allergy skin - the human body's response to certain stimuli, appears quite sudden appearance on the skin swollen pale red plaques or nodules and continuous itching.These allergy symptoms are most pronounced in those areas of skin sheets, where the most tightly to the body-fitting clothing or present the greatest number of skin folds.You should know that in spite of the incessant itch of these places, do not comb them, as it will only worsen the situation.Also, this should not be done due to the fact that the combing formed through the wound into the body can penetrate various pathogenic bacteria and infection that would cause of inflammation.In addition, after the wound healing can be left in place rather unsightly scars.
skin allergy in children often cause serious itching, the affected skin may itch or only, but to burn or stove.The rash can appear on any part of the body, from her ears are not insured even, throat, tongue, lips and face.By its length rash may also vary sign
Angionevrichesky swelling of your symptoms very similar to hives.The difference between them consists only in that the swelling does not develop on the skin surface and beneath it.Angionevrichesky edema is characterized by deep swelling of the skin around the lips and eyes, and in some cases on the feet and hands, as well as in the genital area.Most often, the disease lasts longer than urticaria, but the swelling usually disappears in less than a day.In exceptional cases, severe angionevrichesky pulmonary edema, tongue or throat difficult breathing, blocking the airway.In this case, this condition could seriously threaten the lives
allergy skin - Causes
As education allergic rash and development angionevricheskogo edema is directly related to the immune response of an organism to a chemical element of histamine, which with the help of special cells is emitted into the blood vesselsskin.Biting insects, chemicals contained in food, allergic reactions, exposure to medications or sunlight provoke histamine secretion in the skin.In some cases, the exact cause of the rash can not be established.
The most common exposure to skin allergens include daily used by all the different household chemicals (perfumes, eau de toilette, deodorants, soaps, detergents, etc.), Which is in contact with the allergen enters directly into the skin, causing an allergic rash.For some people, very strong allergens are some natural fabrics, especially with regard to wool.The reason for the appearance of the skin allergies in children may be the made of nickel such items of clothing as buttons, rivets and zippers.Some plants, pet dander can also cause allergic rashes.
The most common food allergens that can cause allergic reactions on the skin include tomatoes, nuts, seafood, chocolate, strawberry and so on. The skin rash may occur as a reaction to certain medications.
main difference between allergy skin rash from other species is the lack of deterioration of general well-being.If flesh, then due to an allergic rash in humans is not observed weakness, lethargy, his appetite is not lost, and the body temperature does not rise.However, in exceptional cases, a very strong allergic reaction, in addition to rash may be observed swelling of the lips and eyelids.
There are many types of allergic rash, below we describe the most common:
• Acute urticaria.This type of allergic rashes is in an active phase of at least six weeks.Its most probable cause is the sharp infection, taking certain medications or drinking certain foods.Internal diseases and insect bites can also cause acute urticaria.
usually allergic to the skin - rash is caused by eating foods such as milk, fresh fruit, eggs, tomatoes, fish, chocolate and nuts.An allergic reaction is much more likely to provoke fresh food.Preservatives and certain dietary supplements a similar effect can also cause.
angionevrichesky can provoke swelling and an allergic rash medication: painkillers (Codeine, etc.), Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ACE, aspirin, ibuprofen, etc.)
• Chronic urticaria and chronic angionevrichesky swelling.These types of rash continues for more than six weeks, and to determine the reasons for their development is much more complicated than the causes of acute urticaria.Nearly 90% of people suffering from chronic urticaria provoking cause of the disease can not be established.
Chronic angionevricheskogo edema and chronic urticaria affect the gastrointestinal tract, muscles and lungs, manifesting symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, shortness of breath, muscle aches
• Physical urticaria.Physical urticaria allergic rash appears when the physical irritation of the skin that usually occurs as a result of sweating, pressure, exercise, vibration, sunlight, heat or cold.Signs of physical urticaria is usually seen in areas where the skin subjected to physical pressure.Most often, these allergic rash occur after hours of being irritating
• Dermatografizm.This type of allergy is a manifestation of injury or scratching a certain area of the skin and is often combined with other forms of urticaria
allergy symptoms on the skin - itching, rubella and measles-like rash, redness of the skin.If the hives or swelling angionevrichesky accompanied by symptoms such as a swelling of the lips, face or tongue, tightening in the chest, shortness of breath, wheezing, or dizziness, should immediately seek medical attention.
Diagnosis of allergy on the skin is based on a thorough examination by a dermatologist and / or therapist and medical history.To identify the specific substance on which could develop an allergic reaction to take skin samples.To identify possible provoking the patient's allergic diseases shows the surrender of standard blood tests
allergy skin - treatment
To prevent allergies in the skin, each person affected by the development of allergic reactions should be sure to know the entire list of provoking allergic to skin allergens.But often self-install provocateur skin rash is possible.Therefore, if you suspect skin allergies should not delay, consult your doctor.Following the appointment of a number of specific tests and analyzes will be possible to establish the diagnosis more accurate, then the doctor can prescribe adequate treatment of the patient.
Moreover, we note that absolutely no allergy medication on the skin will not be able to help the patient in the event that provokes an allergen was not removed from his daily life.In the absence of an agent provocateur is often allergic to the skin takes on their own.If not, the patient is assigned to receive antihistamines (Fenistil, suprastin, tavegil etc.), Which not only clean skin rashes, but also delivers a huge inconvenience eliminate itching.Besides antihistamines able to eliminate such common symptoms of allergic reactions such as swelling.In severe cases, glucocorticoids shown.
Most allergists is credited to their patients hormonal cream and ointment allergy skin .Hazardous these funds are absolutely not as modern creams and ointments in the structure contains so meager dose of hormones into the blood that they are practically not absorbed, thus providing good anti-allergic effect.
skin sensitization in children due to the susceptibility of the child's body to hormonal drugs, hormone creams and ointments are usually not treated.In such instances, the funds do not contain in its composition hormones, which are no less well with this problem.