cyst breast - it is single or multiple oral capsule and liquid contents in the breast that are benign in nature.Breast cysts are found among patients of all ages.This education with a well defined fibrous capsule, filled with transparent liquid noninflammatory, often have a rounded shape and small size (no more than 5 cm).Most breast cysts look similar and differ only in size.Sometimes women may appear atypical cyst breast cancer growths protruding into the cavity.
Probably unlikely to find two women with similar breast cancer.Each individual, they are outward signs, but their internal structure is identical for all.
mammary gland formed mostly glandular tissue, which is evenly distributed beneath the skin surrounded by fatty tissue.Through the thickness of each breast stretch strands of connective tissue, separating it into several (about 20) of large stakes.Every major share splits into smaller slices.The lobules are small glands (alveoli) in which the formation of milk.Alve
breast cyst is formed as a result of the expansion of its flow.In the resulting cavity is an accumulation of glandular secretions, it clogs the channels and encapsulated.
Sometimes the breasts are fatty cysts.They are not related to the secretion of the glandular tissue and are formed due to blockage of the sebaceous gland.
Most breast cysts are single-chamber, that is, they have one cavity with fluid.If the cysts are formed inside the walls, forming a solitary cyst of the breast with multiple liquid cavities.
Causes of cysts in the breast are not well understood.Authentic development is considered to be a condition of their hormonal imbalance.
small cysts usually do not cause subjective sensations, and can be identified by chance.Before menstruation, when breasts swell and compress large cyst may feel mild discomfort or pain.
small size of breast cysts do not reveal it during a general inspection and palpation.Medium and large cysts usually initially detected by women themselves.Makes it difficult to diagnose primary infrequent large size of the cyst of the breast and its irregular shape, such as the formation of difficult to differentiate.
presence of cysts of the breast is supported by two simple and available studies: ultrasound scan and mammography.After verifying localization cyst aspiration biopsy performed its content, which is sent to the cytology.
Any atypical cyst breast requires additional diagnostic procedures.Always aspiration biopsy performed, and the resulting material is studied in the histology laboratory.
There is a misconception that the cyst of the breast without adequate treatment "will resolve itself."Indeed, in very rare cases, a cyst opened and disappear on their own.However, the ability of the cysts continue to accumulate glandular secretion and increases may lead to the fact that instead of simple treatment measures with a small cavitary education, doctor will have to remove a large cyst complicated.In addition, without a corresponding correction of hormonal disorders, any cyst may return, or be accompanied by the emergence of new ones.
Small cysts are usually treated conservatively.When cysts larger than 15 mm, it is advisable to remove them.Produced fine needle puncture of breast cysts and the evacuation of its contents.
Contrary to popular opinion among the patients, the cyst breast health or life is not threatened, the removal of the cyst of the breast does not change its function.Problems arise in the case of large cysts, and if the cyst is inflamed or abscesses.
term ductal cyst of breast cancer is less common it another name - intraductal papilloma.Outwardly resembles ductal cyst cavity with thick brown or bloody contents filled papillary growths.It is isolated as a separate disease entities and are considered unfavorable in terms of the development of cancer process.And, although the danger of degeneration duct cyst is extremely rare, it is required to remove surgically.
Causes breast cysts
Most breast cysts are detected in women over thirty years.Due to a variety of reasons milk ducts begin to grow unevenly, in places where they accumulate and expand a glandular secretion stagnates.For consistency it may be thin or thick and viscous.Over time, the outflow of the contents duct is stopped and a cavity formed therein with a liquid content.If the cyst is formed in the end section milk duct, it may eventually break away from it and exist independently.
The "older" cyst, the thicker its capsule.The contents of the cyst of the breast can have different colors: brown, yellow, dark green.The cyst may occur dense inclusions, if the cyst there long enough, they can be transformed into slices of lime.The inner surface of the capsule cysts usually smooth, with the exception of an atypical cyst breast with the presence of tubercles on the inner surface.
mechanism of formation of breast cysts studied much better than its causes.The only valid reason for the formation of cysts in the breast tissue is considered a hormonal dysfunction.We can say that any state, accompanied by disruption of the normal ratio of sex steroids increases the risk of breast cysts.
Contributing to the formation of cysts situations are:
- fibrocystic breast disease.Cysts in the breast are detected in every third patient with mastopathy, developing on the background of excess estrogen.
- lack of delivery and breastfeeding.
- duration (over five years), uncontrolled receiving means of hormonal contraception.If the drug is properly selected on the basis of studying the peculiarities of hormonal function of the patient, it is not a source for the formation of cysts in the breast.The risk of their occurrence increases in situations where the patient's own choosing contraceptive and take it for a long time without proper breaks.
- Endocrine disorders.Hormonal ovarian function is in close cooperation with the work of the endocrine glands of the body.Thyroid dysfunction, diabetes mellitus and other endocrine diseases affect the normal ratio of sex steroids may lead to the formation of cysts in mammary glands.
- Stressful situations.Excessive psycho-emotional stress resistance changes in hormonal balance and metabolism.
- Overweight.Adipose tissue is an additional source of estrogen.By increasing the amount of weight in the body can be increased.
- Gynecological ailments, accompanied by hormonal disorders.
None of the known causes, and none of the risk factors can not be considered completely reliable, because their presence is not always provokes the formation of cysts in the breast tissue.
symptoms of breast cysts
presence of clinical signs of breast cysts, their severity depends on the size of education.Small cysts (and sometimes their size is less than 3 mm) in the absence of growth may be present asymptomatically in the breast for years and discovered by accident.Medium and large (up to 5 cm or more) the cyst can cause discomfort and mild pain, especially on the eve of the next menstrual period against the background of fluid retention in the breast tissue.Sometimes a cyst may be accompanied by periodic discharge from the nipple, this is due to the release of the contents of the cysts in the milk duct cancer, it is a liquid or a thick consistency, yellow, green or almost transparent appearance.Such a discharge from the breast, and may be accompanied by other diseases, frequently - breast, so the symptom is not significant.
large cysts are often visible by external examination when visualized on the surface of the breast elevation or "bump."
noticed that the cyst of the right breast is less common than the left breast cysts in young patients.
breast cysts often accompany breast, namely its fibrocystic form, so patients often present with a cyst symptoms of mastitis, which is the real culprit for the appearance of pain in one or both breasts, and not your own hands.The nature of pain is very diverse and ranges from mild discomfort to severe pain.In addition to the pain associated with mastitis in breast palpable painful areas seals of various sizes, shapes and densities that impede the initial diagnosis of cysts.
Both breasts are almost symmetrical structure, so the cyst of the right breast and the left breast cysts do not differ on clinical grounds and buildings.
during self-breast examination, women often find themselves may cyst medium or large size.She palpated as a rounded, smooth formation of soft-elastic consistency.However, the exact nature of any detected when probing education without additional methods of examination can be determined.
presence of cysts in the breast in most cases confirmed by two leading diagnostic method:
- Method breast ultrasound scan.Held in the first phase of the cycle in younger women (under 40 years) having dense breast structures.It allows you to identify very small (less than 5 mm) and cysts to determine their internal structure, as well as the ability to differentiate cavernous formation of tumor by.A cyst in the survey looks like a rounded, well-demarcated education with liquid contents, having a well-defined capsule and a solitary cyst of the breast like a baffled cavity.Examines all segments of breast cancer, evaluated the condition and size of its ducts, scanned the surrounding lymph nodes gland.
- X-ray examination (mammography).Displaying women break the forty-year milestone.It is affordable and informative method can detect even the most deep-seated in the breast pathology.It allows you to take pictures of the prostate problem area in several projections to increase.
In difficult clinical situations may MRI.
After using ultrasound or a mammogram revealed a cyst, it is necessary to establish what it is full.Since some breast malignancy disguised as a harmless cyst, you should determine its goodness, that is to look from what it consists of cells.To do this, made a puncture (puncture) cyst with a thin needle, followed by the evacuation of its contents.The resulting material is sent for analysis.
Because breast cyst is seen as goromnozavisimogo process, all patients demonstrated laboratory study of the state of hormonal function.If an unfavorable background for the formation of cysts are not eliminated in the process of treatment, the cyst may recur or be formed elsewhere.
breast cysts can become inflamed, infected and fester.In such situations, patients show signs of acute infectious inflammation.
large and even giant cysts disrupt the structure of the mammary glands.In addition to visible deformation of breast cancer observed in pain due to compression of the surrounding prostate tissue.
Treatment of breast cysts
When the diagnosis of breast cyst becomes final, the question of the method to fix it.
Small uncomplicated cysts that do not exceed the size of 15 mm, require medical treatment and observation.Sometimes even the complete elimination of multiple cysts of the breast is enough to adjust the endocrine system and restore proper hormonal function.
Hormonal treatment of breast cysts is carried out in accordance with the nature of hormonal dysfunction.The goal of treatment - normal two-phase cycle.
All patients recommended balanced diet with a minimum of animal fats and high content of fiber.No special diet "diet" does not need quite a bit to adjust diet.
Proper exercise helps to restore the overall tone of the body, increases metabolism, and improves mood.To restore normal physical activity is enough to walk more, to engage in housework or walking in the park.
The mammary gland is very sensitive to stress.Psycho-emotional overload provoke the formation of many abnormalities in the breast, including cysts.The range of therapeutic measures is always included sedation.Fine-needle puncture
cysts breast (piercing her oral) held at their medium and large size in the case of increasing the size and availability of discomfort.After puncturing the cyst capsule is evacuated of its contents via syringe.The walls of the empty cysts subside and she disappears.However, if a cyst on the site there is a small amount of liquid, it can come back.To prevent this scenario, after the evacuation of the cyst performed sclerotherapy - the introduction of a cystic cavity substance causing dense adhesion of its walls.
If the cyst revealed abnormal growths or abnormal cells, removes cysts breast cancer, regardless of its size.Multi-chamber, multiple cysts are also subject to surgical treatment.
After the elimination of breast cysts patient requires dynamic monitoring and regular inspection.
cysts breast surgery
Remove the cysts of the breast made by the sectoral resection.During the operation, not only removed the cyst, but the excised portion of the surrounding tissue (sector).In fact, a small part is removed from the breast located therein cyst.To coarse postoperative scars are not deformed chest and did not violate its aesthetics, the wound sutured cosmetic sutures.
a few days after the removal of a cyst in the left postoperative wound drainage - a special tube through which fluid flows from the wound.Drainage does not allow liquid to accumulate inside the wound cavity and cause complications.
When the patient is still on the operating table, removed by resection of tissue sent to an urgent histological examination.Half an hour later, when the response is received from the laboratory, it decides the outcome of the operation.If the material is not found "bad" cells, the amount spent surgery is considered sufficient, and the wound is sutured.When negative scenario make unilateral removal of the breast and axillary lymph nodes pridlezhaschih.
resection of the breast does not apply to complex transactions.As a rule, it goes without negative consequences.But, like any surgery, they may be accompanied by complications.
After surgery wound infection may occur with subsequent suppuration.This happens infrequently, as the patient is assigned to a course of antibiotics.Have to open the wound, clean the cavity of pus and treating with antibiotics.
If during the operation properly stop the bleeding in the wound cavity can collect blood, and a hematoma.It certainly opened.
breast cysts - what to do?
fear of any entities in the mammary glands associated with the idea that they may be malignant processes.