skin erythema is an infectious disease, manifested in a strong reddening, rash erythematous appearance, as well as the expansion of capillaries.This disease refers to a complex of diseases which are caused by different factors, however appear on the skin the same way.In connection with this group of diseases called one term - erythema.Mostly kids get sick five - twelve years, but adults are also susceptible.The incubation period is prolonged to two weeks.In all cases, the pathogen is not known, but it is expected that infection carried by airborne droplets.Symptoms manifested by the appearance on the cheeks red, and raised above the skin of spots, which merge with each other.Gradually, the rash spread over the skin of the trunk and extensor surfaces of the extremities.This rash merge into areas of irregular shapes.They are characterized by the gradual disappearance six days after leaving in its place a marble pattern.Patient general condition is maintained at the same level.
disease can occur for various reasons.In some cases, the fault is the number of infectious diseases: scarlet fever, tuberculosis, sore throat, yersiniosis, lymphogranuloma venereum, leprosy, histoplasmosis, koktsidiodoz.In other cases, perform non-infectious causes: non-specific ulcerative colitis and sarcoidosis of the lungs.Often the causes of erythema is directly dependent on the clinical manifestations.For example, allergic erythema occurs after making sulfonamides (sulfalen, sulfadimethoxine) and contraceptives.Physiological erythema able to develop after the massage, as well as certain medical substances and drugs that act externally.In rare cases, redness occurs reflexively, after the occurrence of such feelings as anger, shame.But pathological erythema able to occur after the infectious diseases, and radial, thermal, chemical burns of the skin and allergic reactions.Sometimes erythema occurs as a distinct disease.
diseases can occur in acute and chronic forms.The acute form is characterized by fever, general deterioration, malaise.Chronic erythema characterized by a prolonged course, migration and the appearance of the rash of rashes in new areas of the body.For each type characterized by its symptoms, which will be described below.The most common types of erythema: nodular, ringed migrating, toxic, sunny multiforme exudative, infectious.
erythema nodosum symptoms manifest themselves in the event on the shins, knees, much less in the face and neck areas of red knots.They are very painful on palpation and change tint to purple or yellowish-brown color.Polovina sick people suffering inflammation of the joints.The symptoms of erythema nodosum in children occur much more difficult.Independently process takes six - seven weeks.The symptoms of erythema nodosum Chronic disappear for a short while, then come back, merging into nodes that have different sizes (one and a half centimeters to several decimeters).
annular erythema symptoms manifest themselves in flaking and itching spots rounded, which then merge into the ring.The brightness of the rings have outer edges.Spot sizes acquire two to eight centimeters.
symptoms of erythema migrans characterized by the absence of peeling and the ability to disappear only after many months.
erythema toxic symptoms are characterized by the absence of fever in infants and the ability to self-extinction of the rash.
Symptoms solar erythema expressed the desire to scratch burned, red leather seats, it often bubbles, which then will be shelled.
symptoms of erythema infectious ones from severe: body temperature rises, the spots are combined into larger pockets, there is a fever.Symptoms always worsen infections.
symptoms of erythema multiforme exudative different heaviest state: high body temperature, feeling aches and pains throughout the body, the appearance of bubbles and a wild desire to scratch the rash.This oral mucosa, tongue, palate is covered with sores.Sick in pain on swallowing, can not speak.
diseases are chronic.The origin of possible bacterial or viral.Sometimes the reason for migrating eczema and is not recognized.It was found that the pathogen migrating eczema carry ticks.Symptoms of the disease can occur through one - three weeks after the bite.
erythema migrans, which arose as a small red spot is able to rapidly reach fifteen to twenty centimeters.Peeling for erythema migrans is not typical.After a long period, prolonged for months, able to ring the abyss.
erythema migrans of symptoms similar to Lyme disease, so patients prescribed an analysis to identify the microorganisms that provoke this disease.
erythema migrans can be successfully treated with antibiotics.The dosage as well as specific drug prescribed physician and only studied in detail.
Prevention includes security measures during a walk through the woods in the summer, as well as the need to wear clothes that cover all the skin tight.
This type of erythema appears in children in the form of skin rash in the early days after birth.
Toxic erythema in children is characterized by great diversity.Often, the disease occurs in infants.For rashes characterized by the sudden disappearance of independent without treatment.There are no symptoms, the baby is not of concern arises.It is believed that toxic erythema of the child's body is adapted to the external conditions.
Toxic erythema of the newborn characterized by twenty to thirty percent of the babies born at term.Small or large body weight of the baby is not the cause of the disease.According to doctors agreed on the fact that the rash is a reaction to the child's body proteins contained in breast milk.Toxic erythema occurs in a day - two after birth.Taurus child covered with red spots sealed.Rarely spots are covered with small bubbles with serous fluid.Places redness in children - folds legs and arms, head under the hair on his chest, buttocks.Rarely rash cover the tummy and face newborn.During three days on the body of another form new spots, and then for two - three days, all disappear on their own.With an abundance of spots baby becomes fussy, there is diarrhea and enlargement of the lymph nodes.
The disease is caused by ultraviolet radiation.Solar erythema is not dangerous, but avoid excessive tanning.
sunburn occurs after a stay open under the rays, but the first burns can occur later.In this case, it is not recommended to the patient to complete discharge of burned skin in the sun to appear.Sometimes, the skin reddens after longitudinal exposure to the sun.If, after sunbathing, hot shower is uncomfortable, it is the signs of sunburn.The following signs of erythema will be a desire to scratch the sun scorched the place, as well as the formation of skin blisters that break and are accompanied by the passage of fluid.After a few days there is peeling.Special danger due to "hard spectrum" are solarium, causing deep burns.It is this range of skin cancer provokes the abuse solarium.If you have passion for sunburn tan is contraindicated.
This form of the disease occurs in an acute form.The cause of infectious erythema appears pathogenic microflora and its source remains unknown.So far not revealed a single microorganism that causes this disease.Symptoms of the disease characterized by high fever, shivering, there are signs of self-poisoning of the body and the formation of large spots on the body, connecting to major foci.There are suggestions that infectious erythema Rosenberg, and also the form Chameria caused by a viral infection.Everything else erythema accompanied by some infectious diseases.It pseudotuberculosis diseases such as tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, cat-scratch disease, tularemia.
Some drugs also can provoke severe forms of infectious erythema.The most dangerous sulfa drugs, have a lasting effect.Infectious erythema is often as small epidemic.However, the ill person does not pose a threat to others.The processes occurring in the body, in this type of erythema completely unknown and not understood.
Erythema in children
palmoplantar erythema in children is congenital.Palms and soles of infants have diffuse or patchy redness.Redness varies from external influences: warming, cooling, mechanical irritation, as well as change the position of the limbs.The main manifestations is the dilation of blood vessels.
Erythema in children hand-foot-type worries the whole period of childhood, but is able to survive in the adult.One variety of congenital disease appears palmoplantar erythrose.The disease is characterized by diffuse, constant and intense red-raspberry colored leather soles and palms.This palmar fossa not impressed, and she erythema is open at the edges of the feet, hands and never goes to the back surface.Subjective feelings are absent, and hyperhidrosis.The disease occurs after the birth of the baby and can last until old age.Treatment rarely gives results.Inside appoint vitamins E, A, and the external creams.
diagnosis of erythema.For an accurate diagnosis should urgently contact the experts: dermatologist, rheumatologist and therapist.If there are patients for TB, you should consult a TB, and patients with sarcoidosis require pulmonologist.Some types of erythema diagnosed after visual inspection.In order to avoid infection, blood tests are required.Especially suitable are important in cancer and autoimmune diseases.
for effective treatment, it is important to reorganize the centers of all opportunistic infections.These include dermatitis, respiratory diseases, measles and scarlet fever.Avoid physical therapy, massage and sunbathing, skin contact with chemical irritants.
How to treat erythema?
Treatment of the disease involves therapeutic scheme, which depends on the depth of the skin lesions and of course, the individual characteristics of the patient's dermis, variety and health of mucosal erythema and other organs.
Erythema and its treatment involves the use of antibiotics, corticosteroids, angioprotectors iodide alkalis, means to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, adaptogens, peripheral gemokinatorov, antiplatelet.
Local treatment involves application of Dimexidum and occlusive dressings with butanedioic and corticosteroid ointments.Effective in the treatment of dry heat, bed rest is necessary to observe the localization of erythematous lesions on the lower limbs.It is important to diet, eliminating sharp, salty, fried, smoked food, strong coffee, canned food, tea, citrus fruits, chocolate and alcohol.You must try to avoid provoking factors: hypothermia, weights ups, injuries, smoking, prolonged standing and walking.
Erythema of any kind of self-love, because the symptoms are often very similar to dermatological and infectious diseases.
Idiopathic kind of erythema is treated with antibiotics.When running form of the disease are widely used hormonal steroids and anabolic steroids.In uncomplicated cases, apply desensitizing drugs and medicines, reduces inflammation.These medicines are prescribed by a doctor duration of five - seven days.
When toxic-allergic reaction is necessary to clean the fabric of the toxic substance.In these cases use a method enterosorption and extracorporeal, detoxifying hemoperfusion with special preparations physician individually calculated, considering the weight of the patient.The length of treatment of ten - twelve days.Then designate antihistamines and calcium medication.Additionally, the treatment of infected sites using liquid solutions.Effective in the treatment of erythema following ointment: "Vishnevsky", "Solkoseril", "Dermazin", "Iruksol."Oral mucosa treated with boric acid or potassium permanganate.All concentrations of funds prescribed by the physician especially individually.