August
12
20:06
ENT disease

Hypertrophy of tonsils

hypertrophy of the tonsils

hypertrophy of the tonsils hypertrophy of the tonsils is most common in children, and in most cases, in combination with the adenoids, which clearly displays the total lymphadenoid hyperplasia tissue.

causes of hypertrophy of the tonsils to date not been fully elucidated, but it can be argued that a certain value have immune deficiencies, dysfunction, endocrine, infectious diseases and hereditary factors

flow and symptoms

sufficiently large sizesenlarged tonsils can significantly complicate the mouth breathing and swallowing food, and often lead to difficulty speaking.In the case where in addition to hypertrophy of the tonsils present adenoids - respiratory function greatly disturbed;while the child during sleep come asthma bothers frequent cough, resulting in disturbed sleep and the phenomenon of mental and nervous dystonia.

Diagnosis is based on our pharyngoscope while seen a significant increase in the palatine tonsils with no obvious signs of chronic inflammation.

also simple hypertrophy of the tonsils necessarily need to be differentiated from hypertrophic chronic tonsillitis, Hodgkin's disease, lymphosarcoma and leukemia.A biopsy, with subsequent histological examination of a tissue sample and blood tests clarify the diagnosis

Treatment

If the hypertrophy of the tonsils insignificant, treatment, or not done, or is assigned to the use of caustic and binders to reduce swollen.Also shown is a restorative treatment, which includes vitamin therapy, microwave and ultrasound therapy, and climate therapy (stay in the mountain / sea climate).

Where hypertrophic tonsils interfere with normal swallowing and breathing - is carried out surgery (tonzillotomiya), in which the cut off part of the tonsils, acting beyond the palatine arches.Most often this type of surgery is performed between the ages of five to seven years (for adults and infants are extremely rare).Surgical treatment is contraindicated in cases where there are acute and severe diseases of the blood flowing and chronic infectious diseases.

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1. nasal septal hematoma 2. Labyrinthitis

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