August
12
20:06
Malignant tumors

Vaginal Cancer

vaginal cancer

vaginal cancer photos vaginal cancer - malignant disease of one of the main bodies of female sexual sphere.In terms of frequency of occurrence, a malignant tumor of the vagina is one of the last places among all gynecological diseases.

most common type of vaginal cancer is squamous cell carcinoma (squamous cell carcinoma) are formed in squamous cells (flat, thin cells of the vagina).This type of cancer is not spread slowly and usually does not extend beyond the vagina (sometimes can metastasize to the liver and lungs).Typically, the disease is found in women over the age of sixty years.

less common type of vaginal cancer is adenocarcinoma, which begins to develop in the glandular cells.The most frequently found in adenocarcinoma of the women under the age of thirty years

vaginal cancer - causes of

The cause of this disease today is not fully understood.There is speculation that the cancer of the vagina is associated with human papilloma virus.Often the disease is combined with cancer, like c

ervical cancer.In addition to the risk factors for vaginal cancer include: age of sixty years or older, various damage of the cervix, use of various medications (diethylstilbestrol, etc.)

vaginal cancer - symptoms

In most cases, vaginal cancer develops in the backwall or in the upper third of the body, with associated basic signs and symptoms of the disease, which include:

- Watery clear vaginal discharge

- Pain in the pelvic area

- Pain during intercourse

- Bloodydischarge or bleeding, occurring spontaneously in postmenopausal women, in the middle of the menstrual cycle, after intercourse

- hematuria, urinary frequency, or in front of urinary retention

- Blood in the stool, tenesmus, constipation cancer vlagalischa1 photo

vaginal cancer - stage

Stage 1 - the tumor has not spread beyond the walls of the vagina.In case of timely adequate treatment, five-year survival is about 70%

Stage 2 - Tumor extends to soft tissue, but does not extend beyond the walls of the pelvis.Provided adequate treatment, five-year survival is about 50%

Stage 3 - the tumor extends to the pelvic wall.The five-year survival rate of less than 30%

Stage 4 - tumor lesion beyond the pelvic germinating rectum or bladder.The five-year survival rate for this stage of the order of 15%

In most cases, cancer of the vagina goes directly to the tissue adjacent organs (rectum, bladder), and much less likely to spread lymphogenous (in the later stages).Metastasis to distant organs (liver, lungs) as observed in the later stages of disease progression

vaginal cancer - diagnosis

for the detection and diagnosis of cancer of the vagina, the following procedures and tests:

- General inspection.To check the overall health and detect signs of disease conducted examination of the body.Are taken into account unusual formations in the vagina, past illnesses and bad habits

- conduct a survey of the pelvic area, which includes: examination of the rectum, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix and vagina

- Pap smear.This procedure is to collect cells from the vagina and cervix for further microscopic examination for the presence of lesions

- To check for signs of cancer biopsy, which involves the removal of a fragment of tissue from the cervix and vagina for subsequent microscopic examination

- Vaginoscopy.To perform this procedure using Vaginoscopy, allowing to explore the cervix and vagina in the presence of the affected areas

- To detect distant metastases performed computed tomography

- For the diagnosis of liver and lymph nodes performed ultrasound

- To identify cancerous lesions of the upper third of the vaginaused colposcopy

vaginal cancer - treatment

As a rule, the tactics of treatment of cancer depends on the general condition of the patient, from the results of laboratory - instrumental methods of examination and the current stage of the disease.Treatment of vaginal cancer is carried out using three standard types of cancer treatment:

Surgery

Surgery is the most common treatment for cancer of the vagina, which uses the following surgical procedures:

- vaginectomy + removal of the lymph nodes.In carrying out this surgery is possible to remove only the cancer and, in some cases, the site of normal tissue around the vagina, and sometimes may be removed all or part of the vagina.This can be removed lymph nodes (lymphadenectomy) followed them under a microscope for signs of cancer presence

- Laser Surgery.This surgical procedure is to use a laser instead of a scalpel, which is used to remove surface tumors

- Radical hysterectomy.With this surgery removes the cervix and uterus itself

- Pelvic exenteration.In carrying out this operation removes the vagina, ovaries, nearby lymph nodes, uterus, cervix, bladder, and rectum.For the removal of feces and urine made the holes

- Reconstructive surgery.After a surgical treatment is often surgery is required to restore the vagina.For this purpose, healthy skin taken from the body parts that are usually hidden (thigh or buttocks).

Even if at the time of the operation removes all the visible part of the tumor, some patients are shown holding postoperative radiation therapy to destroy possible remains invisible cancer cells

Radiotherapy

This method of treatment is to irradiate cancer cells to complete destructionor stop their growth.Radiation therapy is of two types - internal and external.When conducting internal radiotherapy radioactive substance with a catheter or needle inserted to a cancerous tumor, or directly into the tumor itself.External radiation therapy is the use of a special device that sends radiation to the cancer while being outside the patient's body

Chemotherapy

This method of treatment is the use of special drugs, stop dividing, destroy or stop the growth of cancer cells.Of drugs can be administered intramuscularly, intravenously or orally.

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