dermatoses is the collective name of a large number of diseases that have congenital and acquired character, manifested in pathological changes in the skin.Dermatos very name in Greek language means the skin.
dermatoses has no age dependence and may be a self-acquired disease, or be a manifestation of other diseases.Medicine exist in a wide variety.The most common of these dermatitis fall under the same concept, the term gets eczema and psoriasis, but each has its own scheme of treatment and strictly individual program.
dermatoses different manifestations and provoke their external and internal causes in any age range.Dermatoses can manifest itself in the form of allergic reactions, poisoning and disorders of the immune system of the body, a variety of inflammatory, infectious disease with a long history, endocrine diseases, diseases of the blood and blood vessels, prolonged fever.
Causes dermatosis can also be a cosmetic, mechanical damage, chemical compo
small probability of occurrence of dermatoses comes to endocrine diseases, stress, illness gastrointestinal tract, can undermine the body's immune defenses.
Medicine Clinic identifies several groups:
- dermatosis in the absence of cutaneous signs, but in the presence of symptoms (fever, weakness);
- dermatosis in the presence of subjective sensations of cutaneous (skin burning, violation of the sensitivity of the skin, itching, numbness, pain);
- dermatosis at broadly, the presence of objective cutaneous manifestations (rash, hives, redness, peeling, itching, allergic).
Psoriasis and atopic dermatoses belong to the most frequently encountered.The cause of these diseases are the neurological disorders, as well as genetic predisposition and existing diseases of the immune and endocrine systems.
If the resistance of the body decreases, the rapid growth is a fungal, viral and pustular dermatoses.Scabies is a representative of a group of dermatoses, which occurs when the skin infection after a tick bite.Most favor a consequence of dermatitis symptoms of diseases of internal organs.And the consequences of direct influence can be found in the internal organs and the general condition of the skin.The skin is marked pale appearance, as in anemia or as hepatitis yellowness.The skin may show externally metabolic disorders.How, for example, in diabetes mellitus: abrasions, skin itch.Various skin rashes occur in patients in violation of the hematopoietic system (leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease).Chronic sinusitis, carious teeth, tonsillitis positively contribute to the development of the following diseases: lupus, psoriasis, exudative erythema multiforme, urticaria.
Sometimes there are congenital skin disease, emerging at the time of intrauterine infection control, for example, congenital syphilis, or genetic inheritance is caused by the disease.For each type of disease dermatosis has its own characteristic pattern, which is important in the diagnosis.
different age stages of human clinical features are in the manifestations of dermatoses.Children dermatosis characterized hereditary skin diseases and birth defects.
to puberty characterized by typical acne vulgaris and seborrhea.Scabies in children occurs in the legs, soles, in infants face.Psoriasis in children is mild, but released pronounced exudation.Causes of psoriasis treatment and is in the early diagnosis of the disease.
senile dermatosis characterized by the type of keratomas, senile warts, as well as their inherent atrophy and hemosiderosis skin.Pathogens are the pyogenic bacteria - it piokokki (in most cases, streptococci and staphylococci) that are in the environment on the surface of the skin, clothing, household items, in the air.But the trouble and cause disease when they are able to decrease the body's immunity.In the area of risk include industrial and household microtrauma (abrasions, cuts, pricks, abrasions), as well as hypothermia, overheating, pollution.
One of the most common groups of dermatoses - a fungal skin disease.Some groups have expressed contagious and generated by the yeast, affecting the nails, skin folds, feet, torso skin.For their development matters sweating, exercise, inappropriate clothing, poor hygiene practices.To catch them is possible in public showers, saunas, baths, pools.Viral contamination, devoted a significant place among the infectious diseases of the skin.It gets molluscum contagiosum, herpes infection, warts.Dermatitis associated with cancer, occupy a significant place in the diagnostic treatment of all skin diseases.Cancer Medicine are the first symptoms of cancer.
This group includes the following diseases: atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, eczema, pruritus.At the clinic they are different, but the pattern is very similar origin.Previously, this group was called neyrodermatozami.Currently, the term forgotten, but it was he who allocates a significant role of the changes in the nervous system, and its impact on the disease itself.
dermatoses in children
for children characterized by allergic dermatitis, which most of the children suffer from the northern, industrial areas.Causes dermatosis in children into the first mark artificial feeding babies (allergy to the mixture), pollution and use of chemicals in agriculture, which increases the percentage of nitrite and nitrate vegetables.Current dermatosis in children over time becomes severe chronic.
treatment of dermatoses in children should begin with examination by a pediatrician, and he has already drawn attention to the condition of the gastrointestinal tract, the liver, the presence of chronic tonsillitis, helminthic infestation, bad teeth.It is possible that your child will require consultation of the gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, otolaryngologist.
Of course, it is important to kids diet and eliminate from the diet of cream pastries, chocolate, honey, coffee, cocoa, nuts, candy, egg white, wheat products: pastries, white bread, pasta, wheat and semolina, and citrus fruits,pomegranates, red apples, bananas, cherries, grapes, melons, strawberries, mushrooms, raspberries, currants, tomatoes, beans, smoked.
treatment of allergic dermatoses effectively by national - eggshells.For the preparation you will need washed, cooked, fresh shell without film.Shell dry them, grind into powder grinder, sieved through and give the child a pre-squeezing drops of lemon juice into the egg shell.Adding lemon juice helps to assimilate substances present in the shell.
dermatoses of pregnancy
skin disease appears, the external manifestation of pathological processes that occur in the body for future moms.It requires the state to come seriously, requires medical supervision and treatment, since the timely treatment depends on the favorable outcome of pregnancy.Dermatoses of pregnancy are often worried about the third trimester of pregnancy.Those at risk include nulliparous women who have experienced a strong first trimester morning sickness.When pregnancy dermatoses acquire forms: papular dermatitis herpetiformis impetigo, herpes, pregnancy, papular urticaria, prurigo of pregnancy.
addition to skin rashes pregnant bother following ailments: fever, diarrhea, fever, arthralgia, significant weight loss, convulsions, lethargy and depression.
treatment is not significantly different from the conventional treatment of dermatoses and is aimed at the use of corticosteroids and antihistamines.
treatment of dermatoses, including a common name of some skin diseases, is diverse in his clinic, so any therapeutic measures shall dermatologist.Each patient's treatment is individually form.It depends on the sensitivity of the skin to allergens and various related diseases.Regarding food recommended dieting.For example, weeping eczema (diet №7, table №7), allergic diseases, diabetes (diet number 9, table №9), increase immunity - the body's defenses (diet №11, table №11).For overall health including general physiotherapy, as well as the restriction of water treatments.
How to treat dermatosis?
treatment of dermatoses, divided by the total (symptomatic, etiological, pathogenetic) and local.Pharmacological agents that are used externally, have symptomatic (keratolytic, anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, destructive, antiskleroziruyuschee stimulating regenerative, depigmenting, repigmentiruyuschee) effects, as well as the etiological (antibacterial, antiparasitic, antifungal) effect.
Using drugs (solutions, lotions, creams, powders, ointments, gels, pastes, soaps, adhesives, plasters, varnishes) and possibly exert influence on the symptomatic treatment of dermatosis.
Medications for the treatment of dermatoses: Cetirizine, Azithromycin forte, Alpha Tocopherol Acetate Oil, Calcium gluconate ekstratab, Fenistil gel Pimafukort, Azithromycin, Azitsid, Azithromycin OBL, Tsetrin, loratadine, Tavegil, Diazolin-Darnitsa, New Pass Diprosalik,Triderm, cetirizine hexane, Elokim.A good therapeutic effect has physiotherapy and spa treatment.The occurrence of dermatoses often accompanied by clear signs of inflammation, which is effective in reducing medication group of corticosteroids.Later in the interaction of a number of drugs is accelerated repair processes in the skin, as well as their cleaning and restoration.With regard to the stage of the disease the physician selects drugs method and form of administration.