Duodenitis - fairly common inflammatory disease of the duodenum, in which it is inflamed mucosa, with subsequent erosion and eventual atrophy.This disease mainly exposed males.Duodenitis divided into chronic and acute. Chronic duodenitis often develops as a result of diseases such as gastric ulcer, chronic pancreatitis, chronic gastritis , duodenal ulcer, uremia and giardiasis;and is atrophic, superficial and interstitial hyperplastic.Acute duodenitis often accompanied by inflammation of the intestines and stomach: gastroenterocolitis, gastroenteritis;and sometimes abscess, erosive - ulcerative and catarrhal
Causes of duodenitis
The main causes of this disease include:
- poisoning by toxic substances
- Food poisoning is an infectious nature
- Abuse of spicy food
- Abusealcohol and tobacco
- In the case of mechanical damage by foreign bodies mucosa
Risk factors for chronic duodenitis include dysfunction of the endocrine and nervous character, combined with infec
showed characteristic painepigastric (palpation pain worse), decreased appetite, there is increased fatigue, nausea and vomiting.After the meal the patient has a feeling of heaviness and fullness in the upper abdomen.Severe chronic duodenitis may be accompanied by intestinal bleeding, and acute form can serve as an impetus to the development of bowel wall perforation and acute pancreatitis.
to establish a definitive diagnosis is carried duodeno-fiberscopes, and if necessary - biopsy of duodenal mucosa
To achieve maximum effectiveness in the treatment of this disease in the first place must be strict adherence to the strict diet.In the first one - two days attributed to bed, full of famine, recurrent gastric lavage with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.In the following days attributed to diet №1, and then # 1a and enveloping, and astringents.To eliminate the pain symptoms and holinoliticheskie prescribed antispasmodic drugs.In cases where due to other duodenitis gastro - intestinal tract, carefully untreated underlying disease.
patients with chronic duodenitis mandatory throughout later life should be under medical observation, and they should be carried out anti-treatment.
With appropriate quality treatment prognosis is quite favorable.To prevent duodenitis need regular nutrition, smoking cessation and alcohol, as well as timely treatment of diseases which can develop as a result of secondary duodenitis.