Cancer of the spine - a primary or secondary malignant tumors of the spine.Secondary metastatic tumors are malignant tumors developing in other organs (stomach, prostate, thoracic cavity, lungs, etc.).The development of cancer of the spine always accompanied by pain (moderate at first, and then a much more pronounced), which for weeks or months, gradually increase.Penetration of metastases in the spine occurs lymphatic system, for epidural venous plexus, or hematogenous route.
most common malignancy develops in the vertebral bodies, which is the cause of pain in the affected parts of the spine.In the place of localization, malignant tumors of the spine are divided into: a tumor affecting the spinal sheath tumor affecting the spinal cord.Such tumors lead to soreness in settling below her organs.Often, these places lose their sensitivity, people feel muscle weakness.To establish a diagnosis of cancer of the spine, requires the necessary comprehensive survey, one of the main compon
Even though conducted numerous studies, spinal cancers today are not fully understood.Lymphoma - cancer of the spinal cord which affects lymphocytes, the most frequently observed in patients with poor medication or disease immunity.The rate of progression of cancer of the spine is different, but almost all spinal malignant tumors differ soaring.
Primary tumors of the spine is quite difficult to diagnose because they are developing very rare and its symptoms are similar to other common diseases.That is why it is important to conduct physical and neurological examination with a complete medical history.Suspicion of spinal tumor to confirm the diagnosis and identify the location of the cancer, shown holding several types of research
Cancer of the spine - the symptoms
The most frequent symptom of cancer of the spine is a pain in the middle or lower back, which increases the timewaking up at night.Pain may enroll in the hips, legs, feet or hands, occasionally strengthening and weakening.From the variety and localization of the tumor are dependent and other symptoms, which are particularly pronounced with an increase in pressure and subsequent cancer in the bones of the spine, blood vessels, or the roots of the spinal cord.
clinical picture includes symptoms of cancer of the spine damage bones in the spine and / or pelvis with obvious signs of violation of the adequacy of the nerve plexus and roots.Changing the configuration of the spine are also referred to as a symptom of bone lesions.Pain may be spontaneous, appearing slowly, or exposed to any physical exertion.Exerting pressure on the affected areas, in some cases, can cause pain, the pain may appear on the side of the affected vertebra.If the cancer is localized in the iliac-sacral spine, there may be a syndrome of sacroiliitis.During the palpation of a suspicious area is found on the bones often hilly painful when you seal that can sometimes be seen even with the naked eye.Continuing the nervous symptoms are observed, which is the most distinct feature of the disease is manifested in the form of pain in the sciatic nerve.For other cancer symptoms include muscle weakness of the spine (usually in the legs), and loss of sensation.There are difficulties in the movement, which is a common cause of the fall of the patient, reduced sensitivity to cold, heat and pain.Depending on which region of the spinal cord tumor presses, paralysis may occur.The functioning of the pelvic organs are usually not affected
spine cancer - treatment
Cancer Treatment involves complete removal of the spine malignant spinal tumor.Unfortunately, surgery is complicated by the risk of irreversible damage to the surrounding nerves neoplasm.Consequently, the first destination for adequate treatment physician should take into account the general health, age of patient, type of tumor, a primary or secondary tumor.
Any long persistence malignancy of the spine leads to irreversible changes in the spinal cord, so holding surgical treatment should begin as soon as possible.It is also proved that the small size of the tumor surgery much easier to carry out the technical characteristics that allow you to create the best conditions for the complete removal of the cancerous tumor.
One of surgical treatment is to remove the tumors one-step operation, which consists of partial resection or complete removal of the affected vertebrae with a further substitution emerged shortage.During the surgery, one of the highlights is the stabilization of the vertebrae, which provides for the return of his support functionality, stability and immobility.In order to achieve the stabilization of bone autografts are used (material taken from their own iliac), metal plates (rare) or allografts (bone material of another person).
Radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer of the spine is used to treat inoperable tumors and after surgery to destroy the remnants of the cancer cells.
Chemotherapy, which is a standard treatment for most types of cancer, for the treatment of spinal tumors because of inefficiency almost never used.
There are cases when spinal tumors detected before the appearance of the first symptoms during the examination about a completely different disease.If the detected tumors are benign in nature, do not create a pressure on the surrounding tissue and grow, the only treatment option is carefully monitored.This is especially true of older people, for whom surgical treatment, radiation therapy and is a big risk.