Sjogren's syndrome (dry syndrome) - an inflammatory systemic failure of the connective tissue, which is characterized by involvement in the pathological process of the salivary glands, lacrimal glands, glands and mucous membranes.As a result, there is an inflammatory process data gland dysfunction, which leads to a significant reduction in the amount of produced secretion.The most frequently (nine cases out of ten), Sjögren's syndrome affects women after the age of 40 years, but have been known cases where the disease was detected at a younger age, women with ovarian hyperfunction.Also, this disease occurs in the presence of systemic diseases such as lupus erythematosus, periarteritis nodosa, scleroderma and sarcoidosis
Sjogren's syndrome causes
Currently no precise information about the cause of this syndrome are absent, however, after numerous observations and studies assumed thatSjogren's syndrome is caused by a genetic predisposition.Aggravating factors of the dis
Sjogren's syndrome signs and symptoms
The most common symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome is directly related to the insufficient production of secretion glands in the body.These include:
- Dryness in the throat, nose and mouth.The feeling of dryness often causes problems in speaking and swallowing.People become quite difficult to eat solid food, and eating dry (crackers, cookies, etc.) Becomes almost impossible.In the mouth, the formation of ulcers may vary taste.One common problem that occurs due to prolonged dryness of existence - the development of caries.In some cases, there are ear infections and nosebleeds
- Dry eyes.The most common worries burning sensation, pruritus, sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the eyes;increased sensitivity to light (photophobia), there is significant conjunctival redness
- parotid glands
- Dry skin
- Vaginal dryness.As a result, sexual intercourse becomes painful enough
addition to the above symptoms can be observed increase in the overall body temperature, stiffness and pain in the joints, malaise, muscle aches, and loss of hair
diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome
Burning eyes and drynessmouth may not always mean that it is the presence of the syndrome in humans.Diagnosing Sjogren's syndrome can be only in the presence of inflammatory lesions glands.However, there are occasions when a similar result may cause various metabolic diseases in which salivary secretion is greatly reduced (usually diabetes).As a result, elderly people prematurely reduced salivary and lacrimal glands.These forms of dry eyes and mouth have nothing to do with Sjogren's syndrome.Also, for the diagnosis of this syndrome is carried out a study of tissues.For this type of research are taking small fragments of the oral mucosa, which examined with a microscope.Thus established mucous glands
Sjogren's syndrome treatment
The main objectives in the treatment of Sjogren's syndrome are treating the symptoms of burning eyes and dry mouth, as well as removal of localized inflammation.
Removal of the inflammatory process is quite serious difficulties, since the Sjögren's syndrome is a question of diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and chronic polyarthritis.In such cases, appointed by the medication drugs similar to drugs used in the treatment of these diseases (immunosuppressants, cortisone, etc.), Especially when joining symptoms such as weakness and fever
Dry mouth is quite unpleasant symptomswhich is quite a strong thirst.Saliva performs not only the role of humidifying fluid which helps in swallowing food and grinding, but also protects the oral mucosa of possible infection.Therefore, not enough saliva generated often leads to dental caries and periodontal various inflammatory processes.As a consequence, it is necessary to engage in high-quality oral care: periodically rinse the mouth with special antiseptic solutions, as well as several times a day, brush your teeth, it is recommended to use a sugarless chewing gum.
Sometimes there are cases when bacteria migrate from the mouth to the salivary glands, causing them to infection.In this case there is a sudden quite painful swelling of the salivary glands, which is often accompanied by fever.When this state is shown treatment with antibiotics, as well as aerosols or sprays containing in its composition artificial saliva
Reduced production of tear fluid resulting in congestion of the cornea and conjunctiva of the eye.For the treatment of multiple shows daily moisturizing eye by instillation of artificial tears;bedtime shows the use of eye ointment.Due to the lack of tear fluid may strong eye infection, so at the first sign of inflammation should immediately consult an eye specialist
For wetting over-dried mucous membranes of the nose shows the use of special nasal spray.Also in the period of treatment is necessary to maintain the recommended humidity using a humidifier or air conditioner
Dry vagina and labia leads to quite severe pain during sexual intercourse, but also increases the likelihood of infection.To moisten these areas of the body doctor prescribes the appropriate cream or gel.