streptococcal skin being the infectious disease is caused by streptococcal microflora.All activity takes place with the formation of micro-organisms on the skin scaly, purulent elements rounded shape. Dimensions hearths streptoderma able to mutate in diameter from one millimeter to ten or more centimeters.
streptococcal skin is able to evolve following the introduction of pathogens.In this case, we are talking about a beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A. It was found that the organism is pathogenic stands for the heart and kidneys, and therefore develop autoimmune diseases and allergic dermatitis.
reasons affecting streptoderma disease - a chronic, low immunity, toxicity, stress, vitamin deficiencies, fatigue, starvation.
streptoderma from what appears?
The skin of a healthy person is responsible for the barrier function, protecting against penetration inside the body's various pathogens.After exposure on the human body of various factors internal
Another reason streptoderma are microtrauma of the skin, which also affect the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms in the skin.These include bites, abrasions, raschёsy and abrasions.
streptoderma contagious or not?Yes, because infection occurs through contact-household path, or directly through contact with the patient, as well as through the use of common objects.
Subjective feelings are always with the disease are virtually absent.In some cases, patients complain of itch and dry skin.
How does streptoderma?
After the incubation period (7-10 days) in the skin appear pink, round spots with irregular shape.A few days later spots turn into purulent bubble elements.
There are two forms of streptococcal.Differentiate them depending on the extent of the skin.
If streptoderma developed against the streptococcal impetigo, then there pus bubbles that can quickly be opened.Healing leaves no cosmetic defects, as well as scarring.In this form often affects thin-skinned and delicate skin of the face (nose, mouth), and other open areas of the body (foot, hand, calf).The disease is characterized by the abrupt onset.Initially, the flushed skin background there is a bubble, no more than a pea with yellow contents.Bubble able to grow rapidly, reaching 1-2 cm. Then he opened, at the same time exposing the erosive surface.Then he dries instantly, forming a honey-yellow crusts.Formed elements are accompanied by intolerable itching, leading to scratching and further infection of healthy skin.So expanding lesions.
If streptoderma developed against the background of ordinary ecthyma, which is considered a form of deep, then amazed, first of all, the sprout layer of the skin, which subsequently leads to the appearance of scars.This strep affects deeper layers of skin, increasing very rapidly and spreading on the skin.Often ecthyma is located on the lower limbs.
Primary streptoderma carries localized, then disregard the rules of hygiene, and the lack of adequate treatment leads to the spread of infection.Contact the affected areas with water also contributes to the spread of the disease.Particularly noticeable is observed in children infected streptoderma after washing, when the skin is affected over time increases in size, and there is swelling on the face.Any changes in local blood circulation, as well as an imbalance of skin metabolism, can increase the susceptibility of the skin to pathogenic agents, as well as provoke streptoderma.Streptococcal Complications may lead to new disease - microbial eczema.Acute shallow streptoderma leaves behind a temporary hypopigmentation of the skin.
Onset occurs with the formation of reddened, small bubbles - pustules that are filled with murky liquid.
symptoms observed streptoderma open the skin (the nose, the chin, the corners of the mouth, hands, legs and feet).Fluid-filled blisters, up to one centimeter, burst, forming a yellowish-brown crust.Next had dried, red spots disappear over time.The main symptom of streptococcal - an irresistible itch.
rarely observed other symptoms of streptococcal fever, and swollen lymph nodes.
Deep streptococcal form is characterized by ulcerative rash with thick crust.Healing leaves behind visible scars.Often affects the lower limbs and gradually process can spread throughout the skin.
the diffuse nature of streptococcal infection foci rapidly spread throughout the body, merging with each other.Intertriginoznoy form of streptococcal celebrated the defeat of the folds of the skin, while the process is beyond the folds comes out.Chronic forms of streptococcal often occur in the context of diseases such as diabetes, renal failure and other chronic conditions.Clinically, chronic streptoderma a manifestation of lesions larger in diameter to 10 cm, scalloped edges, uneven, with a horny, loose layer of the epidermis at the periphery.Which revealed purulent blisters turn into purulent serous crust with a hint of yellow.
When removing crusts opens pink, erosive surface.Long and lingering over streptoderma leads to the degeneration of the new microbial disease eczema.
disease in adults frequently occurs as a secondary infection on a background of established disease.For example, the ordinary background eczema.Rarely, the disease can be triggered by trauma to the skin such as cuts, insect bites.
streptoderma adults occurs through the contact path of the sick children, adults, or through objects (general).
streptoderma in adults is usually for a lighter than in children.It can be quite up to three weeks to deal with non-drug disease.However, the disease can not be run because the disease quickly spread throughout the skin.
streptoderma adults often takes place without pain and acute stage predpolozhitelen little itchy, as well as a slight burning sensation.In rare cases, contact with open sores infection occurs inflammatory response, accompanied by an increase in temperature and an increase in regional lymph nodes.If streptoderma formed with diabetes mellitus, when the affected limb, then the healing takes months.
Self - this is the basic error of adults.The use of antibacterial drugs can change the clinical picture, which greatly complicate diagnosis.The doctor, after a visual inspection can make a mistake, therefore, only laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis.
streptoderma treatment in adults has only complex.During treatment, it is important to strictly follow all instructions of your doctor and avoid contact with water, chemical products.According to the testimony of the patient and prescribe physiotherapy.
In this infectious disease has such a kind as dry streptoderma.As an infectious skin disease, it spreads easily among people.
Dry streptoderma in common is called shingles.Timely detection of streptococcal dry - this is an opportunity not to start a disease.The treatment is effective as medical drugs and folk remedies.Cured dry streptoderma behind leaves no residue.
cause of the disease is contact with sick, fine epidermal, insect bites, contaminated water basin.The source of infection are: clothes, hands, clothing, household items, toys.
Dry streptoderma - is primarily a weak immune system, and vitamin deficiency.Outbreaks occur in the spring, with a decrease in immunity.
flow dry streptoderma often acute.The foci of inflammation are oval-shaped spots, reaching a diameter of five centimeters.They have the color from white to pink, the top covered with scabs.Favorite place of localization - the face, nose, mouth, ears, lower jaw, cheeks.Sometimes the spots are distributed on the buttocks, back, bottom, and upper limbs.Rarely is accompanied by complications in the form of Zayed, angular stomatitis, BTE streptoderma.Itching with moderate temperature remains normal.
it diagnosed using a biological planting material.This distinguishes the disease from other fungal infections.In the treatment used: antibiotic ointments, disinfectants, vitamins and minerals, antihistamines.
Initially the lesion treated with iodine, brilliant green, fukortsinom.Next, treatment using antibiotic ointments, preparations containing vitamins A and E. To avoid allergic reactions recommended antihistamines.
Traditional medicine uses in the treatment of alcohol tinctures (of hazelnut, walnut leaves, bark, elderberry).Sometimes after treatment are dark spots that disappear on their own.
Skin diseases deliver a lot of trouble kids and parents.And streptoderma children included in this number is quite common diseases.Many mothers have to deal with this problem.Streptoderma in children caused by streptococcal bacteria.The group includes streptococcal impetigo, ecthyma vulgar, lichen simplex person streptococcal'll pick, erysipelas, chronic diffuse streptoderma.Flash streptoderma with some frequency observed in the pre-closed groups, as well as kindergartens.The cause of the infection are the infected children, as well as common toys.Violation of hygiene can cause infection of children.
streptoderma symptoms in children
extensive lesions in children marked rise in temperature to subfebrile, and enlarged lymph nodes.To confirm the diagnosis of conduct microscopic examination and bacteriological seeding scraping.After examining the material taken during scraping find streptococci.Microscopic examination is important to carry out before initiating therapy.
If a child is treated with antibacterial ointments alone, it is likely that the microscopy diagnosis was not confirmed.Then streptoderma diagnosed by clinical manifestations.
streptoderma children treated
Provided that streptococcal foci are very isolated and this general state of children is not getting worse, it is sufficient in the treatment of local therapy.All other cases, except for local products include vitamin therapy, gene therapy, restorative drugs, ultraviolet irradiation of blood and therapeutic UV radiation on skin areas.
Than to treat streptococcal impetigo in children?
streptoderma on the face of the child in the form of 1-2% Zayed treated with silver nitrate.Long lingering manifestations of streptococcal need treatment with antibacterial drugs to 6 days.Babies treated nails alcoholic solution of iodine.Norsulfazol and Sulfanilamidnye drugs prescribed for better therapeutic effect.Do not be redundant precautions to carry out daily wet cleaning, disinfection of premises, ventilate the room and kvartsevat allocate individual child dishes, toothbrush, underwear.After using all the items thoroughly disinfected (boiled handle antiseptic solutions: hydrogen peroxide, alcohol).
When a microtrauma of the skin, including cuts, bruises, bites, it is necessary to hold antiseptic.During treatment streptoderma limit contact with water, use only the infusion of chamomile.
Synthetic products, warm clothing is accelerated sweating.For this reason, children dress temperature, and indoor dress only natural things.
sick children necessarily isolated from healthy.To treatment connected hypoallergenic diet.Systematic treatment of skin lesions in places.Blisters and pustules cautiously opened sterile needles, and then twice a day, the wounds treated with aniline dyes (methylene blue, brilliant green).Then superimposed aseptic, dry bandage with disinfectant ointments.If
often formed when the crust streptoderma, the pockets of salicylic smeared with Vaseline, and then 20 hours later they were safely removed.
Encourage your baby right from childhood, as well as high-grade feed, walk, he is interested in active sports.
streptoderma diagnosis in children
skin diseases, acute lesions of being prone to the rapid spread and the appearance of symptoms such as blisters and itching.Therefore, it is important to consult your doctor immediately.The specialist will assign you a mycological study and microscopic skin flakes.Self in this situation may lead to aggravation of the disease.
streptoderma requires differentiation from diseases such as urticaria, pyoderma, pityriasis versicolor, atopic dermatitis, eczema.
When individual outbreaks streptoderma when the general condition persists, and children have a normal immune status, local therapy is recommended.All other cases are still further include vitamin therapy, gene therapy, restorative drugs, ultraviolet blood irradiation.
At the time of treatment should exclude streptococcal contacting with water and wipe the areas of healthy skin swab dipped in chamomile infusion.The sock prefer only natural fabrics and synthetic products removed from the wardrobe, because they provoke sweating.Isolate sick children, and for the remaining set quarantine for ten days.
effective in the treatment proved to be hypoallergenic diet, which excludes food spicy, fatty, sweet.Diet №9, table №9 reduces allergic condition, and the skin, infected streptoderma, dries up.
streptoderma at an early stage of development is in need of external procedures.To eliminate the peripheral distribution of the skin around the hearth must be twice a day cleaned with disinfectant solutions using Boric or salicylic alcohol.How to treat
next?If bubbles are already available and erosion, it is necessary to hold the outer procedures which consist of a wet, drying dressings (Silver nitrate, resorcinol).Therapeutic effect is directly related to the implementation of the right technique.Gauze, sterile cloth, folded in 8 layers pressed in a solution and applied to damaged skin.After 15 minutes the procedure is repeated.Within one hour thirty minutes manipulations occur, then a break for three hours and then repeat the procedure.
Cracks - perleches, which were formed in the corners, should be lubricated with silver nitrate three times a day.
Blisters should be opened aseptically.Then the bubbles to be processed dressings with antibacterial ointment (tetracycline ointment, ointment streptocidal) up to 12 hours twice a day.
Corky be treated with disinfectants ointments (ethacridine-boron-Naftalan, rivanola, erythromycin ointment).