Hyperhidrosis - a frequent pathological condition characterized by excessive sweating.Thus sweat glands exceeding normal requirements which are sufficient to maintain the natural body temperature.Normally, a healthy person main function of sweating is considered maintenance of normal body temperature, but it is worth it to occur increase as the sweat glands begin producing sweat in order to maintain a sufficient amount of the initial temperature.
main types of hyperhidrosis are: idiopathic hyperhidrosis (no known cause) and secondary hyperhidrosis (another symptom of a pathological state).
Sweating may be local (affects specific areas of the body) or generalized (whole body surface affected).
Idiopathic hyperhidrosis is often local and usually appears on the face, armpits, feet and palms with varying degrees of intensity.
Secondary hyperhidrosis can manifest as generalized symptoms (common), and local (local).When the secondary hyperhidrosis, causes can serve various patholo
sweat glands in these patients, who suffer from hyperhidrosis, virtually indistinguishable from those of people with normal function of perspiration.
Hyperhidrosis defines hyperactivity rather than sweat gland hypertrophy.For those patients who have primary hyperhidrosis, there is a slightly increased basal sweating and pronounced response to stimuli in the normal emotional and physical stress.There is evidence that patients with hyperhidrosis have a lower threshold of emotional sweating.It is also possible for thermal stimulation hyperreactivity in these patients who are suffering from hyperhidrosis.Often, this is noted in the axillary hyperhidrosis, palmar hyperhidrosis at less.Based on the fact that the rash in children can also be from early childhood, the cause of its occurrence is defined as a physiological disorder.
One of the possible mechanisms of lowering the threshold of excitability of the sweat glands and the enhanced response to stimuli in patients with hyperhidrosis may be an increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system.Patients with plantar hyperhidrosis Palma says less bradycardia at cooling the person or Valsalva maneuver than in the control group (healthy subjects of the same age without hyperhidrosis), but more pronounced vasoconstriction cooling hands.This study suggests that excessive sympathetic activity passes through T2-T3 ganglia that causes hyperhidrosis palms.
Electroencephalography and PET of the brain in patients with primary hyperhidrosis have confirmed the occurrence of outbreaks ostrovolnovyh at hyperperfusion and hyperventilation in the frontal cortex of the brain.
Since hyperhidrosis often begins to develop in childhood and is often a hereditary disease, the physiological aspects of the disease may be genetically predetermined.
examining the causes of local hyperhidrosis, it is easy to recognize.The patient usually complains of intense sweating paraksizmalnoj in certain areas of the body.For example, in the armpits, hands, feet, face, and head.
Excessive sweating can be determined in just one or all of the above areas, but is more common combination of hyperhidrosis of the palms and on the feet than the local axillary hyperhidrosis.Local hyperhidrosis may occur in both men and women, but studies show that women it occurs twice.
intensive local sweating at local hyperhidrosis can be detected during stressful situations.Possible pathophysiological aspects of local hyperhidrosis are explained by the theory of autonomous dual innervation of the glands of palms, feet and armpits, and using the theory of over-sensitivity merokrinnoy system to increased blood concentrations of adrenaline and / or noradrenaline in the emotional outburst.
There may also be local hyperhidrosis after meals.Patients with this form of hyperhidrosis complain of excessive sweating face after a meal.This local form of hyperhidrosis usually occurs after taking a particular food, often after coffee, tea, chocolate, hot drinks and spicy dishes.Sweating occurs after a few minutes after ingestion and is most pronounced in the areas of the upper lip and brow.But in our time is still not clarified the causes of this type of local hyperhidrosis.
reasons for the emergence of generalized hyperhidrosis can be a great set.
When thyrotoxicosis as endocrine disorders, hyperhidrosis is the main symptom.Wet skin usually are hallmarks of the disease.
In diabetes also have an increased sweating skin.When hypoglycemia is also characteristic it is the presence of hyperhidrosis.
Climacteric syndrome is characterized by intense sweating and hot flashes associated with the cessation of menstruation, and they are, in fact, considered to be obvious signs of this syndrome.
When pheochromocytoma are cases where the patient has hypertension is accompanied by excessive sweating, which is good for the physician diagnostic trait.Such combinations of hyperhidrosis and high blood pressure are considered to be the only manifestation of this disease.
When carcinoid syndrome hyperhidrosis can complement the intense nature of vasomotor hot flashes, which are inherent to this syndrome.
Hyperhidrosis head, as well as generalized hyperhidrosis can be observed in 65% of patients with acromegaly.Sweating is due to a direct effect on peripheral tissues growth hormone, large amounts of which appear after the increase in activity of the cells in the pituitary gland such as acidophilus.
hyperhidrosis, accompanied by fever, can be considered as characteristic of all acute infectious and chronic infectious diseases.
When tuberculosis is marked sweating at night during sleep, and is defined as a classic symptom of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Brucellosis in many ways similar to tuberculosis hyperhidrosis, but it adds a fever.
In malaria also have a high body temperature, pouring sweat and shivering.
Hodgkin's disease as a cause gipegidroza generalized form, especially at night.
Lymphomas that are not associated with Hodgkin's disease manifest themselves excessive hyperhidrosis.Their group includes malignant tumors of histiocytic, lymphocytic, mixed nedeffirentsirovannoy, lymphoblastic lymphoma.
Compression of the spinal cord tumor metastases may show increased sweating just skin.
known that perspiration is the regulation of the autonomous nature, but as a local, and generalized hyperhidrosis may vary in certain lesions of the central nervous system.
In Parkinson's disease may occur hyperhidrosis hyperhidrosis of the head and face, which is a reaction compensation anhidrosis caused by damage to the autonomic nervous system.
defeat nerve fiber dorsal root during the course of neurosyphilis can provoke local hyperhidrosis.
Hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes as a result of major damage to the arteries of the brain may have a lesion of the hypothalamus and the violation of the proper functioning of the thermoregulatory center.
If hyperhidrosis occurs in children such reason as diencephalic syndrome newborns, which is characterized by excessive perspiration.
Generalized hyperhidrosis can be a typical manifestation of emotional stress, pain and reactive state.
Excessive sweating may relate to the possible side effects of a number of drugs that are widely used in the treatment of other diseases, including insulin, aspirin, anti-emetics, analgesics and morphine group promedol.
Hyperhidrosis can be one of the more striking symptoms of certain serious and life-threatening human conditions.During withdrawal of certain substances are typical vasomotor disorders, unstable body temperature, the excitement of the cerebral cortex.Excitation and tremor, excess sweating considered typical symptoms of opiate abstinence reactions and acute alcohol poisoning.
Hyperhidrosis can often act as the main symptoms in such emergencies as organophosphorus compounds poisoning group and fungi of the genus Amanita muscaria.
Hyperhidrosis is a violation potovydelitelnoy system.If the violation rate of sweating is much above designated sweating.Often, there is increased sweating on the palms on the face, on the head, in the armpits and on the soles.
head Hyperhidrosis is defined as excessive sweating hairy areas of the forehead and scalp.This type of hyperhidrosis is quite rare.A typical complaint for hyperhidrosis is profuse sweating of the head of the head, which often rises at high ambient temperatures and physical exertion.Often head sweating can be increased during times of stress, as well as at night.Also hyperhidrosis of the head can be combined with excessive sweating of the face, hands and erytrophobia, which is usually characterized by the appearance on the face marked red spots.
At local hyperhidrosis, for example, in the armpits, the patient notices the wet stains on the clothing, he has repeatedly disguise clothes during the day.Often, patients with local gipegidrozom avoid sports or social contacts because of embarrassment.In exceptional cases, sweaty areas of the skin more sensitive to the accession of infection, which may also be accompanied by an unpleasant odor, the cause of which can act as fungal infections of the skin.
Quite often accompany hyperhidrosis symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, anxiety, emotional instability.That is why the rash may be accompanied by facial redness of the face of the stress.
Generally, there are three degrees of hyperhidrosis.The first degree is characterized by excessive sweating, especially not a problem for the patient and for the people around him.Second degree hyperhidrosis describes awkward situational moments when shaking hands, in public speeches, etc.The third degree is characterized by specific psychological problems of the patient, which are associated with wet stains on the clothing, the smell of sweat, which can cause hostility and implicit condemnation of the people around him.This can create a big problem for the patient social adaptation.
underarm hyperhidrosis also called axillary hyperhidrosis.Profuse sweating in the underarm area usually leads to increased nervousness and complexes of the patient.Sweating in the underarms is considered absolutely adequate reaction to thermal effects, physical activity and stressful situations.Only certain faults in the system of normal sweating can lead to hyperhidrosis underarm.
inflicted severe sweating under the arms may be different in origin.Idiopathic (local) hyperhidrosis is very difficult to determine.One stimuli sweat glands may then be hot weather.People who suffer from excessive sweating should not use sharp products and alcohol, which is a powerful factor in provoking sweating.A very common cause of sweating in the armpits of our time could become dystonia and emotional stress.Hormonal changes in the body of the young people can also be the cause of hyperhidrosis underarm.
There are many ways to combat underarm hyperhidrosis.All treatments can be divided into surgical and conservative.For example, a conservative method of treatment of hyperhidrosis underarm include: Botox, iontophoresis, Alyumohlorid hexahydrate.
When Botox, which is considered the best method of treatment today, blocked transport of acetylcholine, which is responsible for the work of the sweat glands.Contraindications to it are pregnancy, lactation and complex allergic reaction (anaphylactic shock).But under certain rules after the application of Botox can forget about excessive sweating for six months or a year.
During iontophoresis method is applied electric current.It was opened in the early 20th century and has been successfully applied in various dermatoses skin.After the treatment of dermatoses, in this way, it was noted the disappearance of sweating on the hands.Because this method is used in the treatment of hyperhidrosis is not only hands, but also the armpits, feet.
Alyumohlorid hexahydrate is a kind of antiperspirant and is applied for the treatment of hyperhidrosis of the armpits.This preparation eliminates unnecessary axillary hyperhidrosis in 65% of cases.It comes in the form of perfumes, kotoroya available in pharmacies.Also hyperhidrosis of the armpits treated by surgical methods.
ETS at local hyperhidrosis is a fairly simple operation, which consists of introducing a small incision in the chest area of a special endoscope for the purpose of crossing the nerve endings.When curettage removes the sweat glands are removed and the nerve endings, but this correction method can leave scars.
Liposuction underarms is considered a very popular method in the treatment of hyperhidrosis of the armpits.It was noted that it is very good to deal with excessive underarm sweating and leaves quite a lasting effect after this correction.
Treatment of hyperhidrosis in the armpits traditional methods carried out by herbal compresses.Well established: sage tea, extract with valerian and lemon balm.Also armpits can rub lemon juice, wine or cider vinegar (in the ratio with water 1: 1).
Increased sweating foot or plantar hyperhidrosis may appear on the feet, regardless of temperature.Hyperhidrosis emergence stop is explained by excessive activity of the sweat glands on the feet and / or the sympathetic nervous system.Often stop hyperhidrosis can be combined with palmar hyperhidrosis and axillary hyperhidrosis.
When you stop hyperhidrosis, patients often experience some anxiety when taking pictures or pereobuvaniya shoes in crowded areas or at a party, because the disease is combined with an unpleasant, sometimes, fetid odor stop.
Patients suffering from plantar hyperhidrosis, it is necessary to pay great attention to hygiene feet and try to wear shoes and socks made of natural materials, since the constant moisture in the feet can cause excessive proliferation of microorganisms that cause skin irritation and odor.There may even be infectious lesions on the feet.But if the defeat at the stop hyperhidrosis is strong enough, the observance of elementary rules of personal hygiene is not enough.
as treatment of hyperhidrosis feet can be used for medical deodorants stop procedure iontophoresis, Botox injections.