allergy in children
allergy in children - the response of the immune defense of the baby on any coming from the external environment a substance that is perceived by the body as potentially harmful and therefore, launching the counterattack defensive reaction,manifested cough, runny nose and a rash.According to the most authoritative scientists in the field of allergy, allergy tends to be inherited, and if at least one of the biological parents have allergies, there is a very high probability that the same stimulus will fight and the immune system of the child.
cause of allergies in children very diverse, and many of them can pursue a person throughout life, it is: a variety of chemicals, animal, insect venoms (wasps, bees, ants), pollen of various plants, foods, dust.
allergy become apparent almost immediately after contact with the allergen hazardous substance and appear rash and redness of the skin, inflammation of the mucous membranes, runny nose, sneezing, cough, hay fever and sharp
allergy in infants requires special attention, as it is in children so young age is most frequently observed food allergies, which can manifest itself until a certain period of life, and then disappear on their own.Grudnichka defense reactions may include following the adoption of a variety of fruits and vegetables, red food and so on. That is why nursing mom after the birth of a baby is attributed to a strict diet, which consists entirely of hypoallergenic products.
main symptoms of allergies in children - is different inflammatory skin: itching, rash, scaling, and redness of the skin.Sometimes allergies in children manifests intestinal disorders, flatulence and a violation of the chair.
Today pharmaceutical market offers a fairly wide variety of antihistamines, the effect of which is to eliminate allergic reactions in children.Typically, they are used sporadically, iein the case of the protective reaction of the organism to a specific stimulus.However, the best option of treatment is to avoid contact with the baby provoking allergen.Medication Allergies in Childhood (immunotherapy) is constant introduction of gradually increasing doses of the identified antigens.This treatment is very long and can take several years, but almost one hundred percent of the time helps to get rid of an allergy to a particular stimulus
Food allergies in children
Due to a wide variety of food allergens, food allergies in children fairly widespread, and a variety ofclinical manifestations only hinder the process of identifying the specific allergen.Almost any food can cause an allergic reaction response.
Symptoms of food allergy in infants are common as food allergens enter the body baby with mother's milk, in the event of its hypoallergenic diet.Often, food allergies in children in the first few years of life develops after their translation into the various substitutes of mother's milk, and the sooner the baby weaned and transferred to the mixture, the greater the chance of an allergic reaction.In more than 90% of children 1 year of life there is intolerance to cow's milk protein.
list of products most commonly cause food allergies in children: fish, citrus fruits, honey, mushrooms, nuts, and eggs.Several less allergic reactions are observed on apricots, various berries, beans, tomatoes, pomegranates, peaches, beets, carrots and various spices.Even rarer is allergic to cheese, squash, plums, buckwheat, pumpkin and potatoes.
Symptoms of food allergy in children usually occur quite strong pruritus, abundant sudamen, the appearance on the reddened skin blisters and rash.In life these manifestations called allergic diathesis.Fortunately infrequently may develop a severe allergic reaction as a manifestation of angioedema, which is stronger the swelling of subcutaneous tissue, mucous membranes and skin, and may in the event of failure to provide timely medical.help lead to death.In the case involving the gastrointestinal tract, allergies accompanied by abdominal pain, constipation or loose stools, colic and vomiting.Occasionally may develop respiratory disorders in the form of bronchospasm and rhinitis.
most reliable way of exception, a child of the above symptoms, it is the complete exclusion from the diet of allergenic foods.Due to the fact that the right to reveal the cause of the allergy is usually quite difficult, because the power in the first place should be the most likely to eliminate allergenic foods.Children 1 year of life, in this case should be transferred to a special hypoallergenic formula
allergy on the face of the child
is often an allergic reaction in children manifests itself in the face in the form of roughness, redness and rash.Typically, the symptoms are no health hazard can not be held, but it should pay special attention to a possible inflammation of the airways and throat, which can disturb the respiratory function of the baby.Typically, this causes an allergic reaction in children appear different foods (mostly fruits and vegetables), which in its composition include flavorings, colorings and chemical additives, as well as direct contact with the animals or isolated pollen.
Symptoms often begin to appear for over half an hour from the moment of contact with the allergen, or after the use of certain foods.Often, while on the face of the child's allergy symptoms are present, whereas the overall health baby remains the same, with no noticeable deterioration.
modern pharmaceutical industry has developed many drugs, including various creams and ointments, the effect of which is aimed at easing the skin and get rid of the child on the roughness of the skin and rash.However, a true allergy treatment should not be limited relief from symptoms.The immediate effect is to remove the child from the reasons provoking allergic reactions, and has only then you need to get rid of the consequences.To resolve this painful and annoying allergic symptoms on the face of the child is recommended to use a variety of moisturizing creams and emollients.In addition, do not forget about the simple rules of personal hygiene, which are in a periodic washing your face throughout the day and make it much easier discomfort of inflamed skin baby
skin sensitization in children
usually allergic to the skin of a child is manifested inas atopic dermatitis, eczema, or children's diathesis, which are characterized by a private individual symptoms and treatment.
allergic diathesis - the body's response to certain baby foods, manifested rash, redness and itching on the buttocks and cheeks child.This indicates the beginning of the symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Children Eczema - the second stage in the development of allergies.At this point on the skin are formed strong redness and blisters on the site which are subsequently cause uncomfortable itching crust.
Atopic dermatitis - the last stage of an allergic reaction, which becomes unbearable itching, especially at night and in the evening, which often leads to disruption of sleep a child.Typically, atopic dermatitis localized to the elbow and knee bends, and the children of adolescence in addition to these places often affected the face and neck.Sometimes dermatitis may be accompanied by allergic respiratory diseases.Beginning in infancy, atopic dermatitis often occur before puberty the child, but in rare cases may remain for a lifetime.
Causes of skin allergies in children a great variety, ranging from completely unformed digestive system irrational mode of the day and an unbalanced diet, to misuse during pregnancy lifestyle of the mother and hereditary factors.That is why until a final diagnosis the doctor should carefully consider the living conditions of the child, to find out all about his diet and get to the features of its intrauterine development.
Treatment of this type of allergic reaction is assigned to both internal and external, the first reduces the allergic reaction, and the second makes it easy to annoy symptoms.In addition, a mandatory should be completely eliminated from the baby's daily diet causes skin manifestations of matter.In order to prevent allergies, the expectant mother during pregnancy should eat right, and after the birth of a child during the entire period of breastfeeding is to keep a strict diet
cat allergy in children
allergic reaction in children of different animals is not uncommonbut the most widespread allergic to cats, which is associated with the presence of secretions in these animals specific proteins, which are very sensitive children's immune system recognizes as invaders, and that is the cause of the beginning of the protection of an allergic reaction.
cat allergy in children mistakenly seen by many as an allergic reaction to pet hair, and if you buy a cat with a complete lack of hair (gillyflower, sphinx, etc..), The negative reaction of the Danish organism disappears completely.So - this is misleading.
have this type of allergy symptoms include: respiratory disorder, nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, wheezing.On the skin appears itchy red bittern.If the cat scratched any part of the body, in this place the skin swells up strongly and visibly blushing.Symptoms may appear as a few minutes after contact with animals, and a few hours later.In case of repeated contact with cat symptoms are usually aggravated.
To get rid of the cat allergy should first get rid of the source of allergenic substances.However, sometimes getting rid of the animal does not get rid of the child from allergies to cats, becauseallergens from these animals can be entered from the street on the shoes, clothes and air.In this case, treatment of allergies is the use of a number of standard medications used to treat allergic reactions to major allergens.It antihistamines and decongestants sprays and means of suppressing allergy symptoms
allergy to the cold in children
Some children after a long stay at low temperatures, the skin may redden, her itching and swelling occur.Most of all - it is an allergy to the cold arising in the event of heat exchange between the external environment and the body of the baby.
allergy to the cold in children without attention should not be, becauseapart from minor symptoms to severe frost may develop serious complications such as hypertension and tachycardia.This type of allergy is most often seen in children with diseases of the cardiovascular and endocrine systems.According to the kids is usually characterized by low body temperature, even in warm weather, they can freeze his feet and / or hands.
allergy to the cold is not a seasonal disease, exposed her people suffer all year round.Not only the low temperature is able to provoke an allergic reaction, but also factors such as a strong cold wind, eating ice cream and cold drinks, drafts, moisture and so forth.
symptoms of allergy to the cold in the child: the appearance of the skin itchy blisters (cold urticaria);always finding a child in the cold he had been called pseudoallergic runny nose;also at low temperatures, there is the so-called pseudoallergic conjunctivitis, which appears cold, watery eyes and a sharp pain in his eyes after being hit by passing the baby in a warm room;cold dermatitis, which is manifested by redness and peeling of the skin, sometimes up to edema.Normally, skin allergy to the cold are observed around the eyes and lips.
In the event of a child's allergy to the cold should minimize the impact on his body irritants.If going outside, dress your baby so you need to leave as little as possible uncovered areas of the body.The remaining exposed areas of the skin should be thoroughly greased small child protective layer of cream.Baby clothes have to be waterproof.Also to be excluded from eating cold foods and beverages
milk allergy in children
up to two years, in children the most common food allergies are allergic to milk.Of all the other substances are considered to be the most allergennoopasnymi proteins found in milk in large quantities.Typically, increased sensitivity to milk detected in being bottle-fed children.Suffice it is widely known that the risk of developing allergies to milk the higher than before the baby weaned.
But often children are allergic not only to cow's milk, but also in breast milk.The most likely cause of this type of allergy is the milk that the mother use during pregnancy.In addition, the response to breast milk may develop non-compliance with the nursing mother of a special hypoallergenic diet.
symptoms of milk allergy in the child: bloating and stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and occasionally cutaneous manifestations can occur with bloody diarrhea or green impurities.But talk about the allergy is not immediately necessary, as this is often observed symptoms in the majority of gastrointestinal diseases, so after the onset of the above symptoms, be sure to consult your doctor to confirm the diagnosis which will appoint the necessary analysis and research.
milk allergy in children usually takes place yourself to two or three years, but can sometimes remain on the rest of his life.If your child is showing signs of an allergy to milk at a time when he is breastfed, the first priority is to adjust the diet of the mother, by eliminating the use of all able to cause negative reactions products.If improvement is not observed after that, it is necessary after consultation with your doctor to switch to artificial feeding.If it was found that the mixture is a cause of allergy, it is necessary to switch to the use of hypoallergenic its analogue.Older children shows as possible to avoid the use of products containing in its composition of cow's milk
dust allergies in children
Today dust allergy in children - a phenomenon quite common, which, however, without proper attention can not leave, asVarious complications may develop, of which asthma is the most serious.
Symptoms of allergies to dust in a child: pain in the eyes, wheezing, runny nose, sneezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and sometimes asthma.Often there is conjunctivitis, eczema and hives.It has been observed that if a few days to remove the baby from the troubled apartment, his health improved markedly.It should be remembered that these symptoms are often observed in other diseases, so a final diagnosis must be preceded by a thorough examination.
allergic reaction to the dust of the child is not the dust, and dwell therein mites and their waste products.These mites are so microscopic that the naked eye they can not be detected, while live they are everywhere: in upholstered furniture, feather beds, pillows, carpets, soft toys and so on. From this it follows that if a baby has symptoms of allergies to dust, you should notpostponing conduct general cleaning of the apartment are soft objects and things.