IRR - is symptomatic complex, which combines various functional disorders of the autonomic system and is caused by disorders of the regulation.Explanation next VSD - a vascular dystonia.The concept of "dystonia" says imbalance tone of the nervous system, both sympathetic and parasympathetic, as the source of various autonomic disorders.
main mechanism symptoms VSD emotional stress is considered to be in the form of acute turmoil, long emotional experiences leading to a nervous breakdown.IRR is characterized by a number of disease syndromes, such as cardiology, tahikardichesky, bradycardic and arrhythmic.
There is a diversity of reasons that cause a variety of disorders SSS (cardiovascular system), among which are infectious diseases, trauma, severe anxiety, severe surgery, blood loss.In addition, the VVD can contribute to the development of physical overload, smoking, alcohol abuse, chronic nature of the infection, and other serious illnesses.
Many doctors associate the
HDR refers to a particular form of neurosis, which interferes with the regulation of vascular tone.Thus, the main role in the formation of this disease given to violations of the nervous system.Inadequate maintenance of vegetative character peculiar to the IRR, which can develop when the body's endocrine changes during adolescence.Basically vegetative disturbances in this age appear as minor or severe disorders of the endocrine system.
IRR, which is characterized by hypotonic type diagnosed in children and adolescents.The cause of the disease is the acceleration at which the SSSI can not keep up too fast-growing organism to ensure its necessary nutrition.VSD at this age can be triggered by a bad heredity, wrong mode of the day, conflicts at home or at school, as well as infectious diseases.
Stress is one of the fundamental causes of the VSD.At constant severe mental and nervous stress with unfavorable morally environment, disorders of the nervous system can cause the development of serious diseases.
For example, with the VSD hypertonic type of the disease can trigger the development of hypertension.But the normalization mode of wakefulness and sleep, sufficient rest and limited physical activity it can contribute to the disappearance of all symptoms of VSD and lead to recovery.
Many negative emotions as anger, resentment, anger and anxiety are the cause of a persistent neurosis.People with neurotic, quite sensitive to any bad situation.They are not able to switch, to break out of the circle of trouble, and a prolonged duration of such experiences in neurosis lead to a negative flow of VSD.
Usually IRR hypertensive type develops due to the stress associated with the strengthening of the work of the sympathetic nervous system.Neuroses occurring due to increased activity of the parasympathetic nervous system, contribute to the development of hypotensive VSD type.
The reasons that affect the appearance of the IRR, include alcohol and smoking.Nicotine and alcohol are the poisons that affect two important human system: the nervous system and SSSFirst, nicotine acts on the blood vessels, affecting the autonomic nervous sighting system.It has long been established that nicotine gives the walls of blood vessels and blood supply leads to their permeability.Because of changes in blood vessels of smokers appear uncoordinated, abnormal vascular response.Smoking can trigger the development of neurosis, as it reduces the endurance of the nervous system.
Alcohol is a poison neurotropic.It completely upsets the function of the nervous system, interferes with the metabolism in the body and the heart, blood vessels, and refers to a major risk factor that increases the probability of the IRR.
The most common types of the disease include cardiac, neurological and systemic.But basically all these disorders are manifested on the mixed type.
Symptoms consists of blanching the skin and tachycardia, which is accompanied by an increase in blood pressure and a decrease in intestinal motility, as well as the appearance of weakness in the limbs and shivering, feelings of anxiety and fear, which are the manifestations of vegetative neurosis.
addition sympathetic-tonic manifestations occur vagotonic symptoms of a decrease in heart rate, discomfort when breathing, facial flushing, sweating, low blood pressure, fever, weakness, heaviness in the head, nausea and dizziness, and others. When the IRR, there are various physical symptoms,that simulate complex diseases, such as heart attack and psoriasis.So many diseases can be simulated attacks vegetative neurosis.
Among the most common symptoms of psychoneurotic IRR isolated behavioral disorders and motivational.In this case, the patients are characterized by violation of emotional balance and sleep, with the advent of tearfulness feelings of fear or anxiety that reach self-flagellation and the inability to make a decision.
In addition to the general symptoms can be added respiratory syndrome character at which the compression of the chest and shortness of breath.At the same time marked a pain in the head and ringing in the ears, dizziness, and lightheadedness and fainting.This occurs in patients with hypochondria, they lose interest in life and go deep into yourself, become highly irritable and conflict without a specific reason.
As a rule, almost all patients complain of oppressed condition, the lack of meaning in life, and still active, show the characteristic anxiety with fear.Many are afraid of the loss of sexual relations and the interests of the former.People who for a long time can not make a decision, are engaged in self-flagellation.But the more optimistic patients with VSD do not even know about the hidden their depression.This symptom does not allow patients to live fully in society.Neurotics are in such a state that they are trying to maintain a balance of health, not to let a number of people are.Thus they constantly feel asthenia, can not tolerate a variety of physical and mental stress nature, they develop dependence on the weather, claustrophobia, so they can focus on their responsibilities and actions.
Hidden depression docked only psychotropic drugs.All manifestations of this symptom IRR appear and disappear spontaneously with an improvement in the evening.There are several types of hidden depression: a classic in the form of a typical depressive melancholy;grumbling;form of anesthetic;apathetic and agitated form.
This disease has a second name - cardiopsychoneurosis, which is characterized by disorders of the neuroendocrine regulation of the function SSSSuch changes, which appear as a result of disorders of the autonomic system can cause the development of vegetative dystonia.Very often this is manifested disorders of the SSSand the occurrence of vascular dystonia.
first signs of IRR marked the first days of the birth, which manifest themselves in bad weather postponement, redness or paleness while excitement, the advent of strong perspiration.Children IRR manifested urinary incontinence during the night.And in adults, particularly women, changes in the autonomic nervous system, occur in the form of vegetative crises.Dystonia vessels may develop as a result of nervous strain, and after various infectious diseases of both acute and chronic nature, an insufficient number of vitamins in the body, poisoning, and disruption of the nervous system.
Signs IRR can be both permanent seizures and paroxysms of vegetative-vascular system.For persistent symptoms VSD innate characteristic instability of the nervous system.At the same time, patients can not tolerate different types of weather;their skin quickly become pale, red due to various physical exertion or emotional experiences;they are experiencing heart palpitations and sweating very much.
paroxysms Symptoms include pain in the head or in the heart, heartbeat, redness or blanching face.Then, blood pressure rises, the beats become much more marked rise in body temperature and there is a fever.Sometimes patients with VSD test with absolutely no feeling of fear of certain reasons.In some cases, patients have a weakness throughout the body, they feel dizzy and dark eyes, begin to sweat, their sick, reduced blood pressure and heart rate becomes less.These attacks may last from minutes to three hours, which sometimes disappear without appropriate treatment.
In acute VSD, hands and feet become cold and wet to the touch with a purple-bluish tint.The fingers appear numbness and tingling crawling and tingling, and even in some cases, pain.In these patients, increased sensitivity to cold, your fingers become puffy, especially after prolonged hypothermia feet and hands.The attacks are becoming more frequent as a result of fatigue and excitement, and then there is the presence of general malaise and weakness.
One sign of the IRR considered fainting.In this case there is a sudden darkness in the eyes, the face becomes pale and weakness occurs all over the body.After that, there is a loss of consciousness and the man falls.Typically, seizures are not observed.
Depending on the injury SSSThere are three main features of the IRR.These include cardiac dystonia, hypertensive and hypertensive dystonia dystonia.
first signs of defeat are palpitations, shortness of breath, tachycardia, respiratory arrhythmia and ventricular premature beats over the area.The ECG did not show up any changes, or only T wave changes
Signs antihypertensive dystonia characterized by fatigue, muscle weakness, pain in the head as a result of hunger, coldness in hands and feet, as well as a tendency to faint.At the same time, patients are very pale, their hands are cold and wet, and the systolic blood pressure is below 100 mmHg
for signs of hypertensive dystonia characterized by increased blood pressure without changes in the fundus, which is characteristic of hypertension.In some cases, patients complain of pain in the head, heart palpitations and fatigue.
Among the most common pathologies in the world today is the IRR.It has several names, such as vegetative neurosis, a syndrome of vegetative dystonia or neurocirculatory.Almost 90% of the disease accounts for the younger generation and people in active age, with women more likely to get sick much of the male population, nearly three times.About 25% of people diagnosed with VSD is a patient of the therapist.
IRR is considered not a particular disease, and the union of many symptoms that cause deviations in the work of certain systems and organs.The progression of disorders of the nervous vegetative system is considered to be the cause of many serious diseases.
Manifestations IRR in most cases depend on the violations that occur in the various systems of the body.They are divided into several groups: cardiac or heart, respiratory or breathing, disdinamicheskie, thermoregulatory, diarrhea, sexual, neuropsychiatric.When cardiac
appear heartaches, and increases the rate of heart attacks, as well as marked disruptions of the heart muscle with a sinking heart.
during respiratory changes observed tachypnea with the impossibility of a deep breath, heaviness in the chest, shortness of breath attacks resembling asthma as a result of fear or excitement.
When disdinamicheskoy VSD ranges pressure, impaired blood flow to tissues.Violations thermoregulatory nature characterized by raising the temperature to 38˚S or down to 35 degrees.This variability may be permanent, long-term or short-term.
Diarrhoeal changes are associated with abdominal pain, stomach disorders such as nausea and vomiting, belching appearances, constipation or diarrhea.
for sexual pathologies characteristic of anorgasmia, and on the part of the urinary system is marked much frequent urination with painful symptoms.
Neuropsychiatric disorders are characterized by the appearance of general weakness and fatigue, flaccid state, with reduced capacity for work, formed the pain of various etiologies, dizziness, increased sensitivity to weather changes, sleep disturbances, a feeling of anxiety, and others.
Furthermore, the IRR is classified in threetypes such as cardiac, hypertensive and hypotensive types.
for cardiac type IRR is characterized pain in my heart, sometimes very sharp, stabbing and burning, which are mostly very badly cropped, also appears intermittent palpitations of the heart, which is quite hard to bear subjective.Cardiac type of the syndrome is sometimes manifested in the form of attacks of tachycardia, accompanied by shortness of breath and changes on the electrocardiogram.During the stabbing pain and discomfort in the heart of taking Valerian, Validol, Valocordin and Corvalol.If tachyarrhythmia recommend eating Barvoval, potassium supplements, Korvaldin, Pumpan, Stress grand, Kralonin, Ignacy, card faces and Neurohel.All they have antispasmodic, vasodilator and sedative effect.An increase in blood pressure and tachycardia manages to achieve a positive effect, using blockers and reserpine.
For hypotensive type IRR is characterized fatigue, drowsiness and a sluggish state, weakness, a feeling of coldness in hands and feet, the occurrence of blackout with a sharp rising, fainting when blood pressure mm Hg lower than 100/60.Art.
IRR hypertensive type due to the advent of frequent headaches, periodic ups blood pressure to 140/90 mm Hg.Art.and dizziness.If you can not control this type of ESP, it can develop into hypertension.As a rule, it is recommended to take sedatives or herbs, which include hawthorn, St. John's wort, valerian, skullcap Baikal.Also, in the form of tea, infusions and tinctures use rosemary, astragalus, lemon balm, sweet clover, peony, sage and others. With the help of sedatives regulate the processes of inhibition and excitation of the central nervous system.When hypertension inside the skull with a small VSD helps dehydration therapy with long-term use of diuretics.
for hypotensive and hypertensive type of VSD is not recommended immediately appoint antihypertensive synthetic drugs or hypertensive.First, better use of plant origin.Drugs such as adaptogens have anti-stress effect at the cellular level.For example, Siberian ginseng is used in asthenic states character, accompanied by suspiciousness and hypochondria.But Rhodiola rosea increases the body's resistance to stress and disease, especially in hypotonic type of VSD.
When neurosis and depression that accompany the IRR prescribe antidepressants.They help relieve asthenia and improve the emotional state of patients.
VSD on hypertonic type
The diagnosis of hypertensive type IRR based on symptoms such as dizziness, heart palpitations, periodic ups of blood pressure without diagnosis of hypertension on the basis of medical examinations and tests.