burning sensation in the vagina
burning sensation in the vagina - it is unpleasant subjective sensation inside the vagina.Often it is combined with itching.Independent significance burning sensation in the vagina has little, as may accompany significant number of ailments, including neginekologicheskogo origin, as well as having physiological causes.
with the discomfort of burning, itching or discomfort in the genital area is facing a large number of women regardless of their gynecological health.Sometimes burning and / or itching of the vagina is the only reason for the appeal to the gynecologist.In some cases, there is a burning sensation in the vagina and runs independently.
the vulva and vagina contains a large number of nerve endings that respond to mechanical, chemical, thermal, and many other types of influences.The appearance of any of these factors can cause a burning sensation in the vagina and / or vulva.
Burning sensation in the genital area, in most cases accompanied by a lo
Intensity burning sensation varies from slight to severe.It can occur in children, adults and elderly women, to appear periodically and last long or have a permanent character.
burning sensation in the vagina in pregnant women or during menstruation due to natural causes related to hormonal changes.
burning sensation in the vagina is almost never occurs as the only symptom.Often it appears on a background of secretions of various kinds, accompanied by urinary disorders.
Therapy burning sensation in the vagina begins after ascertaining its causes.If the patient has neginekologicheskoe disease can provoke vaginal burning and itching, examination and treatment is carried out with the advice of a therapist.
Causes burning sensation in the vagina
burning sensation in the vagina along with itching, discomfort and pain accompanies most infectious and inflammatory diseases of the vulva and vagina.Therefore, a separate group only causes a burning sensation in the vagina is not possible.However, you can talk about the conditions in which it is expressed stronger than the other symptoms.
burning sensation in the vagina of women are concerned with inflammation of the vagina - vaginitis.The causes inflammation of the vagina are most likely to be:
- changes in the vaginal environment and the composition of the microflora with subsequent reproduction of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms;
- specific flora, got into the vagina as a result of unprotected sex (mostly - Trichomonas);
- yeast-like fungi Candida;
- microtrauma vaginal mucosa during intimacy, a pelvic exam, or medical manipulations on the background of vaginal swabs.
Burning sensation in the vagina may appear on the background of the general or local allergic process.Some chemicals in the composition of hygiene products, intimate lubricants or local control pills have excessive irritation of the mucous membranes.If a burning sensation in the vagina appeared on the background of the use of such funds can mean the local allergic reaction.
combination of burning and itching in the vagina, with the same sensations of the vulva is due to the close anatomical relationship.In addition, not all women can clearly differentiate the localization of a burning sensation and use the phrase "somewhere inside", which can mean both the vulva and vagina, and sometimes all together.Inflammatory and infectious processes in the vagina often descend on the vulva, as well as with the vulva can climb into the vagina.Therefore, most of the inflammatory process takes on the character of combined inflammation of the vulva and vagina (vulvovaginitis).
Burning and itching in the vagina sometimes appear before menstruation and disappear on their own after its occurrence.This is due to the change of acidity in the vagina.Hormonal changes and reduced local immunity during pregnancy may trigger the development of local inflammation or dysbiosis, which lead to the appearance of burning and itching in the vagina.
In postmenopausal vaginal mucosa undergoes a number of physiological changes under the influence of fading hormonal ovarian function.Atrophic processes in the vagina and urethra in combination with a reduction in local immunity contribute to the development of vaginitis and urethritis, causing a burning sensation and itching.
Not all causes burning sensation in the vagina are gynecological in nature.The most common pathology, which causes the symptoms of genital itching and burning, is diabetes.
Neurotic disorders and severe emotional distress can cause a burning sensation and itching in the vagina.In turn, the long-term there is a strong burning sensation in the vagina can cause neuroses.
symptoms of burning in the vagina
When to see a doctor the patient complained of a burning sensation in the vagina and / or vulva, combined with itching and discomfort.As a rule, these unpleasant sensations accompanied by varying degrees of impairment of urination: the unpleasant discomfort or a burning sensation in the urethra to dizuricheskih disorders.Often, the patient indicates pain in the vagina during sexual intimacy.
One of the most frequent companions of itching and burning in the vagina are abnormal discharge.The number and appearance of cables depends on the cause.Any abnormal discharge indicate the presence of inflammation - vulvitis, vaginitis or vulvovaginitis.
Significant liquid, whitish-looking whites with an unpleasant "fishy" odor indicate the presence of a bacterial infection.Trichomonas vulvovaginitis is accompanied by profuse watery yellow-green discharge with specific "foamy" appearance and a very unpleasant "rotten" smell.Appearance secretions fungal (Candida) infection is very specific and is a valuable diagnostic sign of the disease.Thick, whitish discharge candidiasis contain inclusions in the form of white crumbs or flakes, due to which they are similar to cottage cheese or sour milk.Most other strong burning sensation in the vagina provoke Trichomonas and fungi Candida.
burning sensation and itching in the vagina and vulva are often combined with a burning sensation in the urethra.As a rule, it occurs against the backdrop of abundant secretions, containing a large number of pathogenic microorganisms.Beli drain into the vulval area, causing inflammation, which spread to the urethra, causing urethritis.
Some patients listeners complain of burning in the vagina after urinating, or a burning sensation in the vagina during urination due to the fact that not all of them could clearly identify the localization of the zone of discomfort.Outside the urethral opening is located in the area of the vulva and is involved in any inflammation of the external genitalia, as well as the tissue of the vulva respond to inflammation in the urethra.If the area of the vulva is inflamed, it responds to the irritation of chemicals in urine, so if vulvitis may feel a burning sensation after urination in the area of the vulva.If the infection is caused by inflammation in the walls of the urethra, a burning sensation will accompany the process of passage of urine along the urethra.Since the vagina is not involved in this process, complaints are not of a burning sensation in the vagina during urination or burning sensation in the vagina after urinating are not reliable and should instead "vagina" talk "vulva."
For diagnosis is very important to determine which of the moments urination woman feels a burning sensation.Burning sensation when urinating evidence of infection in the urinary tract and is not always associated with gynecological problems.If during a pelvic examination can not detect the presence of inflammation in the genital area, and urine abnormality is found, the patient needs to consult a therapist.
However, some specific inflammatory processes (trichomoniasis, gonorrhea) can quickly spread upward through the fabric on the urethra and cause inflammation.In such cases, a burning sensation during urination is accompanied by copious purulent discharge, and local tissue inflammation of the urethra and vagina.Discovered in a smear infectious agents to help make an accurate diagnosis and to choose the right treatment.
Gynecological examination of patients helps identify changes in the tissues of the vagina and vulva inflammatory nature in the form of redness, swelling and thickening of the mucous membranes.Pi vulvovaginal candidiasis, are found in the mucous whitish dense film, bleeding upon removal.For bacterial vaginosis is characterized by the absence of signs of local inflammation and the presence of heavy cables.
Inspection elderly patients with a burning sensation in the vagina reveals atrophic disorders - thinning and pallor of mucous membranes, dry (very meager selection), sometimes - microtrauma.
substantial assistance in diagnosis can have a rapid method for determining the acidity of the vaginal environment (pH) with special test strips.About pathology says the deviation indicators downward (below 3.8) or increase (greater than 4.5).
Laboratory diagnosis is based on clinical manifestations and data inspection.Studying strokes and bakposeve from the vagina help to ascertain the pathogen infection, urine tests detect abnormalities in the urinary tract.If patients with itching and burning in the vagina has extragenital pathology or neurotic disorders, the survey is complemented by other doctors advice.
Treatment burning in the vagina
After due examination by establishing credible reasons for burning in the vagina individually appointed treatment.
drug correction of pathological changes is carried out only after due examination and determine the cause of the disease.Pronounced inflammatory processes involve the use of drugs from different therapeutic categories.
Physiological causes a burning sensation in the vagina can not be serious medication.Often only need to remove the burning provoking factor, for example, to stop using certain means of hygiene or local contraceptive drugs.
If the patient is found specific infections (trichomoniasis, gonorrhea) is required parallel treatment of sexual partner.
Therapy itching and burning in the vaginal area may be local and systemic (oral treatment).
In the arsenal of modern medicine, there are many formulations for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the vulva and vagina.Each of them comprises an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory or anti-allergic agent or a combination thereof.For the topical treatment of vaginal suppositories are used, a cream or ointment with antibacterial and antifungal agents, applied solutions for irrigation or irrigation.
In women with atrophic colpitis estrogens used in ointments, severe cases require the appointment of an adequate hormone replacement therapy.
Unfortunately, often at the doctor's patient appear after long unproductive self with signs of chronic relapsing inflammatory process.It is a mistake to believe that the disappeared itching and burning mean cure.Often the symptoms of serious illness "smeared" by the improper therapeutic agents, and the pathological process is exacerbated and becomes chronic.