August
12
20:06
Diseases of internal organs

Prevention and Treatment of bronchitis

Prevention and treatment of bronchitis

the human respiratory system bronchi occupy perhaps one of the most important places.Every day they passed through a roughly fifteen thousand liters of air.Like all of the airways, the bronchi mucous membrane on the inside have the function of which - humidification and preventing penetration into the lungs of small foreign particles that although already in small quantities, but nevertheless fall here with air.
It bronchial mucosa is the place where the body's defenses to fight the inflammation caused by trapped in their air microbes or received since the lymph or blood from the foci of inflammation: teeth, nose, throat, sinuses.Quite often inflammation in bronchi develops as a consequence of an allergic reaction from nicotine smell, color, derivatives of ammonia, chlorine, or sulfur.
Like most other diseases, bronchitis may occur in the acute form, and taking chronic

Symptoms

In acute bronchitis the patient is a common ailment, there is a low c

hest cough, sharp temperature increases (often up to 39*).In the first stage of the disease cough, often dry and nadryvisty, but gradually it becomes wet.The course of acute bronchitis, is not burdened by any complications usually takes two to three weeks, and usually ends in complete recovery.
The main symptom of chronic bronchitis is observed for several months in a row for about two years, a chronic cough.By itself, a wet cough with purulent sputum, he is the strongest in the morning.Chronic bronchitis affects mostly adults, and he appears as a consequence of prolonged exposure to all kinds of bronchial irritants (smoke, dust, etc.), And after numerous episodes of suffering acute bronchitis.
In the long and without proper treatment, chronic bronchitis develops into in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Treatment

In acute bronchitis patient attributed to increased food, bed or polupostelny mode, warm drinking plenty of fluids (infusion of lime blossom, infusion of raspberrytea with honey or with raspberry jam), alkaline mineral waters (required warmed).During the course of acute bronchitis need to completely stop smoking.The room where the patient must always be ventilated, but in a place so be sure to warm.
Most people at the first symptoms of bronchitis begin taking antibiotics.In fact, if the disease is not accompanied by inflammatory changes in the blood and there is no purulent sputum - from their use is better to abstain, because these drugs have strong side effects: reduced immunity and inhibit the normal intestinal flora.First we need to try to do the test of time necessary medication: paracetamol, aspirin, expectorants (herb thyme, plantain leaves, shoots of wild rosemary, leaves mother and stepmother, elecampane roots, anise fruit).
most effective drugs from bouts of dry cough:
* * terpine - to take 1-2 tablets 3 times a day.Mukaltin
* * - to take 1-2 tablets (certainly before meals) 3-4 times a day.The usual course of treatment about seven - ten days.Bromhexine
* * - take 2 tablets 3 times a day.Treatment for two to three weeks.When the (sometimes), allergic reactions such as skin rash and itching - the drug should be discontinued.Pertussin
* * - take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
When these medications do not bring relief - appointed agents that suppress the cough reflex (codeine, tusupreks, kodterpin, libeksin).
the treatment of acute allergic bronchitis used antihistamines (tavegil, diazolin, suprastin etc.).

Treatment of chronic bronchitis should be comprehensive, chosen individually for each patient, and most importantly - continuous.First of all, the treatment of bronchitis should be aimed at addressing the factors triggering the disease, improve bronchial patency, restoration of optimal immune background and the elimination of the inflammatory process arising in the bronchi.Unfortunately antibiotics are indispensable tool in the treatment of chronic bronchitis.They are assigned strictly defined courses and only after the results of analyzes of sensitivity to them microflora taken from the sputum.In parallel with antibiotics to patients as prescribed bronchodilators, expectorants and mucolytics

Prevention

First of all, in order to avoid the disease acute bronchitis should be possible to protect the throat from the cold, but too warm clothes are not worth it, because inoverheating while walking the human body starts to sweat, which can lead to colds.Also, no less important component of the prevention of bronchitis is a hardening of the feet, nose and throat, which are conducted by special techniques.

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