Genital Herpes - a viral infection of the genital mucosa caused by the herpes simplex virus.The disease is transmitted through sexual contact and is characterized by the first appearance of groups of bubbles, and then ulcers and erosions.The most common genital herpes occurs in young men (women more often) aged 20 to 25 years.After the incident of infection, herpes virus remains in the body throughout his life, but most of that time he is sleeping (inactive) and activated it can not everyone infected
How is infection with genital herpes
Infection with this diseaseIt occurs both in traditional sexual intercourse and during anal and oral.Most infectious are persons with obvious symptoms of genital herpes, but it is not enough, the most common infection occurs from people with asymptomatic of the disease.In addition, the possible infection of the herpes virus sick mother the fetus during pregnancy.
Other modes of transmission of herpes simplex virus is unlikely, so infectio
Genital herpes symptoms
Allocate a primary genital herpes (the disease is detected for the first time) and recurrent (second and subsequent cases).
to the initial symptoms of primary genital herpes include swelling, burning and pain in the affected area.These symptoms are often accompanied by headaches (as in flu ), rise in body temperature and general malaise.After a couple of days on the affected places there are small blisters filled with clear content.Then, these bubbles burst, forming in this place painful red sores.If the ulcers are located directly on the genitals, urinating becomes painful enough.Rashes heal within about fourteen days.
When recurrent genital herpes symptoms are very slightly.No general malaise and headache, body temperature remains within the normal range, there is much less rash and they heal much faster (from 7 to 10 days).Relapse promotes hypothermia, emotional stress, alcohol and various infections.Localization of relapses in most cases occurs in one and the same place.
Quite often, genital herpes occurs with the complete absence of severe symptoms, but the infection of sexual partners at the same time is also not excluded
Genital herpes complications
most serious complication of the disease is herpes newborn, which can cause permanent neurological damage or even death of a child.The likelihood of neonatal herpes is considered to be the highest if a mother with genital herpes infection has occurred in the last three months of pregnancy.
To reduce the risk of neonatal herpes is necessary to determine the presence of antibodies to herpes simplex virus (HSV) like a mother herself and her sexual partner.If a pregnant woman no antibodies to HSV, while the sexual partner they are - they are encouraged to abstain from sexual contact (oral and including) without a condom in the last three months of pregnancy.If the symptoms of genital herpes appear just before birth, a woman shows a cesarean section (this can be avoided if pregnant with frequent relapses of genital herpes shortly before the expected birth receive preventive treatment with acyclovir).
the presence of typical symptoms, the diagnosis of this disease is based on the overall clinical picture.By resorting to laboratory tests in cases of doubt
Genital herpes treatment
Unfortunately, all currently existing treatment methods do not completely relieve the patient by the herpes simplex virus.Outside the period of recurrence of HSV is in an inactive state, and manifests itself in the weakening of the immune defense.Existing treatments are able to reduce the risk of recurrence, accelerate the healing of lesions, reduce abjection, but completely destroy the virus is not able to.
Treatment of genital herpes is carried out using classical used alternately antivirals (Famciclovir, Acyclovir, Valacyclovir) in combination with interferon preparations.
Gerpferon Ointment is a ready-made drug that contains both interferon and acyclovir.In addition to its composition contains lidocaine, which provides a local anesthetic effect.In applying Gerpferona in patients with genital herpes local symptoms greatly facilitated, and the rash has healed on the fifth day.