Lymphocytosis - a pathological condition characterized by an increased number of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood.They are a type of white blood cells that form bone marrow, and are an integral part of the immune system.Lymphocytes make up about 40% of all blood cells in the bloodstream, and are able to recognize and destroy viruses, fungi, cancer cells, infection.
For proper evaluation of the blood is necessary to consider not only the absolute white blood cell count, but also the percentage of different species.There are five subtypes of white blood cells that fight certain group of diseases.
relative lymphocytosis is characterized by the percentage of lymphocytes in relation to other cells within the blood composition.Its formation is associated with a slightly decreased or normal white blood cell counts.Relative lymphocytosis can be seen more often than the absolute lymphocytosis, which is characterized by an increase in the absolute number of lymphocytes.
absolute lymphocytosis indicates generally for hepatitis, infectious mononucleosis, endocrine disorders, lymphosarcoma.
lymphocyte count in children varies with age, but normal levels in adults should not exceed 2900 per liter of blood.Acute or chronic leukemia can be a malignant form of lymphocytosis - an independent manifestation of lymphoproliferative disease.
Infectious lymphocytosis caused lymphotropic virus and formed an acute viral infection.The source of infection can be any person, even with the presence of asymptomatic disease, since this form is transmitted by airborne droplets.There are the following forms of infectious lymphocytosis: Mixed;nervous;adenopaticheskaya;skin;artralgicheskaya;flu-like;respiratory;asthenic;asymptomatic.
causes Lymphocytosis Lymphocytosis
a child, regardless of age found relative and absolute.The disease is formed due to the absolute increase in the number of lymphocytes in the presence of acute viral infectious diseases: measles, chickenpox, measles, scarlet fever, viral hepatitis.Emotional stress, long-term exercise can also serve as a redistribution of immune cells.
Lymphocytosis the child in the presence of a viral disease, disease process takes the form of a relative.The frequent occurrence of lymphocytosis in children is associated with the largest exposure to various infectious diseases.
Also, this condition can occur when an overdose of narcotic analgesics, Fenotina, L-dopa.Poisoning with carbon disulfide, arsenic and lead, contribute to the development of lymphocytosis.However, the index of lymphocytes in the blood will decrease with age, that is, the younger the child, the more lymphocytes found in his blood.
Lymphocytosis adults formed due to a variety of reasons:
- the presence of infections arising due to lower immunity under the influence of internal and external factors (tuberculosis, allergic reaction, syphilis);
- transfusion of blood or restoration, as well as major bleeding;
- when taking drugs that contribute to changes in blood composition;
- in mental illness and neurological disorders;
- with a lack of vitamin B12 in the body;
- the abuse of bad habits (smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction);
- at irregular diet or prolonged refusal of food;
- an absolute lymphocytosis occurs in the presence of hepatitis C, AIDS, which promote enhanced stimulation lymphopoiesis;
- relative lymphocytosis occurs due to the presence of massive inflammatory processes.
Formation lymphocytosis provokes the following diseases: infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus infection, diseases of the lymphatic system, Chagas disease, rheumatic diseases, hyperthyroidism, Addison's disease, splenomegaly.
absolute increase in lymphocytes, possibly due to:
- metastatic malignancy of the bone marrow, lymphocytic leukemia.Increased lymphocyte three times or more indicates the presence of cancer;
- an autoimmune disease.The cells of the body attacking its own tissues;
- Crohn's disease, in which the formation of ulcers.
If there lymphoblastic leukemia, the white blood cells do not have time to mature before the end and did not perform their function.The number of immature lymphocytes fills the internal organs, the circulatory system, resulting in anemia, infections of various kinds, bleeding.
There are cases when elevated levels of lymphocytes and thus does not have any diseases.In such cases, the experts may indicate the presence of only lymphocytosis when fully diagnosing the patient as well as upon delivery of all required analyzes.
lymphocytosis is often diagnosed when a patient complains of the presence of infectious disease.The development of infection provokes an increase in lymphocytes.
When first detection of the disease it may indicate the presence of unfriendly process.Enlarged lymph nodes, spleen and liver indicate a reactive lymphocytosis.
But as a rule, the symptoms are completely dependent on the reasons that caused the disease.Symptoms may not appear or be small relative to the disease, which caused lymphocytosis.From the immune system is also dependent symptoms.
Lymphocytosis in adults can manifest in a variety of infections of the nose, mucous membranes in the mouth, upper respiratory tract, inflammation of the cerebral cortex.If you have AIDS or hepatitis, manifested lymphocytosis sharp drop or rise in body temperature, which will be accompanied by chills, increased spleen, strong exhaustion.The clinical picture may change, and sometimes manifested abdominal symptom.Admission drugs, neurasthenia, starvation, anemia often provoke lymphocytosis.
The most common symptoms of infectious lymphocytosis are enlarged and hyperemic tonsils.The body temperature can reach 40 ° C.Also, diarrhea, nausea and loss of appetite are typical for this disease.In some cases it may be nervous exhaustion, exhaustion and an increased number of lymphocytes in the bone marrow.Hematologic symptoms may occur over two months.
febrile period in infectious lymphocytosis can last up to 7 days.Occasionally manifested dizziness, headache.Often there is irritability, fatigue, and weakness.
The child in the presence of an infectious lymphocytosis symptoms are pronounced.It appears lethargy, weakness, fever, minor damage to the respiratory tract.Perhaps the development of the respiratory form, which will be accompanied by a fever for three days.
When cutaneous infectious lymphocytosis develops a rash similar to those skarlatinovoy which disappear on their own after three days.Formation tracheobronchitis develops severe pneumonia.
lymphocytosis Treatment will depend entirely on the reasons that contributed to its development.List lymphocytosis capable of provoking disease is large enough.It can also occur when the temperature rises or the presence of chronic diseases.
disease is not independent and only after installing the reasons will be given treatment to eliminate it.Usually prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and antivirals.After treatment of the underlying disease lymphocytes normalize.
the presence of malignant tumors receive chemotherapy or bone marrow transplant is performed.The patient is often isolated and prescribed bed rest.Since the occurrence of complications (bleeding, decreased blood clotting) is not excluded.
children treated with the help of sulfonamides and ACTH.In rare cases, it may be assigned aureomycin.Treatment should be carried out in a timely manner in order to avoid serious consequences.In the case of pronounced symptoms of symptomatic therapy with the appointment of vitamins, sparing diet, and bed rest.Occasionally appointed desensitizing drugs and antibiotics.If you join secondary infection, then antibiotics is required.
Lymphocytosis in adults and children can also be treated with the help of folk remedies.For example, one of the most effective methods is receiving infusions of katarantusovyh leaves.Part catharanthus leaves and 200 grams of vodka.The ingredients must be mixed together and tightly occlude the vessel.Insist that it is necessary for a week, then strain.Then 10 drops diluted in water.This tincture taken for 3 weeks.
Since there are no preventive measures for anticipation of the disease, all persons in contact with patients should be periodically take some blood tests.
Usually lymphocytosis have a favorable outcome.