Pityriasis versicolor in humans is a fungal disease of the skin.His act pathogen fungi Malassezia, who live in the horny layer of the epidermis.The disease is very common in countries with very hot climates, however, has not been spared and our temperate continental climate.The risk factor falls to 10% of people living in our climate.Factors provoking chromophytosis, include the presence of the patient excessive sweating and seborrheic diathesis.
The term ringworm is known from the time of Hippocrates.This title brings together the majority of skin diseases which are characterized by the appearance of scaly patches of color.So, lichen stands umbrella term of all dermatoses.Lisha provoked by different causes: viruses, fungi, decreased immunity.However, the etiology of certain forms of pityriasis color stripping is still unknown.
Pityriasis versicolor - Causes
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Pityriasis versicolor - symptoms
Onset of the disease is associated with the emergence of a small but sore and slightly raised above the surface of the skin of pink spots.Over time, the patches spread and increase in diameter and 5 mm, getting in a state of inflammation is not a light brown color.Their principal place of localization on the skin of the back, chest and neck, at least the head and groin.
chromophytosis What is and how to diagnose?Under Wood's lamp multicolored lichen gets a yellow glow.Under the microscope can observe the accumulation of fungal filaments with rounded cells.Diagnosis is based on clinical manifestations, as well as the positive iodine sample.Iodine sample Balser allows you to immediately detect the presence of the fungus on the skin, as after the affected areas become dark brown color.On tanned skin spots depriving become lighter in color.These spots can merge and form large pockets, but can exist in isolation.Often, no inflammation, and only has mild defurfuration.The incubation period lasts for tinea versicolor from two weeks to several months.The disease occurs in three forms.
For the first eritematoskvamoznoy form, characterized by the emergence of non-inflammatory blemishes from light brown to a dark color.Initially, only the spots are small and eventually increase in size.A careful examination can detect defurfuration.Itching is absent or very slight.A popular place for the localization of the fungus - chest, back, much less the abdomen and shoulder.Children can be seen on the scalp pathogenic process.For
second follicular forms characterized by the appearance of papules and pustules in diameter and 3 mm.The second form is accompanied by itching.In the pathogenesis of this process affects poor history of other diseases.
For the third, invert forms, characterized by lesions in the natural skin folds.
main symptoms of tinea versicolor are enhanced sweating and itching.Pityriasis versicolor color is often accompanied by endocrine diseases, gastrointestinal disease, immunodeficiency.
Pityriasis versicolor - treatment
treatment carried out in complex and different drugs.Most started using antifungals, some doctors remain committed to salicyl alcohol in the treatment of tinea versicolor.The main problem in the treatment of disease recurrence remains.This is typical when self-medication or haphazard treatment.In this case it will be important since prevention pityriasis versicolor, which includes hygiene, hardening, water-salt and water-acetic wiping.
Pityriasis versicolor a person is contagious when disregard the rules of personal hygiene: to shared clothing, towels, hats, visit the natural beaches.
chromophytosis How to treat?Treatment of tinea versicolor is applied antifungal drugs, and on the skin.Widely used and used drugs triazole series.These include Fluconazole, tools and shampoos with selenium sulfide.At this point, the high clinical efficacy show which comprise imidazole derivatives - ketoconazole, bifonazole, Sertaconazole.These drugs are very effective in the treatment of tinea versicolor.
well-proven method of treatment shampoo Nizoral with fluconazole.Strictly adhering to the instructions, you will achieve good results.
Given the nature of the lesion, it is important to use the funds in the form of solutions, sprays, lotions.Ointments are not comfortable, are difficult because of causing the head and groin.In order to prevent a relapse, it is recommended daily iron and change clothes.If you change the pigmentation of the skin, apply Cycloserine.
Ointment for tinea versicolor, used in the treatment - clotrimazole, mikoseptin Mifungar.
tablets for the treatment of tinea versicolor following - Rumikoz, Terbizil.
Pityriasis versicolor - national treatment
Traditional medicine offers a variety of recipes, as well as medicines from plants to treat tinea colored lichen.Marked by a good effect of the use of sea buckthorn, mammal, peach, Dog rose oil.It is widely used in the treatment of tinea versicolor apple cider vinegar.It is necessary to lubricate zoster per day up to seven times.Within a week, the procedure should be repeated at least twice.
well proven decoction of the root and seeds of sorrel.To do this, a glass of crushed seeds and roots pour a glass of water and boil for five minutes, then insist and strain.This infusion to wipe chromophytosis.And from the leaves and stems of sorrel do gruel, mix with cream or sour cream and put on the affected areas of the skin.
How else to get rid of tinea versicolor?Apply the treatment rue fragrant.We grind it into a powder, mixed with butter is one to five and lubricates chromophytosis.
effective results in the treatment of lichen gives flushing of the skin with tincture of St. John's wort.To do this, two large tablespoons herb pour cup of boiling water, and then to insist hour and wipe the stain.
relieves, itching removing sealer and oil, as well as effective ointment from the powder of the plant.For this portion of the powder is taken St. John's wort and connects with Vaseline or lard.
From burdock oil is produced, and is applied twice daily to areas affected by ringworm.Treatment is carried out for up to ten days.
good remedy for tinea versicolor, which helps in the treatment - Calendula officinalis juice and vodka tincture of marigold flowers.
People's treatment includes the use of the properties of onion.For this it is necessary to grind the bow, and further squeeze the juice.This juice lubricates the affected areas up to three times a day.
against tinea versicolor is effective in the treatment of cranberry chetyrehlepestnaya.To do this, the affected skin is rubbed sap.
as tinea versicolor prevention in hot weather it is recommended to apply the skin salicylic alcohol or acidified water.The fungus is afraid of acidic environment.To do this, use vinegar, lemon juice or antifungal agents.You should always disinfection of clothes and hats, bed clothes in a solution of baking soda and soap, and with further proglazhivaniem.Patients are advised to refrain from heavy loads, sweating, stress, keep clean skin, avoid to wear synthetic products.