folliculitis is a skin disease and is considered a type of superficial pyoderma.
folliculitis appears as an acute purulent inflammation of the hair follicle and is characterized by the appearance of a limited inflammatory infiltrate that looks like a knot (papules) bright red.On palpation of the papule it is very painful.The second - third day begins the formation of pustules, it is seen in the center point of the hair or gray color, which represents the mouth of the follicle.Pustules may reveal emptying of pus and the emergence of erosion, and may turn into crust.The bottom has a funnel-shaped erosion.
Sometimes folliculitis can begin by referring sycosis proliferation of inflammation inside the follicle and perifollicular tissue.The outcome of the disease may be two options: after the falling away of the crust, the remnants of the inflammatory infiltrate gradually dissolve, and can remain pigmentation and easy peeling;or by melting purulent infiltration and draining pus begins
reasons for the development of follukulita may be a few, as well as several types of folliculitis.
Follukulit staphylococcal develops due to the pathogen - Staphylococcus aureus or mixed-strepto staph infection.Staphylococcal folliculitis is characteristic of those areas where hair grows.These include: nasolabial triangle zone and chin.The disease occurs mainly in men's shaving.In severe cases of illness, death begins to occur when the hair follicles, after the inflammatory process of the scars begin to form connective tissue.
undermines or folliculitis folliculitis Hoffman is one of the varieties of folliculitis.The disease occurs with a chronic course, its development occurs on the scalp of the head can be held in the form of the appearance of nodules which begin to "undermine" the scalp and form numerous scars.Susceptible to this disease are mostly men.
Candida folliculitis occurs mainly under the imposition of occlusive dressings.The risk of folliculitis increases when local use of drugs under the bandage group of corticosteroids.Yet the risk of disease greater in bedridden patients and patients with long flowing fever.
Herpetic folliculitis, as well as staphylococcal folliculitis, frequently appears in men's shaving his chin.
syphiloderm eel is a consequence of syphilis.It is characterized by inflammation follicles become faded red color, and in exceptional cases are placed as a group.Treatment of this disease is only possible in the therapy of diseases of the main groups of special drugs.
Pseudomonas folliculitis is caused by the microorganism Pseudomonas aeruginosa.This type of folliculitis is also known under this name as a folliculitis "hot bath."This form of the disease so called due to the fact that it usually develops after bathing insufficiently chlorinated hot water.
Gram-negative folliculitis occurs in patients with weak immune systems, when these patients for a long time had to take antibiotics as a result of acne.Folliculitis is characterized by the fact that the patient's condition deteriorates, which is manifested increased acne.It is also possible the appearance of abscesses, as a complication.
folliculitis caused by dermatophytes tend to start their development from the top layer of the epidermis, and then the inflammation process covers the mouth of the follicles, and later the hair shaft.Complications of this form is considered folliculitis tinea scalp and hairy part of her that is formed folliculitis of the scalp with a strong suppurative complications.
folliculitis, which is caused by fungi that belong to Pityrosporum, detected mainly the inhabitants of tropical and / or subtropical climate.For this form of the disease characterized by itchy rashes monomorphic nature (pustules), which in this case is located at the mouths of the follicles.Patients with this type of folliculitis revealed scratches with a clear localization in the face, neck, shoulders and back.
depilating folliculitis is considered another form of the disease, which is found in tropical countries.To him longer located middle-aged men.Even for this type of folliculitis is characterized by symmetry of the skin lesions.Inflammation appears uniformly follicles on the skin of the lower extremities.During the cure folliculitis, on the skin leave their mark typical for this type of folliculitis follicular scars.
Gonorrheal kind of folliculitis is very rare compared to other types of folliculitis.Its localization in the foreskin of the male population and in the perineum in the female half.Appears when the long-term treatment and sluggish current gonorrhea.
Professional folliculitis occurs in people of specific professions and due to the action of various skin irritants.With this kind of disease folliculitis usually localized on the extensor surfaces of the forearms and back of the hands.
Tick type of folliculitis develops after a tick bite occurs and a comparatively longer than other forms of folliculitis.It requires a thorough treatment of the main disease.Eosinophilic folliculitis
can only be carriers of HIV.
Factors that can trigger folliculitis: sweating skin, untidiness, hot climate, close synthetic clothing, frequent trauma of the skin, the use of corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs, diabetes.
through small injuries of the skin infection gets an excellent opportunity to multiply in the layer of the epidermis, thereby causing damage to the follicle inflammation.Folliculitis may also occur as a complication of other diseases.Oily species of seborrhea scalp is often a harbinger of such diseases like folliculitis of the scalp.
Complications due folliculitis may include: abrasions, leading to the development of hidradenitis sup- and lymphadenitis;carbuncles;abscesses;follicular development scarring;tinea of the scalp.
symptoms of folliculitis will depend on which kind you have developed folliculitis.For example, folliculitis with superficial pustules can amount to 0.5 mm in diameter and be painless to the touch.As a rule, around the area there is an inflammatory pink, sometimes with a reddish tinge on the skin.Around the third day ulcers shrivel and covered by a brownish crust, leaving behind a slight peeling.May be present as the appearance of pigmentation on the skin.
Deep folliculitis form appears heavier defeat of the hair follicles.On the skin can appear reddish nodules of up to 1 cm in diameter, which differ morbidity.On the surface is an abscess, which is permeated by a hair.Ulcer can uncover mainly in a few days, covered with a crust, and inflammatory nodule disappears with time.
main complaint that presents the patient with folliculitis is soreness and itching.In some cases it may be swollen lymph nodes that are located next to the area of inflammation.The patient may also worry about a cosmetic defect on the skin that remains after folliculitis.This may be the excess pigmentation and scars.
Staphylococcal folliculitis is shown in the initial stage of the process of inflammation around the hair follicles, from the development of sycosis, or staphylococcal impetigo.This small pustules form and size with dense walls that are penetrated in the center of the balance.A few days later, pustule dries to form a cone-shaped brown yellow, which fall off soon.
When not good for the patient's pain conditions occur in the affected area, which is particularly concerned at the large number of patients folliculitis;thus there is a pronounced infiltration.Because of the involvement of the inflammatory process in the tissue surrounding the follicle and merger specific elements rashes appear deeper, sustained the existence of species stafilodermii, carbuncle, boils, etc..
in the diagnosis of such diseases like folliculitis important role belongs to the examination of the patient.Eruptions at folliculitis are very characteristic and allow the correct diagnosis.Additional measures survey will help identify the exact cause of which could lead to the development of the disease.
When staphylococcal folliculitis prescribe topical Mupirocin ointment twice a day.Orally administered cephalexin, erythromycin, or Methicillin Dicloxacillin.Antibiotics are matched to the particular sensitivity of the organism to the antibiotic group means.
When Pseudomonas folliculitis may appoint Ciprofloxacin, but when follicles, which is caused by Gram-negative bacteria antibiotics can not be used.May appoint topical benzoyl peroxide therapy.
fungal folliculitis may require antifungal medication group, for example: Terbinafine, Itrakanozol, Flukonozol.
When herpetic folliculitis form prescribed oral acyclovir.
the treatment of folliculitis big role of herbal medicine.It is well-proven in the field of skin diseases.
the treatment of folliculitis can help a decoction of rose hips and viburnum.Take 200 grams of viburnum berries, rose hips 200 grams and 100 grams of nettle.There can also add fresh homemade cheese, honey (50 g) and water (2 cups).After take-ripened and washed viburnum berries, rose hips and nettles.Pour the mixture of boiling water and insist on a water bath for 20 minutes.After that, it insist night and filter.Thus, a broth for future compresses to the affected area of the skin folliculitis.Before you begin to compress attachment, take a fresh cheese (50 gr.) And honey, mix with two tablespoons of broth and put the mixture of cottage cheese with a decoction of the viburnum on the affected portion of the skin three times a day for half an hour.
decoction of chamomile can also help reduce inflammation.You can wash it with broth, which is prepared in accordance with the instructions.
For the prevention of staphylococcal folliculitis after shave take a wet towel soaked in hot water, and applied for a few minutes on the skin.
can drink a decoction of dandelion.It is prepared from the root of a dandelion with leaves.Kolyuchelistnika root in decoction can be used externally.Use compresses soaked in broth.
decoction of burdock ingested.Take 50 ml twice a day, morning and evening.For broth burdock root is taken (one tablespoon) and boiled in half a liter of water for 15 minutes, then filtered and infused hour.
prognosis of folliculitis usually favorable.But deep lesions may remain pockets of pigmentation after falling off crusts.However, as a rule, folliculitis complications occur infrequently.The key to prevention of folliculitis is considered timely cure any skin infection, strengthening and improving immunity, personal hygiene.