Gonorrhea: Symptoms, course and treatment of the disease
Gonorrhea - classical infectious disease that is sexually transmitted.It is caused by the gonococcus that getting on the genital mucosa, begins to multiply rapidly enough and causes inflammation.Like other STDs , gonorrhea is transmitted mainly through sexual contact (vaginal, anal and oral sexual contact) and affects both men and women.Vnepolovoe / domestic infection (through utensils, towels, swimming pool water, linen, loofah, etc.) Is very rare, as the gonococcus can exist outside of the human body no more than four hours.Also, sometimes there are cases of infection of the newborn child from a sick mother during childbirth.In this disease may result in mucosal cervical and urethra, rectum, cervix, and even eye
In most documented cases of gonorrhea infection occurs during sexual intercourse in the vagina, rectum, as well as oral sex .Infection of a newborn is possible when it passes through the birth canal, w
probability of domestic infection is extremely low, so as gonokokk die quickly enough (within four hours) from outside of the human body;for infection must be hit in the body the right amount of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that the household waste is extremely unlikely.
probability of infection with gonorrhea during one-time sexual contact with a carrier of infection, without using a condom: vaginal or anal - in 50% of cases;during oral - are rare.
incubation period in women from five to ten days, and men from two to five.However, there are cases when the length of the incubation period increased to thirty days or more or gonorrhea can immediately go in for covert.From - for the reception of antibacterial drugs, or sulfonamides (for the treatment of very different diseases: colds, etc.), The incubation period can also significantly lengthen
Symptoms of gonorrhea
Women onset of the disease in the majority of cases occur without symptoms, which greatly complicatesits early detection.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women:
- Pain during urination
- White-yellowish vaginal discharge
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- intermenstrual bleeding
Men first appeared discomfort in the urethra, and thenIt appears itching, burning and appear purulent yellowish - green discharge.
defeat of the rectum (proctitis gonococcal) in most cases are asymptomatic.In some cases the pain, itching, and discharge from the rectum.
defeat the throat (gonococcal pharyngitis) and is often asymptomatic, occasionally accompanied by a sore throat
Complications of gonorrhea
In women the most common complications of gonorrhea are inflammatory diseases of the uterus and its appendages, which often leads to female infertility .
Men fairly common complication is epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis).
In the case of gonococcal infection spread to other organs, a so-called disseminated gonococcal infection that affects the liver, heart, brain, joints and skin.
diagnosis of gonorrhea is: considering the patient's complaints, inspection and palpation of external genitals, research urethral discharge, the study of the seminal vesicles and prostate, research urine, prostate and sperm juice.Also used are very accurate diagnostic methods as sowing and PCR
treatment of gonorrhea
Treatment of gonorrhea (both sexual partners!) On a mandatory basis should be performed by a qualified doctor - venereal diseases as self will lead to the transition of the disease into a chronic condition, so thatmay be irreversible processes and complications.
Successful treatment of this disease depends on the chosen antibiotic, its dosage, route of administration and duration of therapy.If necessary, the doctor prescribes physical therapy, immunotherapy and topical treatment.At the time of treatment must completely abandon the sexual life;limited (or completely abandoned) alcohol, salty and spicy dishes;not allowed to lift weights and do mobile sports (skating, skiing, cycling and so on.).
Seven days after treatment is assigned a control threefold laboratory tests (at regular intervals over the past two months) and if gonokokki on test results do not show - the patient is considered cured
Prevention of gonorrhea
basis for prevention of this disease is the mandatory usecondom during sexual intercourse.It is also necessary to avoid casual sex with an unknown partner, and if they do occur - certainly as soon as possible to get tested for the presence of sexually transmitted infections.