Circulatory system diseases

Sudamen children

Miliaria children

sudamen photos Miliaria children - a kind of skin disease characterized by the development of rashes on the skin surface by the type of bubbles as a result of a large amount of sweat secreted fluid.Sudamen in children is considered to be the phenomenon that becomes more frequent in the summer time.Weight of parents due to increased diligence begin to wrap up their children without paying attention to current weather conditions.For this reason, the child begins to feel discomfort skin overheated, heat transfer is broken due to the "greenhouse" effect and appears sudamen.

Miliaria children can pour into the areas of the skin, where it is especially fitting clothing or skin folds are.

Miliaria in infants causes

Skin in children has a number of physiological characteristics in comparison with the skin of adults.The skin of children is much thinner and therefore much more tender and vulnerable.Compared to adults, a child's skin contains much more water (65% in adults and 85% in children).

Young children are much more than adults, blood vessels in the superficial layers of the skin.Because, thanks to these vessels fully implemented respiratory function of the skin.Another feature is that because of the abundant blood supply to the skin, in children is rapidly distributed and produced numerous skin infections.

sebaceous and sweat glands in children developed quite weak, because the function of thermoregulation of the skin in children, especially in the first year of life, still imperfect.Children easily enough supercooled or overheated.The pigment of the skin in children hardly produced, resulting in babies that are exposed to direct sunlight, condemned the emergence of prickly heat.The younger the child, the higher the risk of prickly heat.

causes of prickly heat in children can be both exogenous and endogenous.

Exogenous causes prickly heat include primarily inadequate hygienic care of the child.Children, because of its restlessness are often exposed to various contaminants, because hygiene should be observed daily.Due to lack of proper care of the children, on the surface of the skin begin to breed germs, leaving behind waste products and preventing normal secretory function of the skin.

Violation of the respiratory function of the skin is also a cause of prickly heat in children.When a child is in close or tight-fitting clothing, especially synthetic materials, his skin is experiencing disturbances in their respiratory function.

Application fatty creams as generally protective effect, also contributes miliaria children.Such cream is bad enough absorbed into the skin of the child, thus creating a film on its surface.Such a film not only gives the respiratory function of the skin but also the excretory.

Miliaria is not considered contagious because not transmitted through communication from one child to another.

Endogenous causes include physiological characteristics of the skin of children, characteristics of thermoregulation.

structural features of the skin in children is that their skin is thin enough and abundantly provided with small blood vessels.Ph children equals the neutral indicator (= 6.7).In adult Ph close to the acidic indicator (= 4.5-5.5), which helps to improve the protective function of the skin of an adult and its excretory function.

All work thermoregulation in adults is concentrated in a specific area of ​​the brain.It was there that monitored the functioning of the sebaceous and sweat glands.When the ambient temperature is increased, the brain sends signals to the thermoregulatory system of active action in favor of the expansion and increase of blood vessels on the skin surface for heat dissipation.If there is a cooling of the environment, the brain signals are fed back to keep the heat inside the body.Children have such a system and improve the functioning of the work (brain-thermoregulatory system) is not sufficiently developed.Because prickly heat symptoms they are most frequent.

prickly heat rash can be on any part of the skin.But more often they occur in places that have direct contact with clothing.

The child in the neck prickly heat develops due to long flowing hair for girls, chafing collars of shirts for boys, young children - because wearing the collar support in the first week of life or tight swaddling.

Because of the appearance of a child in the neck prickly heat can happen it spread to other areas.Because a child's prickly heat is formed on the face of the spread of prickly heat to the neck.

Miliaria on the back of the child develops due to wearing tight clothes, because of active behavior of the baby.It can also occur in young children due to long lying on his back, or in children who are forced to lie because of the disease.

Photos prickly heat in children

sudamen children photo

What is heat rash in children

first manifestations of prickly heat are considered to be the emergence of many small lesions on the skin of the child in the form of point spots and bubbles.Such vesicles are generally contained clear liquid can sometimes occur serous content.Sometimes, these bubbles may not be, and there are only a petechial rash.

Miliaria children may be accompanied by pruritus, so parents need their attention once given to her appearance.

sudamen arises in all areas on the skin of children: in the neck, back, armpits, in the groin, on the legs, etc.But often, sometimes prickly heat localization is the chest, neck, back and groin in the child.Bubbles in the prickly heat spontaneously burst, then dry up and leave behind a little patch of skin from peeling in places.

defines localized and widespread forms of manifestation of prickly heat.The localized form is characterized by its prickly heat rash on specific cutaneous area.A common form of prickly heat or generalized in children manifests itself rashes all over the body.

simple form prickly heat When a child does not feel much discomfort.Sudamen itself is not a contagious disease.In the event of the accession of infection (for advanced forms of prickly heat) can be seen joining the itching, swelling and redness on the skin, which can also be accompanied by a slight fever.

rash of prickly heat may change the nature during the day, due to the temperature change of climate in the external environment.

There are several varieties of prickly heat in children: normal sudamen, sudamen red, yellow sudamen.

sudamen Normal, or crystal, is characterized by rashes after significant overheating of the child.When crystalline form of heat rash occurs on the back of the child, on the neck and can be seen on his face.As a rule, the person sudamen transferred only after the formation of her on the neck.Therefore, on the face of the emergence of an independent prickly heat is differentiated from allergic dermatitis.

Red sudamen in children is characterized by bubbles and rashes, which are accompanied by swelling and itching of the skin.

Yellow sudamen in children is characterized by the formation of moist crusts that occur as a result of secondary bacterial infection.In this form of miliaria, vials are filled with liquid or serous yellow color.It can easily be opened, which brings even more uncomfortable for children.

Photos prickly heat the children

sudamen children around her neck Photo

Miliaria the child's body

Miliaria not the body of the child occurs when its generalized form.It manifests itself fine rash of red or bright pink.It may occur simultaneously in different parts of the body.Sudamen most frequently observed on the back of the child, in the groin, in the neck and face.It occurs due to significant overheating due to elevated temperature in a room, or due to increased activity of the baby.

When exposed to high temperatures on the skin of the child, increased reflex sweating.But poorly developed and the mouth of the sebaceous glands are unable to cope with excessive stress and excretory function of the sweat.Additionally, the increased desquamation stimulates the formation of moisture in the superficial layer of the skin, causing eventually, blockage of the sebaceous glands.This promotes the formation of characteristic of some forms of miliaria vesicles with clear content.Vasodilation when overheating produces redness of the skin, in particular in the area of ​​the mouths of the sebaceous glands, which can develop a fine red rash.

Sometimes propagation prickly heat all over the body may experience itching of the skin in children.But, basically, prickly heat on the body itself can not show, except for external lesions.

Since sudamen at the child on the body itself is not dangerous, it is worth remembering that it contributes to the increased sensitivity of the skin to pathogenic microorganisms.When you join secondary infection may experience acute inflammation of the skin in children, which can penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin.Because you should not neglect the treatment of prickly heat and as soon as possible to show the child's doctor if sudamen alone or with therapeutic action is not taking place in a few days.

Miliaria in infants treated

in particular the treatment of heat rash in children, as a rule, does not need, and passes alone after persists factor, it provoked.It should organize adequate hygienic care of the skin covering the baby, because in case of damage of the skin that are often observed in the prickly heat, there is a possibility of joining a secondary bacterial infection.

in prickly heat treatment in children can help with the water treatment decoction of herbs and potassium permanganate.The bath water can be added to that amount of potassium permanganate to the color of her was slightly pink.Because too concentrated solution of potassium permanganate can cause skin irritation at the child, and in some cases, and it burns.Use of herbs: chamomile, yarrow, series, celandine, and St. John's wort.They can also use the bark of an oak.But for children, it is not recommended because of the occurrence of certain side effects.

infusion of herbs prepared as follows: 2 tablespoons of dried leaves medicinal plant fills 1l.boiling water, then insist on for 30 minutes.Then added to the bath with warm water.A decoction of the herb is prepared in the same proportions, but not insist, and simmered in a water bath.

After the water treatments with herbs, you can use powder or talc.He is well dries the skin manifestations of the child's prickly heat.As a rule, modern talcs contain zinc, which also has anti-inflammatory effects.

use creams at the time of prickly heat is better to stop, because they violate the respiratory function of the skin of the child, which is in the prevention of prickly heat plays an important role.

also prickly heat treatment can be performed in children using zinc-containing ointments, for example: Bepanten or zinc ointment.

When you join a bacterial skin infection of the child it is necessary to show a dermatologist, because as soon as he would correct recommendations for therapy in complicated form of prickly heat.In general, when such forms miliaria apply complex treatment as antihistamines and ointments, ointments and antibacterial drugs, immunomodulators and compresses to the affected area.

prickly heat prevention in children is to take air baths, mandatory daily hygienic care of a child of any age.It is worth paying attention to the fact that in the summer need more often subjected to child hygiene care.Prerequisite prevention of prickly heat in children considered to exclude the application of moisturizing and protective creams for the prevention of so-called dry skin, which can often flimsy suspicious parents.

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