hyperkeratosis - a disease which manifests itself in the excessive development of the horny layer of human skin.The disease is caused by external (friction, pressure, influence of lubricating oils) and internal (Vitamin A deficiency, professional intoxication, changing the function of the endocrine glands) causes.
Hyperkeratosis of the skin leads to the formation of nodules of various sizes, horny plates, spikes, projections.Thus the skin becomes dry and sweating diminished.The disease may be accompanied by painful cracks on the soles and palms.Hyperkeratosis of the skin is limited (keratomas, warts, calluses) and diffuse, occupying large areas of skin.
Hyperkeratosis of the skin does not appear independent disease.It is usually accompanied by other illnesses: zoster, ichthyosis, erythroderma.Healthy people are also susceptible to the disease to a lesser degree on the feet, elbows, sometimes on his knees.
hyperkeratosis exogenous reasons: excessive,
hyperkeratosis endogenous reasons: systemic diseases that occur in chronic (diabetes, skin ichthyosis, psoriasis, Vitamin A deficiency, professional intoxication).
The cells of the stratum corneum with the disease hard to divide, resulting in violations of the shedding of the epidermis and thickening of the skin of a few centimeters.Follicular hyperkeratosis serves as one of the symptoms of the disease.Excessive actinic as well as changes in the detachments of the upper layers of the epidermis, resulting in blockage of the flow of skin scales follicle.The percentage of incidence is higher in people whose relatives have suffered from follicular hyperkeratosis.Deficiency of vitamins C, A violation of the rules of personal hygiene are also risk factors for the disease.Permanent effects on the skin of hard water and cold can lead to changes in the functions of the skin.After returning to the previous mode of life symptoms disappear.
follicular hyperkeratosis of the skin is clinically manifested in the form of small red bumps, pimples, which are formed on the site of the follicles.The skin then becomes dry and goose.The area is striking is hyperkeratosis buttocks, outer thighs, elbows and knees.If the impact of adverse factors on the skin for a long time, the disease takes a common, affecting your hands and lower limbs.If you have symptoms of the disease, as well as constant mechanical action (coarse clothes), the skin turns into a rough, similar to zhabyu.
nodules of follicular hyperkeratosis of the skin can become infected with the trauma or involuntary self-squeezing that leads to secondary pyoderma.
follicular hyperkeratosis of the skin shall not be life threatening, but needs treatment as cosmetic defects are the cause of psychological trauma.Diagnosis is based on clinical signs.Solve the problem of transient very difficult.With long-term course of the disease need to be examined by a physician, dermatologist, endocrinologist.
disease is characterized by excessive, excessive thickening layer of the epidermis.The causes lie in the rapid division of cells, which contributes to thickening of the skin.
How to treat hyperkeratosis?This will help you to a dermatologist.However, as prevention should be applied to the face scrubs and softening cream, removes the stratum corneum cells.
This disease appears thickened stratum corneum, which rises above the lip, reminiscent of a whitish-gray scales.The disease is painless flat and level surface.The surrounding tissues around the lips can also become inflamed and blush.The main and the main danger is the possibility of rebirth in frequent precancerous condition.The disease is common among young people because of the long residence time in the sun or in the cold.
hyperkeratosis of the nail bed is the main cause in the thickening of nails.Thus, the nail bed, is responsible for inflammation.Often the cause is onychomycosis, but there are chronic inflammation of psoriasis, red hair ringworm, chronic eczema.Very rarely encountered in subungual hyperkeratosis warts on the nail bed or the cause of lichen planus appears.
This disease is considered to be a cosmetic defect, but the skin of the foot passes the state of the organism as a whole.Hyperkeratosis stop is able to achieve a few centimeters, and dry skin is prone to form painful bleeding cracks.At the same time a person experiences pain when walking, burning, tightness feet.
reason hyperkeratosis stop acts close and uncomfortable shoes, or lack of foot care, acquired and hereditary diseases of the foot, diseases of internal organs.Overweight, high loads, flat and are the cause of disease.Thickening and coarsening of the skin of the foot begins gradually, so proper care can help avoid this problem.
When plantar calluses can suggest a connection with endocrine disorders, or fungal diseases.
Hyperkeratosis outer edge of the heel speaks of the heel turn it inside in time to walk away.
Hyperkeratosis inner edge occurs during malposition heel and weak leg muscles and ligaments of the ankle joint.
Hyperkeratosis treatment of folk remedies
Many originally trying to help themselves.At home treatment may be slightly delayed.Effective salt foot bath (not in hot water) and the use of pumice, mechanical grinding and keratolytic ointments.But without a permanent proper care and preventive procedures pathological condition stop coming back.With age, the disease occurs more rapidly, so consult a doctor, podiatry and treatment sessions will be needed.Perform preventive correction of body weight, fungal diseases and wearing comfortable shoes.
Follikulyarnoy hyperkeratosis treated soothing ointments and topical preparations having peeling effect.Also important is the correction of the internal organs.Using mechanical
scrubs and traumatized or pumice can infect the skin, leading to the progression of symptoms.But the use of mechanical scrubs and pumice in follicular hyperkeratosis during contraindicated because trauma can lead to infection, as well as the progression of symptoms.
Vitamins C and A, taken by mouth and externally (ointments) accelerate the process of shedding of the epithelium, as well as the formation of new cells.Professional treatment of follicular hyperkeratosis engaged dermatocosmetologists and beauticians.
lenticular disseminated hyperkeratosis and treated with ointments containing glucocorticosteroids and aromatic retinoids.
Hyperkeratosis stop such treatment include: cracks in the event of application apply (ointment sintomitsinovoy), as well as the lubrication of affected places Retinol solution.When the cracks heal, remove excess skin mass.
Treatment of plantar hyperkeratosis is made by an Podiatry.Patient selected desired footwear at which the load is distributed uniformly on the whole foot.If there has been a correction of orthopedic diseases orthopedic surgeon.Also, the correction of endocrine disorders and appointed antifungal therapy.