Sycosis - chronic or acute, often relapsing inflammation of the skin, usually occurs as a result of penetration of staphylococci in the hair follicles.Preferably, the disease occurs in men, especially if they present functional disorders endocrine and nervous systems, as well as pockets of chronic infection (conjunctivitis, rhinitis, etc.).
Sycosis most often localized on the skin of the vestibule of the nose, in the beard and / or mustache.Much less affected his eyebrows, eyelids, pubis and armpits.
Sycosis to distinguish staphylococcal or ordinary (a kind of staphylococcal pyoderma) and parasitic (a kind of purulent-infiltrative form trihofitii).
The main reasons for the development of sycosis predisposing factors include the following: endocrine and nervous disorders, microtrauma shaving, skin contamination, chronic rhinitis, seborrhea.Why Sycosis always shows a long and hard for, the researchers have not identified.
disease always begins with the appearance of localized at the
Due to continuous occurrence of pustules on the same site, there is a development of confluent dense inflammatory infiltrate.Struck by the skin becomes bluish-red color, the lesions begin to grow on the periphery and merge to form large areas of destruction.Plaque forming pronounced red.Deleted from the lesion hair in its root portion surrounded by glassy translucent clutch.Thick purulent crusts are closely fused with the hair.In some cases, may complicate Sycosis diseases such as facial abrasions and impetigo.
Staphylococcal sycosis may occur over several years, punctuated by long periods of remission.
Through long observation of this disease has been proven that very often Sycosis provoked by the presence of chronic rhinitis (persistent rhinitis), which, as it loosens the skin of the upper lip, thereby massaging it staphylococci containing mucus on blowing the nose.
Diagnosis of the disease is not usually any difficulty.Staphylococcal sycosis must be distinguished from the parasite, which is characterized by large areas of sharply defined pyoinflammatory regions significantly above the surface of the skin.
for sycosis is characterized by long duration, the tendency to relapse, and the gradual spread.
Treatment of sycosis dermatologist performed on an outpatient basis.Usually shows the use levomitsetinovogo or sintomitsinovoy 1-10% liniment, alcohol solutions of aniline dyes or fukortsinom.When eczematization and presence of crusts indicated for use: gioksizon, Lorinden-C Oksikort, boron-Tar 2% ointment.Concurrently should conduct manual hair removal.The final therapeutic step includes 8-10 sessions of UV irradiation.
Total sycosis therapy involves applying for two - three weeks of broad-spectrum antibiotics or fuzidin- sodium in combination with staphylococcal toxoid, or metiluratsilom splenin.Also shown is the use of sedatives and the normalization of conditions of work and rest.
sycosis outlook is quite favorable.Prevention of the disease is high-quality processing of micro traumas disinfectant, hygienic rules of skin care.Also important is the timely prophylactic treatment of rhinitis and conjunctivitis, often are risk factors for the development of sycosis ordinary skin in anticipation of the nose and the eyelids.
to prevent the spread of the ordinary sycosis, fingers, as well as the skin around the lesion should be cleaned with 2% salicylic alcohol or camphor.