April
23
23:00
Neuroscience

Vertigo

Vertigo

vertigo photo Vertigo (dizziness) - a loss of balance, which is accompanied by a sense of rotation of the body around objects, or on the contrary - the rotation of objects around the body.Vertigo - the second most common symptom with which people go to the doctor (the first place is occupied by a large margin the brain and spinal pain).As an example of the true, but is not associated with any disease vertigo, is dizziness, which occurs after riding the rides (rides and so forth.), When after a quick stop at the person continues the vision of moving relative to itself the surroundings

Vertigo - Causesoccurrence

emergence of true vertigo (dizziness), in most cases, is a symptom of any disease of certain systems responsible for body position in space and balance.Nerve centers responsible for balance, are in the cerebellum and the cerebral cortex.It was there from the periphery (the nerve endings in joints and muscles, the inner ear, the visual apparatus) is informed about the current position of

the body and its movements.The reaction of the nerve centers of the information obtained almost immediately.

Anyone can recall is not one case where stumbling, he did a lot of completely unconscious instantaneous movements and held by this equilibrium - that is the normal state of equilibrium the system works.Vertigo is caused by a particular fault in an adequate operation of the system, when because of a pathological process, passing in bodies - informant information from the periphery fed distorted or incorrect.Vertigo is divided into central and peripheral

Central vertigo

for this condition is characterized by gradual onset, persistence and mild symptoms.Vegetative symptoms (palpitations, sweating, nausea) expressed rather weakly, hearing no.Improving the condition occurs gradually and slowly.

Causes central vertigo: syringomyelia, multiple sclerosis, migraine , epilepsy, tumors, trauma, disorders of cerebral circulation.Most of the researchers of this phenomenon unanimously agree that in addition to the central and peripheral vertigo, there is vertigo, which has a psychogenic nature and occurs when the alarm or anxiety neurosis

Peripheral vertigo

for this condition is characterized by acute onset and difficult tolerated patients pronouncedsymptoms, which can last as minutes or days.Peripheral vertigo accompanied by hearing loss, tinnitus, sweating, nausea and vomiting, low blood pressure and frequent palpitations.

most common cause of peripheral vertigo is any abnormality of the inner ear:
- circulatory disorders in the structures of the inner ear
- The deposition of calcium salts in the structures of the inner ear, leading to the so-called benign positional vertigo that occurs when a precise position of the head and continuingfrom the matter of seconds to several minutes
- Increased pressure filling these structures endolinfy (for this reason, developing Meniere's disease , before the years flowing with tinnitus and while hearing loss in one ear)
- Toxic effects on structuresinner ear certain medications (furosemide, aspirin, certain antibiotics), as well as tobacco and alcohol
- Inflammation of the labyrinth of the inner ear, due to recent past infectious and viral diseases
- tumors and damage of the auditory nerve impairment, ear trauma, lesions arthrosiscervical spine

in peripheral vertigo, in addition to the appointment of medical treatment, to determine the root cause of this disease, for a more thorough diagnosis is a mandatory consultation of an otolaryngologist.Also, for further diagnosis vertigo, shown holding the following surveys: ophthalmologic examination, audiographic study, magnetic resonance imaging and / or computed tomography, X-ray of the cervical spine and skull, ultrasound Doppler cerebral arteries

Vertigo - Treatment

ideal optiontreatment of vertigo is the treatment of the specific cause of the disease, but this is necessary to conduct a huge number of studies and samples which are sometimes still can not point out the exact cause of vertigo.The generally accepted rule that we treat vertigo - the appointment will improve the patient's medications that relieve emotional stress, dizziness and nausea.Besides using medications that improve blood circulation in the vessels of the brain.

positive effect given special rehabilitation exercises (exercises on the development of strength, coordination, balance, muscle tension), aimed at the control of already developed, as well as preventing possible starting attack.In severe cases, peripheral vertigo, shown conducting surgery on the structures of the inner ear are: surgery on the vestibular and auditory nerve, labyrinth surgery, drainage endolinfy.

Also, patients with this disease is shown to comply with certain dietary recommendations to help remove excess fluid from the body.These include limiting the use of chocolate, coffee and tea;complete elimination of tobacco and alcohol, limit your intake of fluids up to a half liters a day, it is also necessary to limit the intake of salt and salty foods to two grams per day.

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