urticaria - a skin disease of allergic origin very similar to urticaria, which received another name urticaria.The disease disturbs the patient itchy, raised red light blisters.The disease is either independent of an allergic reaction to a stimulus or a manifestation of almost any disease.
disease appears due to acute inflammatory edema of the connective tissue of the papillary layer of the skin.Nettle rash loves to associate with allergic angioedema.For once in his life, every third person faces in life with this disease.In the structure of disease of allergic origin K. is right for asthma.The most frequently affected hives people 20 to 60 years of age (mostly women)
Urticaria - Causes
The causes lie in the body's allergic reaction to stimuli can act as provocateurs fungal or bacterial allergens, insect bites.Abnormal liver function, metabolism, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys may also cause disease.Often chronic K. may appear after prolonged suffering a cold, heat, sunlight, pr
Hives - Symptoms
main symptom of urticaria is a skin blisters on the body.In appearance resembles hives red mark, after the sting or burn, left nettles.The main symptom of the disease - a rash.Eruptions are symmetric, asymmetric, chaotic.They come in multiple, single, small, large.Elements of the rash can occur and migrate to any place of the skin.Unpleasant incessant itching rash worries in places.For the reversibility of the disease is characterized by the elements and after cupping of an attack the skin back to its original state
Hives - form
on the duration and symptoms of the disease are the following forms: acute, chronic, relapsing.
K. Acute characterized lasting from several hours to two weeks.It occurs because of allergic reactions to drugs, foods, infection and insect bites.
Chronic K. flows with different pathologies and often in conjunction with angioedema lasting up to several months.The disease is associated with impaired renal function, liver, gastrointestinal tract, foci of chronic infection, toxemia of pregnancy, the collapse of malignant tumors.The fallacy to assume that when angioedema affects only the face and throat.This swelling is able to appear on the feet, hands and other body parts.
K. Recurrent characterized by the repeated appearance of urticaria.
Urticaria is not a contagious disease and is not able to be transmitted from one person to another.Rapidly passing episode of illness, patients often do not seek medical attention.
Statistically acute urticaria is more often in children and adolescents, but a chronic C. occurs frequently in adults and mostly in women.The disease can be hereditary in nature and thus transferable.Acute K. can become chronic, but not always, so do not panic.Many patients with chronic K. recovery occurs in the first six months.
Dangerous if a rash?It is a myth that is greatly exaggerated.This is not a fatal disease, and only swelling of the throat and anaphylactic reactions require careful attention to itself.Independently disease is also able to disappear for a period of 6 weeks to 12 months
Causes of acute urticaria
Acute urticaria allergic in nature and origin is very giperchuvsitvitelna because of allergies, but despite this she is able to take place.
frequent allergens acute K. advocate drugs (penicillin, sulfonamides), non-steroidal drugs (aspirin), diuretics;foods (eggs, peanuts, seafood, nuts, fish);insect bites;contact allergens (latex, animal saliva, plant);the use of contrast media;acute viral infection, hormonal disorders, rheumatic diseases
cause of chronic urticaria
In adults, the cause of chronic K. is still difficult and often turns in its origin is autoimmune in nature (dysfunction of the immune system), but chronic urticaria in childrenIt reveals much more
Types of hives
There are spontaneous and physical (mechanical) K.
Physical (mechanical) rash associated with physical factors and mechanical irritation of the skin.Depending on these factors distinguish dermograficheskuyu urticaria, hives on the pressure, solar, water, cholinergic, heat, cold, contact, papular, vibration, adrenergic K.
Dermograficheskaya urticaria is a form of physical (mechanical) K. It is characterized by the appearance ofblisters due to friction or irritation of the skin by blunt objects, clothing.
Solar urticaria occurs due to effects on the skin UV - sunlight.
Water (akvagennaya) rash appears on contact with water at any temperature.On the skin, blisters, swelling, itching worried.
cholinergic urticaria is due to stimulation of sweating and fever due to stress factors, physical exercise, a hot bath or a stuffy room.Figure hives point gets blisters, which are distributed over a larger area of the skin, often accompanied by angioedema.
Heat rash occurs by direct contact with diseased skin warm or hot object.
Cold urticaria occurs by skin contact with a cold object, and exposure to cold air or drinking cold drinks, food.
Papular urticaria happens because of insect bites (bedbugs, fleas, mosquitoes).Name rash was due to rash "plaques" (small skin nodules).
adrenergic urticaria - occurs when stress is a very rare disease characterized by a white rim around the blister without pruritus.
Chronic idiopathic urticaria is characterized by periodic exacerbations (mainly women), but have not identified the cause.
pigment K. and mastocytosis refers to diseases which are characterized by accumulation of mast cells in the tissues, organs.
Nervous (psychogenic) urticaria is due to stress and nervous feelings.Food hives is urticaria patients invented associated with the use of certain products.Officially, such hives, but if the person concerned bowel disease, the kidneys, the hives provoke toxins that are in food and not withdrawn from the body
Diagnostics is engaged in the allergist-immunologist and definitively diagnosed after examination of the patient.Assuming an allergic K. recommended to perform skin tests, blood antibody determination.
There are a number of diseases are very similar to urticaria: urticarial vasculitis, mastocytosis, atopic dermatitis, erythema multiforme, contact dermatitis, scabies, anaphylactoid purpura
Hives - treatment
How to cure hives in a short time?Unfortunately radical rapid means for getting the disease does not exist.
Treatment of urticaria in adults is fundamentally different from the treatment of urticaria in children.
main treatment in adults is antihistamines, immunomodulators.
Antihistamines are medications treat both acute and chronic K. But immunomodulators (cyclosporine or prednisone) are recommended for patients with chronic K.
After examination of the patient, doctors prescribe diagnostic tests, fasting for three to five days from the reception of 2 literswater recommended daily cleansing enema, shower, light physical charge.If there is a positive effect, the rash reduced and terminated.This dynamic is typical when an allergic K. If symptoms remain, as well as progress, it says pseudoallergic K.
patients with allergic K. on the background diet begin conducting provocative tests with the introduction of the alleged food allergens.There are special tests that are likely to differentiate between allergic and pseudoallergic K.
Treatment of acute urticaria
possible to cure hives?In the treatment of acute C. is the complexity of its combination with angioedema.If the rash is insignificant, it is quite possible to confine the second generation antihistamines (Claritin, loratidine, fenistil, dimetenden etc.) Dosage 1 tablet 1 time a day, if necessary, increase the dose.When burdening the disease angioedema, appointed a group of hormones of the adrenal cortex (SSC) in the form of pills and injections at the discretion of the physician.Samu dose and duration of use of medicines appoint a dermatologist or allergist
Treatment of chronic urticaria
How to cure chronic urticaria?When treating chronic K. identify primary disease.The main drugs are the second generation antihistamines (Claritin, loratidine, fenistil, dimetenden et al.) In the usual dosage or increased at the discretion of the physician.The duration of treatment depends on the continuation of symptoms
Diet for hives
Mistaken advocates the appointment of a hypoallergenic diet standard in all cases, a rash.Cases of acute K. recommended to exclude from the diet of those products that are the results of studies cause an allergic rash.Patients with acute and chronic rashes recommended to give up drinking alcohol
What can have hives?Displaying strict adherence to a diet in which there is restriction of fat, sugar, liquid salt, with the exception of chocolate, eggs, citrus fruits, smoked, sharp, stopping smoking and alcohol, and exposure to poisons gepatropnogo origin
treatment of hives at home
Independently start to treat allergic rashes recommended only after examination by a doctor, as is the likelihood of the danger of angioedema in the throat.It is recommended to alleviate the condition enema, drinking plenty of fluids.
after a medical examination and agreed with him treatment, you yourself can take antihistamines second generation (Claritin, loratidine, fenistil, dimetenden).Be sure to see a doctor after the withdrawal symptoms of the disease and to agree on further action treatment and prevention of scars.
can wash hives and even recommended a warm shower, a small exercise.After removing the exacerbation of the underlying disease should be every 3 months to repeat the four-week treatment of enzyme preparations hepatoprotectors Cholagogue and recommend annual treatment in sanatoriums
Urticaria in children - Treatment
symptoms of urticaria in children is practically no different from an adult,but the expression of their emotions children become lethargic, moody, restless.
K. Treatment of child happens to the weight of the child, so the doctor picks up the children's dose of antihistamines
hives in pregnant women - treatment
hives in pregnancy proceeds differently, so treatment requires an individual approach.In all cases, weigh the benefits or potential harm to the child.The safest drug for pregnant women considered to loratadine.