cancer lymph node
lymph node cancer (lymphoma) - quite a rare oncological disease characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and neoplastic lesions of various internal organs, which are subject to uncontrolled accumulation of "tumor" cells.The disease equally affects both women and men , and with age the risk of its development is greatly increased.
main cause of cancer is called lymph nodes impact on humans of different carcinogenic substances (pesticides, herbicides) and viral infections (especially Epstein - Barr virus).The risk of developing cancer of lymph nodes significantly increases the late pregnancy (after 30 years), a weak immune protection, HIV
symptoms of cancer of lymph nodes
Symptoms of the disease quite pronounced and is characterized by an increase in the inguinal, cervical or axillary lymph nodes, generalweakness, loss of appetite, feeling of constant fatigue.This systemic change lymph nodes is considered the main sign of the onset of the cancer process.On palpation of th
appearance of other symptoms depends on which particular parts of the body are located the affected lymph nodes.A small number of patients during diagnosis of the cancer cells are detected in the bone marrow.In such cases, the decreases in blood of healthy blood cells, causing symptoms such as fatigue and shortness of breath, and increased risk of infectious diseases of the nasal cavity during menstruation observed excessive bleeding.Sometimes after alcohol intake in patients may experience pain in the enlarged lymph nodes.Because the lymph nodes are the organs of the immune defense, their defeat will certainly lead to a permanent reduction in immunity, which entails exposure to any type of infection
Types of cancer of lymph nodes
cancer lymph nodes (lymphoma) - a large group of diseases, the common feature of which is themalignant tumor that develops from cells of the lymphoid tissue.These diseases together are a number of differences that affect prognosis, grade and treatment methods.In this group of tumors secrete two major subgroups of lymph node cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma and is non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Hodgkin lymphoma (11% of all reported cases of primary cancers of the lymph nodes) has two peak incidence of age - from 15 to 40 years and 60 years after.
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a group of more than thirty diseases with different clinical characteristics and the degree of aggressiveness.
As the prevalence of cancer of the lymph nodes are distinguished for a limited (1-2 affected lymph node), common (affecting a group of lymph nodes), and generalized (in the process involves the whole body's lymphatic system)
stages of cancer lymph node
Step 1. pathologicalthe process involved is one area of lymph nodes
Stage 2. In the pathological process on one side of the diaphragm involved lymph nodes of two or more areas
Step 3. Affects the lymph nodes on both sides of the diaphragm
Stage 4. In addition to the destruction of the lymphatic system,the disease spreads to the internal organs: bone marrow, liver, heart, kidneys, and others.
diagnosis of cancer of lymph nodes
To distinguish between Hodgkin lymphoma and Neodzhkinskoy conducted a microscopic examination of the lymphoid tissue.To study the structure of cells, often resort to their coloring.In the presence of specific proteins taken lymphocyte (immunohistochemical examination).At the site of the lesion biopsy, a tissue sample is then sent for histological laboratory study.Also shown is computed tomography and magnetic - resonance imaging.Depending on the initial results obtained, may be appointed as holding ultrasound of the liver, spleen, lymph nodes;laparotomy, myelography, cytological analysis, X-ray examination of bones and lungs
Cancer Treatment lymph nodes
treatment of cancer characterized by a large percentage of the recovery if carried out in a specific pattern, which takes into account tumor belonging to a particular group.The main goal of all therapeutic measures aimed at reducing cancer in the volume and the achievement of the initial signs of remission.In the treatment of cancer of the lymph nodes most commonly used combination of medical, surgical and radiation techniques.Despite the seriousness of the disease, due to implementation of modern methods of treatment that include innovative technologies in the field of surgery and pharmacology, in most cases it is possible to stabilize the patient's condition and to achieve stable remission.