allergy to the sun
sun allergy - allergic reaction of the human body, developing in response to the prolonged exposure to the skin to direct sunlight, or in the case of a combination of direct sun exposure such concomitant irritatingfactors such as drugs, deodorants, lotions, pollen, chlorinated water in the pool.
allergy to the sun is not at all uncommon, since according to the statistics, about 20% of the world's population at least once faced with the disease.Sun allergy is most often a normal skin irritation that can cover almost any part of the body, which is manifested peeling of the skin, red rash, pustular rash islands, swelling, itching, burning and redness of the skin.
sun allergy in children usually manifests in early childhood.In most cases, developing once and with the growth of the child never occurs
allergy to the sun - the reasons
Reasons sun allergy can be very diverse, and often the perpetrators of these allergic reactions are the people themselves, who with elements
Despite this, completely deprive yourself of the sun is also impossible, as the consequent vitamin D deficiency may be for the body no less dangerous only because it is able to cause deep depression, blurred vision, cause loss of appetite and thus weight, causedevelopment of diseases such as arthritis, rickets and osteoporosis.
themselves sunbeams are not allergen, but they are able to provoke the accumulation of these allergens in the human body.First in the risk of developing allergies to the sun are people with various problems in the adrenal glands, kidneys and liver.One of the contributing factors of occurrence of solar allergy is considered to be a milky white color, as well as people who have been on the skin of a large number of moles and freckles.Often, the development of an allergic reaction to the sun triggers the pregnancy, because during the course of her total body burden of women is considerably improved.Receiving some, especially anti-inflammatory drugs (sulfonamides, fluoroquinolones, griseofulvin, quinidine, tetracyclines, amiodarone, etc.) Can also cause the development of solar allergy.
The cause of the allergic reaction may have some application to the skin cosmetics, as part of which are provoking chemicals that cause allergic reactions when exposed to sunlight.If creams, perfume and tanning there are polyunsaturated fatty acids, natural essential oils, retinoids, mercury preparations paraaminobenzoic, boric and salicylic acid - to stay in direct sunlight on them should be abandoned.
addition, there are certain substances (sensitizers), which in the case of oral administration in a position to trigger the development of solar allergy.This group of substances include certain foods (all types of citrus fruits) and certain drugs (aspirin, ibuprofen, diuretics, tranquilizers, antibiotics, antimicrobials, oral contraceptives)
sun allergy - symptoms
Within quite a short periodtime after a continuous stay in direct sunlight, most an hour and a half on the skin itchy red spots appear and the like burn blisters.Several less organism can respond with a delay, and the sun allergy symptoms appear after 15-20 hours and sometimes several days.
In the case of hypersensitivity, possibly a sharp drop in pressure may develop asthma attack (bronchospasm), sometimes there may be loss of consciousness.The most vexing symptom of an allergy to the sun - not passing the unbearable itching
allergy to the sun - treatment
Medication allergies to the sun should be aimed at addressing both internal and external causes of sun allergy.Since pruritus help cope ointments, which are present in the composition components such as methyluracil, lanolin and zinc.Under indications of possible use of hormonal ointments.To remove the skin inflammation usually prescribed antihistamine anti-inflammatory drugs (indomethacin, aspirin) that the sunlight does not negatively react.
addition to addressing the underlying causes of the disease shows prescription drugs promotes the renewal of skin cells, normalizing liver function and metabolic processes.Usually it nicotinic acid, antioxidants, vitamins D, E, C.
Depending on the severity of the disease, duration of treatment may be as a matter of days and weeks.Re solar allergy appears quite rare, but if it does occur, it is returned in the form of severe eczema.If this happens - in the future stay of the patient in direct sunlight is strictly prohibited
allergy to the sun - first aid
If sun allergies has led to loss of consciousness or a person close to it, should immediately call the emergencyhelp and without waiting for her arrival on their own to take the following measures:
• To make up for lost fluids victim should be given a large number of drinking
• The skin must be covered by clothing, but it must be free to avoid irritation and so damaged skin
•In the case of high fever (over 38 ° C) should be in the region of lower legs, groin and forehead to make a cold compress.If possible, with the help of fever-reducing medicines (paracetamol, ibuprofen, etc.) Should be lowered body temperature
• When opened against the backdrop of high temperature vomiting patient should immediately turn to the side
allergy to the sun - a popular treatment
Traditional medicine to relieve itching advises to apply to the affected sites of the plate Fresh cucumbers, potatoes, or cabbage leaves.Significant relief state can bring herbal bath, a mixture of equal parts of herbs like chamomile flowers, valerian root, St. John's wort, celandine, grass succession tripartite and Salvia officinalis.
Inside you can also take the following drug infusion: infusion of herbs cocklebur, infusion of rhizomes calamus, the infusion of flowers nettle deaf, juice celery root fragrant
Prevention solar allergy
sunbathing should always start with a fairly short-term exposure to the sun,for the first day is ten or fifteen minutes, followed by hiding in a shady place.You need to know that sunlight is able to reflect well on the sand and water, so in the case of holiday on the coast, on the shoulders of the best throw light cape.
Before finding in direct sunlight to avoid the use of the above drugs, which can be a catalyst for the development of allergies.It should also be minimized, and generally should not use deodorants, perfumes and aromatic oils.For the body at the time of exposure to the sun can be applied only special creams with sunscreen.
In the case of predisposition to allergy to the sun is recommended to wear made of natural fabrics clothes that cover the body needs as much as possible from direct sunlight.