Hypotension - this penchant for dramatic or permanent reduction in both systolic component and diastolic blood pressure component.One should distinguish between systemic hypotension and lowering of isolated diastolic component in blood pressure that occurs when tireotoksicheskom insufficiency syndrome and valvular heart disease.
syndrome hypotension accompanied by a symmetrical decline in the central pressure in both upper limbs.Among curative measures used to normalize blood pressure, have been successfully used as a means of pharmaceutical production, and non-pharmacological methods of correction.
risk for this disease are persons younger predominantly female, but in old age period can also be observed manifestations of hypotension due to a decrease in the tone of vascular walls affected by atherosclerotic changes.
Hypotension as separate entities that represents polietiologic condition that may in some cases act as a physiological response of the bod
for the development of primary option hypotension most affected state of the neurological status of the patient, and therefore, almost 90% of cases, this form of the disease occurs in patients suffering from dystonia neurocirculatory.In this situation, the main instigators of the attack hypotension acts impact stress factor, which is considered as emotional stress, chronic fatigue syndrome and insomnia.
hypotension secondary option is not regarded as an independent disease, and cardiologists in this situation use the term "hypotension syndrome" as lowering blood pressure acts as a symptom, combined with other clinical manifestations.
Because of the traumatic effects on the body as a factor expressed allergic reactions, dehydration, massive blood loss, hypotension is severe, and the development of a bright clinical symptoms observed in a matter of minutes.In this situation, in the short term, a sharp decrease in the blood supply to tissues and organs, which could have serious irreversible consequences.
Chronic hypotension is better tolerated by patients, as in this case, a patient's vascular system to adapt to changes in blood pressure.
acute onset of symptoms of hypotension may occur in patients with arterial hypertension and uncontrolled use of drugs that reduce blood pressure.
Note that hypotension may be a manifestation of the human physiological response in response to sudden changes of weather conditions, and in this situation, normalization of blood pressure occurs independently.
symptoms of hypotension
In assessing the state of a patient suffering from hypotension, it should be noted that in some situations there is a physiological predisposition to reduced blood pressure, which does not adversely affect the health of the patient.However, in most cases, acute or chronic reduction of blood pressure numbers is accompanied by severe impairment of health by the patient.
Early criteria hypotension, occurring in the acute form, is a sign of lack of oxygen in the brain structures of transient visual disturbances, dizziness, unsteady gait and coordination disorders, transient episodes of loss of consciousness.
With prolonged hypotension during the clinical manifestations are less intense, but are of a permanent nature, which significantly affects the quality of life of the patient.In most cases, the clinical symptoms of hypotension are nonspecific, but the continued presence of these changes allows you to set a preliminary diagnosis without the use of additional methods of research.Most often, patients with chronic course hypotension, impose specific complaints of weakness, inability to perform usual physical activity, decreased cognitive functions of the brain, expressed sweating distal extremities.
pathognomonic symptom of hypotension, which occurs in almost 90% of cases, a positive orthostatic test in which the patient has a sudden dizziness, and even short-term loss of consciousness with a change in body position in space.
Patients with neurocirculatory dystonia flowing on hypotonic type, there is krizovoe for hypotension, at which a paroxysmal blood pressure reduction accompanied by a decrease in body temperature, severe hyperhidrosis, slowing heart rhythm, vomiting, which has no connection with the meal, andsharp respiratory disorders.This condition requires immediate medical correction.
treatment of hypotension
To determine the appropriate tactics in terms of management and treatment of a patient suffering from hypotension, you should determine the cause of its occurrence, as in the case of secondary origin, the key to successful treatment is drug correction of the underlying pathology, a manifestation of which is considered to decreaseblood pressure.
In the case of the primary version of hypotension observed in neurocirculatory dystonia, you should use a holistic approach to treatment (psychocorrection, hydrotherapy, acupuncture, physiotherapy, massage).If hypotension chronic nature, patients are advised to use long courses of medical treatment with the use of drugs as a vegetable and pharmaceutical origin in oral form (Vinpocetine 5 mg three times a day, piracetam 0.8 g 3 times a day, concentrate Lemongrass 20drops 3 times).
When an occurrence of acute hypotension, is it necessary to use the emergency treatment of drugs that have a rapid effect in terms of increased intravascular pressure (intravenous administration of 1% solution of phenylephrine at a dose of 0.5 ml).
Hypotension - a doctor will help ?In the presence or suspected development of hypotension should immediately consult a doctor such as a cardiologist, endocrinologist and a neurologist.