The general health status of patients with disturbed a little.I notice signs of nervousness, insomnia.Especially painful is the process of the disease in men.Hair beard and mustache grow constantly, cover tightly held.

disease staphylococcal sycosis on the face can last for months, taking chronic.Some patients do not achieve full remission.They can be short-term improvement, alternating new exacerbations.In very severe cases, atrophy of the skin.

Another kind of illness on the face of pyoderma - is acne vulgaris in which the inflammation goes on the sebaceous glands.First, there are black spots.They may be different in size and depth, and connect to a single focus of inflammation.After curing the skin remains ospovidny scar.

By streptococcal pyoderma disease include strep impetigoi its various forms (vesicular impetigo, impetigo mucosal surface felon, and others).

pyoderma gangrenosum photo

photo gangrenous pyoderma

Pyoderma children

Children's bodies - the best place for the development of disease-causing organisms.Since the skin of children is very thin, through the sweat gland infections freely penetrate the skin of the child.Provokes purulent processes coccal infection, sometimes Pseudomonas or Escherichia coli.Pyoderma often affects infants whose birth the umbilical wound is healing poorly.

pyoderma starts with redness on the skin that turn into blisters filled with pus.When they are opened in their place form crusts.Eventually they fall and disappear without a trace.If you let take its course during pyoderma, small pustules can develop into boils, causing the appearance of an abscess and cellulitis.The child can be traced fever, complications develop side.Pyoderma spread with great speed because of the need to comb the child's itchy sores.In order to achieve successful results in the treatment of written out antibiotics that the doctor prescribes only after careful study analyzes.

To prevent pyoderma in children parents are obliged to follow the hygienic condition of their child.When dishonest child care on his skin are the feces, urine, sweat and breast milk.All this leads to the development of such diseases as pyoderma, which pathogens are streptococci and staphylococci.The child must receive a balanced and regular meals, not supercool.

When wiping the baby's skin is necessary to use a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a 1-2% solution of salicylic acid.Processed affected areas antiseptics, oils, balms at least three times a day.

Pyoderma treatment

With such a complex disease as pyoderma, household items, bedding, dishes, should be strictly individual.Mandatory part of the linen.The skin is rubbed camphor (or salicylic) alcohol.To monitor the cleanliness of nails, just cut and processed with tincture of iodine.Surfaces treated with 0.1% potassium permanganate.Wash the wound or taking a shower can not be shared - pyoderma germs spread to healthy parts of the body.In chronic course of the disease pyoderma it is necessary to adhere to the diet, limit foods high in carbohydrates.Eat vitamins B6 and B12, multivitamin preparations with trace elements.It is strictly forbidden alcohol.

at the scene of the boil ihtiolovaya applied ointment.Carbuncles opened surgically, preferably in the hospital under medical supervision.

the appointment of drugs for the treatment of pyoderma must be a comprehensive examination of the patient, passing his test for sensitivity detection of concomitant diseases.When not engaged in self pyoderma!In acute during pyoderma antibiotics should be 5 to 7 days, chronic - 7-14 days.Prescribe drugs tetracycline group.Penicillin applied intramuscularly by injection of 40 000 to 100 000 IU 8 times a day course - 3 000 000 and 4 000 000 IU, Bitsillin 3 - 1 200 000 IU to 5 days.

During the appearance of the disease pyoderma itching (which can cause allergic diseases) antibiotics should be withdrawn and antihistamines such as diphenhydramine, or Diazolin Promethazine.If there is a gangrenous infection forms used drugs to affect blood circulation, such as Aktovegin daily 5 ml intravenously Nikotitat sodium and others.

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