Latex allergy - allergic reaction to obtained from the sap of the rubber tree natural latex.To be more precise, it develops an allergy to certain proteins that are part of natural latex.We are allergic to latex people mistakenly accept this component of the aggressive foreign substance and begins to deal with it through the development various manifestations of allergic nature.
Latex allergy usually causes quite typical of all allergic reactions diseases ranging from the common cold and the ending is sufficiently serious threat to the life of anaphylactic shock.To determine the presence of allergy to this component, as well as to find out the possible attitude to risk, in a state only by a qualified allergist.
most common source of allergies of this type are conventional medical and household rubber gloves, but latex is contained in other rubber products - balloons, condoms, some medical devices and so forth.
addition to health professionals at risk of latex allergy include
• With deformed urinary tract or bladder
• with defective bone marrow cells
• With urinary catheter, which has a rubber tip
• undergoing numerous operations
• intolerant chestnuts, kiwis, bananas and avocados
• Patients with eczema and / or asthma
• Often used condoms
• related to industrial production of rubber products
exact cause allergic reactions containing latex products until the end and is not defined, but many observations have shown that repeated prolonged contact with rubberand latex can provoke in otherwise healthy people develop allergic symptoms.According to statistics, various forms of latex allergies occur in about 8% of housewives and 15% of health workers
Latex allergy - symptoms
main ways of getting latex into the human body: when using latex gloves through the skin, inhaled, covering rubberGloves powders, mucosal (rectum, sex organs, the mouth, eyes) using rubber instruments during medical procedures (via the blood).
primarily an allergic reaction to latex manifests itself as contact dermatitis with symptoms such as damage, burning, itching and dry skin.Such a reaction develops due to the impact contained in rubber gloves of various chemicals.Contact dermatitis is considered to be non-hazardous reaction and refers to the non-allergic skin reaction.
But when the body reacts to substances and components used in the manufacture of latex, develop allergic contact dermatitis, which is manifested by dryness, itching, burning and peeling of the skin.This allergic reaction appears much sharper, tend to spread to quite extensive areas of the body, and takes longer.Also, a severe reaction to latex can occur rhinitis with symptoms of hay fever and cause colic, conjunctivitis, itchy rashes much.In rare cases, there may be a rapid heart rate, low blood pressure and can lead to fatal anaphylactic shock.
latex allergy symptoms in different people are different, and can manifest as a small fast passing redness and severe problems functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.Fortunately, severe latex allergy symptoms accompanied by quite rare, but the refusal of treatment can lead to a rather unfortunate consequences.
When diagnosed latex allergy observed cross-allergic reaction to tomatoes, peach, pineapple, mango, melon, fig, chestnut, avocado, papaya, kiwi, bananas, and the fruit of Passiflora.
In the case of any above symptoms, should, without delay, to seek medical care to the allergist.A skilled health worker during a preliminary dialogue can identify the relationship of allergic symptoms and contact with latex.To detect the presence of latex allergy, there are special surveys.Widely used so-called "glove test" based on the observation of the reaction during and after contact with latex.In addition, the patient is shown carrying out skin tests with latex allergen.To clarify the diagnosis carried out a study of respiratory function (identify latex-induced asthma), PEF monitoring and so on. Research
Latex allergy - Treatment
When latex allergy, the basis for all treatment and prevention is avoiding contact with latex.This applies even to those of latex products, which some firms are positioning as "hypoallergenic", since latex allergies should avoid any contact with the substance.Rubber gloves hypoallergenic best to wear to those people who are in contact with latex for certain reasons is unavoidable, however latex allergy have not yet formed.Those who are allergic to latex already, rubber gloves must always be replaced by neoprilovye, nitrile or vinyl.You should also give up the latex-containing medical instruments, avoid contact with plasters, disposable syringes and enemas.As for condoms, do not contain latex counterparts there, but if you can not get them, a method of contraception should be chosen completely different.
Latex allergy means avoiding contact with absolutely all products made of rubber and latex (pads in plumbing, tires and so on.).Latex should be absent in the home and clothing.Even balloons inflate the child is strictly prohibited.Isolated cases have been described as an allergic reaction developed on food prepared with rubber gloves, so in case of severe allergy to latex, from visits to companies ready supply should be abandoned.I would also like to say a few words about a long time and become part and parcel of our lives sintepon.So, for the bonding of its fibers always use latex-substance, so while selecting bedding should be preferred filler of hollow polyester fiber
Medication latex allergy
Treatment of the allergy medicines must be combined with measuresaimed at preventing possible contact with the allergen.In the treatment of allergies with antihistamines, preference is given to not cause drowsiness and is not reduced responsiveness to such modern long-acting drugs like Aerius, Telfast, Sempreks, Zyrtec, Claritin.In the case of third-generation antihistamines for at least an hour before possible contact with latex, in patients with mild forms of this type of allergy symptoms were extremely small or nonexistent.Treatment of moderate to severe allergy to latex involves a triad of medications: antihistamine and glucocorticoid hormones, adrenaline.
most severe manifestation of this type of allergic reaction is anaphylactic shock, which involves carrying out an immediate antishock measures.Therefore, when a severe allergic reaction, the patient is shown wearing a special medical bracelet, which will indicate the presence of his allergy to latex.